Thursday, January 21, 2021
Monday, January 18, 2021
Shiva and Chandra: Why did Lord Shiva place Chandra on his head.
Shiva tattva is that element which is beyond the mind. Moon signifies mind. How can one express the nirgun(formless) state beyond the mind? How can one understand this inexplicable situation? It is necessary to use some intellect to understand, experience and express. Some mind is required to express the latent, infinite, subconscious state in the visible world. Therefore, to express the undefined , it is a thin moon on the crest of Shiva, which signifies the mind.
Brahmgyan is beyond the mind, but it requires a little intellect to express it - this is the symbol of Chandrasekhar.
By many names like Chandrama, Chaand, Chandra, Sudhakar, Sudhanshu, we know about a planet which appears closest to us after the Sun. The brightest appears. Even if he takes the light from the sun, but after tolerating the heat of the sun on his chest, he cooling and send to us that light and illuminates our nights with the milky moonlight.
☆ The mythological story of Chandra.
The story of the birth of the Chandra(moon) is also found in different Puranas. According to the story of Agni Purana, when Lord Brahma thought of creating the creation, he first created Manas Putra(psychic progeny). Rishi Atri was one of these manas putra. Atri was married to Anusuiya, the daughter of Maharishi Kardam. Goddess Anusuiya had three sons who came to be known as Durvasa, Dattatreya and Som. It is believed that Som also one name of Chandra .
According to another Purana story, Brahma ji entrusted the work of expansion of the universe to his manas putra Atri. He started an ascetic called Anutara for this. While doing penance, one day some very bright drops of water dripped from his eyes, all the directions took the form of a woman and took these bright drops in their womb to wish for a son, but for a long time the directions could not kept this in their womb and abandoned them. Then this abandoned womb was given a male form by Brahma ji which got fame in the name of Chandradeva. It is believed that many life-giving herbs originated on this earth by the glory of Chandra. Brahma ji gave him the lordship of the constellations, vegetation, Brahmins, ascetics etc.
There is also a belief that when the gods and asuras together churned the sea, one of the 14 gems received during that time was the moon which Lord Shiva held on his forehead. However, it is also believed that the presence of the moon as a planet preceded the churning. Because when the auspicious time of the churning was try to knowing, then the auspicious situation of the moon and the guru was said. Thus it is also believed that the different kala(in sense of quality) of the Moon were born at different times.
The moon is adorned on his head in every picture and idol of Lord Shiva. Have you ever wondered what is the relation of Shiva with him? Bholenath has placed Chandra on his head, that is why he is also known as Shashidhar, Chandra adorns his yogi form.
Lord Shiva whose friends are ghosts and who wear garlands of heads around the neck. Shivji is seen wearing a moon on the head. Shiva is the symbol of destruction and the moon is of infinite coolness. Both are opposite of each other. Why did Mahadev, who is complete in himself, need to wear the moon on his head. In this post we will explain why Mahadev Shiva wears a moon on his head.
In fact, there are two reasons for Shiva to wear the moon.
☆ Shiva, Daksha and Chandra.
An interesting story is also told about Lord Bholenath's wearing of the moon on the head. According to the Shiv Purana, Daksha Prajapati married 27 of his daughters to the moon because the moon was very beautiful and these girls started loving him. These girls are 27 nakshatras (constellations), these girls were extremely beautiful but Rohini's beauty was amazing among them. That is why all the affection of the moon was always towards Rohini. All of the other wives began to worried and they told their grief to the father.
Daksha Prajapati explained Chandra Dev in many ways for this. But it had no effect on him. Eventually Daksha got angry and cursed Chandradeva (moon) to decay. Due to this curse, Chandradev immediately decayed and his body began to weak daily. Chandradev tried hard to get rid of it but to no avail.
As soon as he was decayed, all their work of coolness-precipitation on the earth stopped. There was a chaos in every place. The deities went to the Lord Brahma for the salvation of Chandra Dev and told him the whole thing. Then Brahmaji told the moon that worshiping Lord Shiva would only welfare him. The Moon did severe penance to Lord Shiva. Pleased with his austerity, Shivaji conferred the boon of immortality to the moon and placed it on his head. It is believed that due to the curse of Daksh and the boon of Shiva, the moon keeps on decreasing and increasing.
After the boon of Lord Shiva, Chandra slowly started recovering and appeared as a full form on the full moon. The place where the Moon did penance to Lord Shiva is called Somnath.
According to beliefs, even today, due to that curse of Daksha, the size of the moon keeps decreasing and increasing, but even today, on the full moon day, the moon is seen in its full size.
☆ Shiva, Chandra and the story of Samudra Manthan.
Another story is also said in this regard when the sea was churned by the gods and asuras(demons), then 14 gems appeared from the churning. The poison was first came from this sea churning.
According to the first mythology described in the Shiva Purana, Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesha created leela to expand the earth and create a variety of life on it, and they used the power of Dev and his brother Asuras to churn the sea. They first created reason for churning the sea. Durvasa Rishi cursed Devaraja Indra to be inferior to Sri (Lakshmi) due to his insult. Lord Vishnu asked Indra to churn the sea with Asuras for curse salvation and lured the demons with nectar. This is how the sea churning started.
When the gods and asuras started churning the sea, then Lord Vishnu took part in the churning with the Kachhap avatar. He remained stationary in the middle of the sea and the Madaranchal Mountains were placed over him. Then by making rope to Vasuki Nag, the gods from one side and the demons from the other side started churning the sea.
During this Amrit Manthan in Sagar, not only the nectar but also many other things came out of the sea, which were distributed equally among the gods and asuras.
Apart from nectar from the Samudra Manthan, Dhanvantari, Kalpavriksha, Kaustubh Mani, Divine Conch, Varuni or Madira(liqueur),Airavat, Parijat tree, Chandra(Moon), Apsara, Uchai Shrava Ashva(Horse), Hallahal or poison and Kamadhenu cow were also obtained. But there was a war between the gods and the demons for Necter.
With the help of Lord Vishnu, the gods won this battle and eventually the gods were able to get the nectar. When the sea was churned, the poison also came out. The poison was so severe that its effect was spreading on the whole creation, but it was not under the control of any deity or demon. At this time, Lord Shiva drank that very poisonous poison to save the world.
[Lord Shiva put that Kalkuta poison in his throat to protect the world. Due to the effect of poison, his throat became blue and for this reason Lord Shiva got a name Neelkanth.]
But after drinking the poison, his body started heating up due to the effect of the poison. The moon we see in the sky today was born during the sea churning. Seeing this, Chandradeva (the moon) prayed to Lord Shiva and told put me on the forehead and provide coolness to his body. The effect of such poison will also be reduced.
For this, Lord Shiva do not consider first, because the moon being white and cold, cannot bear the intensity of that poison. But Shiva agreed to it after the request of other gods and he put the moon on his head. Such is the popular belief that since then the Moon is seated on the forehead of Lord Shiva and is giving its coolness to the whole creation. By holding the moon, Shivji gives the message that your mind should always remain calm.
No matter how angry our nature is, but our mind should always be as cool as the moon. Just as the moon provides coolness to us by taking heat from the sun, similarly we should also make our nature.
Tuesday, December 29, 2020
Thursday, December 10, 2020
Friday, November 27, 2020
Thursday, November 12, 2020
Why did Mata Parvati curse Samudradeva to be salty?
Wednesday, November 4, 2020
The results of karma is very peculiar. Sometimes, by virtue of the grace of God, when the sin & virtues move in parallel, then the condition of life also gets pulled in a different direction. But where the burden of sinful deeds is on the mind, then the human does not get peace anywhere and he moves moves here & there, but the sins keep him disturbed. If the virtues pulled him towards the good path, then the sins lead him to the wrong way. It can also be seen as something like the struggle of the sea churning of Devas and Asuras in which fourteen gems appear. Likewise, there is upheaval in our mind like churning of the sea. Our thoughts, which are full by the effects of the acts of natural previous births, spontaneously drag us into the present birth towards good deeds or sin deeds. In this context, while giving the Gita knowledge in the Mahabharata war, Lord Shri Krishna says that Arjuna, you do not want to fight, yet you will be bound to fight by the flow of inspired virtues and rituals of your birth.
In this context, the amazing truth of life is hidden. Thousands elephants's power is in this mind, which can distract the ordinary -extraordinary man and bring him from anywhere.
Now see Ashwatthama, the warrior of Mahabharata. He is one of the seven Sanjeevan Devas who are worshiped in the morning with a mantra for long life. That Ashwatthama is immortal but due to curse and his sin, he wanders on the restless earth with his wounds.
Ashwatthama was born to Drona, the son of the sage Bharadwaja. His mother was Kripi, the daughter of sage Shardwan. Dronacharya's gotra was Angira. Brahmin Drona married Kripi to get children by orders of ancestors. Kripi was also very religious, simple and virtuous. Both were from poor family. As soon as he was born, Ashwatthama uttered a loud word like horse's voice which resonated in all directions and sky. Then Akashvani said that the name of this special child will be Ashwatthama.
Fear of Ashwatthama in the Mahabharata war: When the army of demons led a terrible attack under the leadership of Ghatotkacha all the Kaurava heroes fled. Then Ashwatthama stood there alone. He killed Anjanaparva, the son of Ghatotkacha. He also killed an Akshohini army of Pandavas and wounded Ghatotkacha.
Ashwatthama was the Maharathi of the Kaurava army. Kururaj organized the eleven Akshohini army of his side under the command of eleven commander . Ashwatthama holds a prominent position among the eleven commanders.
Here in the war, Arjuna, Krishna, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Nakula, Sahadeva, Drupada, Dhrishtadumra and Ghatotkacha etc. were fighting. In spite of him, Ashwatthama killed 90 sons of Kuntibhoj, heroes like Balanik, Shataniq, Jayashva, Shrutahya, Hemmali, Parshvdhra and Chandrasen were killed in the battle and drove away Yudhishthira's army. Fear and terror spread in the Pandava's side in view of this demolition by Ashwatthama. Now it was very important to stop Ashwatthama. Everyone was considering it otherwise the defeat was certain the next day.
Ashwatthama elephant killed : Drona is made new commander at the behest of Karna in the battle of the tenth day after Bhishma lying on arrow's bed. Duryodhana and Shakuni tell Drona that if he take Yudhishthira captive, the war will end automatically. When at the end of the day, Drona proceeds to defeating Yudhishthira in battle and to arrest him , then that Arjuna comes and stops him with his arrow's rain. Nakula was with Yudhishthira and Arjuna also returned to Yudhishthira. Thus the Kauravas could not capture Yudhishthira.
But with the increasing destructive power of Drona, panic spreads in the Pandavas' camp. The father and son together ensured the defeat of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. Seeing the defeat of the Pandavas, Shri Krishna asked Yudhishthira to resort to deceit. Under this plan, in the war it was spread that 'Ashwatthama was killed' but Yudhishthira was not ready to lie. Then the elephant of a king named Avantiraja, whose name was Ashwatthama, was slaughtered by Bhima. After this, in the war it was spread that 'Ashwatthama was killed.'
When Guru Dronacharya asked Dharmaraja Yudhishthira to know the truth of Ashwatthama, he replied, "Ashwatthama is killed but an elephant."
At the same time Shri Krishna performed the Sankhnaad, due to which the noise of Guru Dronacharya could not hear the last word 'elephant' and he understood that my son was killed. Hearing this, he gave up his arms and closed his eyes in the battlefield and sank into mourning. This was the occasion when Draupadi's brother Dhrishtadumara, knowing Dronacharya was unarmed, beheaded him with a sword. This news was horribly tragic for Ashwatthama. After the deceitful murder of the father, Ashwatthama laid down all the rules of war.
Use of Brahmshirastra on the 18th day of Mahabharata: On the eighteenth day three warriors of the Kauravas are left - Ashwatthama, Kripacharya and Kritavarma. On this day, Ashwatthama vowed to kill the Pandavas, but he did not understand how to kill the Pandavas. Ashwatthama was thinking this only when an owl attacked the crows at night, the owl kills them all. Seeing this incident, Ashwatthama had the same idea in his mind, and with the help of Kripacharya and Kritavarma, in the dark night, he reached the Pandavas' camp and beheaded the 5 sons of the sleeping Pandavas as Pandavas. When Dhritishdumra wakes up from this incident, Ashwatthama kills him too.
Everyone condemns this misdeed of Ashwatthama. Unhappy with the murder of her sons, Draupadi starts mourning. Hearing his lamentation, Arjuna vowed to cut Ashwatthama's head. Hearing Arjuna's pledge, Ashwatthama escaped, then Arjuna followed him by making Shri Krishna a charioteer and taking his Gandiva-bow. Ashwatthama did not get protection anywhere, due to fear, he used Brahmashirastra on Arjuna. Arjuna also had to use Brahmashirastra under compulsion. At the prayer of the sages, Arjuna withdrew his weapon but Ashwatthama turned his brahmashirastra towards Abhimanyu's widow Uttara's womb. Krishna saves Uttara's womb with his power.
Finally Shri Krishna said, "O Arjuna! Dharmatma, sleeping, inattentive, drunk, mad, ignorant, chariotless, women and child killing is forbidden according to dharma. He has behaved against dharma, killing sleeping innocent children. If he alive, he will commit sin again, so immediately fulfill your vow by killing him and placing his severed head in front of Draupadi. "
Even after hearing these words of Shri Krishna, Arjuna took pity on his guru son and took Ashwatthama alive in the camp and put him in front of Draupadi. Draupadi, looking at the tied Guru's son like an animal, said, "O Aryaputra, this is the Guru's son. You have gained knowledge of these unique weapons from his father. Acharya Drona is standing in front of you as a son. By killing him, his mother Krupi would be just like me and mourn the son in mourning. She did not sati with Dronacharya because of her special attachment to the son. Kripi's soul will constantly curse me. My dead sons cannot come back after killing him, then you should free him. "Hearing these religious utterances of Draupadi, everyone praised her. To this, Shri Krishna said, "O Arjuna! According to the scriptures, it is a sin not to punish the sinner, so do what is right. "
Realizing his point, Arjuna cut Ashwatthama's head hair with his sword and took out the gem of his forehead. Once Mani came out, he became powerless. Later Shri Krishna cursed Ashwatthama to wander for 3 thousand years. Finally Arjuna expels him from the camp in the same humiliated state. Ashwatthama was the son of Dronacharya. Dronacharya pleased Shiva with his penance and got a son named Ashwatthama .
Ashwatthama had many powers given to him by Shiva. He was incaration of Shiva himself. Since birth, Ashwatthama had a priceless gem on his forehead which kept him fearless from the demons, monster, weapons, disease, deity, serpent etc. Due to this gem, no weapon could be affected. While giving life to Ashwatthama, Draupadi suggested Arjuna to take off his gem. Therefore, Arjuna took his gem and gave him life. Arjuna gave this gem to Draupadi whom Draupadi gave to Yudhishthira.
According to Shiva Mahapuran (Shatrudrasamhita-37) Ashwatthama is still alive and he resides on the banks of the Ganges but it is not stated where his residence is.
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