Tuesday, October 27, 2020
What is reason behind to perform to worship of Govardhana mountain .
In Hinduism, Govardhan Puja is performed on the second day of Deepawali. Human's direct connection with nature is seen in this festival.
Nature is the basis of life. Tree-plants and animals and birds together help us to move forward. In Hinduism, many trees and animals have been given the status of God to show the importance of nature.
Through Hindu religious texts, we knows about the importance of Govardhan Puja. Gau (cow) Mata is worshiped on this day. Govardhan Parvat is a small hill, located in Braj. In the Puranas, Govardhan is described as the king of the mountains and the beloved of Lord Hari. It is seen as the best pilgrimage site of the earth and heaven.
Saturday, October 24, 2020
No any devotee is like than Hanuman ..
Ramanuraga( affection for Rama) of Hanuman ji is well known but his Krishnanuraga(affection for Krishna) is also no less. In Lanka, if he ended the lineage of the wicked Ravana in association with Lord Rama, he favored with Krishna and Arjuna in the Mahabharata war for the establishment of dharma and the destruction of unrighteousness. He himself was sitting on the chariot of Arjuna carrying the flag.
After the Mahabharata war, Shri Krishna asked Arjuna to get off the chariot. After Arjuna, Shreekrishna also left the chariot and also Hanuman including with flag, disappeared from chariot and Arjuna's chariot was destroyed by burning. Seeing this Arjuna was surprise , Lord Krishna said that your chariot had already been burnt to ashes before the divine arrows of Bhishma, Drona, Karna and Ashwatthama. Thats only one reason is that immortal Hanumanji was on your chariot, so your chariot was safe.
Very few people know that Hanuman ji celebrates Ram Navami every year in Ayodhya with great pomp. On the banks of Saryu he feed Bhandara with own hands to the Rama's devotees. To solve the doubts of Devarshi Narada, Lord Shri Krishna also sat with Naradaji in a pangat(row) in Ayodhya. Hanuman changing his form,he was serving Prasad with utmost devotion to the devotees of Rama , when his eyes fell on the feet of a sage. He recognized him and fell at the feet. He started saying - Lord, why did you come to Hanuman, I myself was going to come to Dwarika. Just I was waiting for your order. Devarshi Narada apologized to God and said that I am sad that I doubted your devotee that he would not recognize you in the changed form. After all Hanuman ji is Hanuman ji.
Hanuman ji is a devotee of Rama. He likes the same form of Prabhu Shriram. For ages and years, he contemplate and remember the same form of Lord Shri Ram. He knew that Lord Krishna and Lord Rama had no difference , yet when he met Sri Krishna, Balarama ji and Rukmani ji in Dwarikapuri, he expressed his desire to see them in their own form of Ramavatar and all three fulfilled his wish. While going to Vaikunth loka, Lord Shriram ordered Hanuman and Jamwant to stay on the earth and told them that he would give darshan to them when he incarnated in Dwapar. When Lord Krishna was accused of stealing the Syamantak Mani, he reached the cave of Jamwant in search of it. He also fought with Jamwant. It was during this war that he showed his Rama form to Jamwant. Jamwant became refugee and presented him to his beloved daughter Jamwanti, including Syamantak Mani. At that time Hanuman ji had become known that Prabhu had appeared to Jamwant ji.
At that time Hanuman ji was doing penance on Gandhamadan mountain. Even after thousands of years of penance between Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga, he did not see Lord Rama in the form of Lord Krishna, then Shiva ji reminded Lord Vishnu when he would give darshan to Hanuman. He was not satisfied to Krishna form, then he asked him to show his Rama form.
Very few people know that in Dwarikapuri he went on Lord Krishna's orders and destroyed the garden there as just like he had done in the garden of Ravana. He had also said to Ravana that the tree breaks by saying fruit, the monkey has this nature but he did not say this to Krishna.
Meanwhile, he also broke the pride of God's vehicle Garuda and Sudarshan Chakra. Garuda was proud that there is no one more powerful and faster than that.
When Lord Krishna came to know that a monkey was ravaging the garden of Dwarka, he asked Garuda to go with the army and tackle that monkey out of the state, but Garuda said that he is enough to tackle a monkey away. and he went to the garden alone. Did not take the army together.
There he used his force on Hanuman, then the mighty Hanuman ji wrapped him in his tail and he suffocated. Hanuman ji left him after his pleading .
Garuda ji rushed to Lord Krishna and said that Maharaj is not an ordinary monkey. Then Lord Krishna said that give him my message that Lord Rama has called him. By the time Garuda reached the garden, Hanuman ji had reached Gandhamadan mountain. After reaching there, Garuda gave the message of the Lord to him and also said that he should sit on his shoulder, he would bring him to the Lord as soon as possible. Hanuman Ji said that you go, I am coming and Hanuman ji reached Lord Shri Krishna before him. There he saw his in the form of Rama. Seeing Satyabhama sitting next to him, he said where is Mother Sita and what maid has you kept in her place. Satyabhama's ego went away. In fact, when Lord Krishna had given the Parijat tree to Satyabhama by bringing it from heaven, then she had an ego that the , she is only most beloved wife of God .
Shri Krishna had broken her arrogance through Hanuman. The arrogance of Sudarshan Chakra was also broken by Hanuman. At the time when Garuda ji went to call Hanuman, at the same time God told Sudarshan Chakra that he should stand at the door and not let anyone come in. Sudarshan did the same but Hanuman, not wanting a delay of one minute from Lord Rama, pressed the Sudarshan Chakra under his teeth and when Krishna asked that no one stopped him at the gate, he removed the Sudarshan Chakra from his teeth. Put it at the feet of God and said that it was becoming a barrier in my with you.
Meanwhile, Garuda ji also came. Seeing Hanuman before him, he realized the inferiority of his flying speed. Balarama was also defeated by Hanuman in a mace battle, but he did all this with without arrogance. Mahabali Bhima's ego was also broken by Hanuman on the Gandhamadan mountain. He could not move the tail of Hanuman. The skills of war that Hanuman had taught Bhima were very useful to Bhima in the Mahabharata.
Friday, October 23, 2020
Why did Shri Krishna support only the Pandavas.
It is said that Shri Krishna supported dharma,justice and truth. He did not support the Kauravas, as the Kauravas were believed to be sinners and unrighteous. The Kauravas were stubborn, leery, and cowrdly, but were not the Pandavas all these?
Karma of Kaurava's side -
Bhishma had pressurised Gandhari to marry with Dhritrastra against her desire. On the other hand, Kashi Naresh's three daughters were kidnapped and forced to marry Vichitravirya, one of whom Amba committed suicide. Bhishma was silent when Draupadi was being stripped off in a royal assembly . Similarly Duryodhana has committed countless sins. It is said that Duryodhana was also forcefully married to Bhanumati.
Secondly, he gave poison to Bhima by advice of Shakuni Mama. He had involved in the plan to burn the Pandavas without any crime.
Duryodhana and all his brothers were autocratic(left Vikarna and Yuyutsu). There are stories of Duryodhana's incest and atrocities in the Mahabharata. Duryodhana's stubbornness, arrogance and greed drove people into the fire of war, hence Duryodhana is called the villain of Mahabharata.
It is said that Duryodhana was partially incaration of Kali Yuga, then 100 of his brothers were in previous birth they the demon of Pulastya dynasty. Shakuni provoked Duryodhana and forced the Pandavas to gamble. It was he who control the mind of Gandhari's family.
When Gandhari was pregnant , Dhritarashtra sex with his own maid, she giving him a son named Yuyutsu. Despite being a veteran and knowledgeable, Dhritarashtra never got a justiceful word out of his mouth. In affection of son's love, he never paid attention to the justifiable talk of Gandhari. In this way, there were many people on the Kaurava side who were sinners and evildoers.
Karma of Pandava's side-
Playing gambling was an addiction and sinful work, but Yudhishthira played it knowing this. After constructing Indrapratha, Yudhishthira became the Chakravarti Emperor after the Rajsuya Yagna at that time and was proud of his immense wealth and fame.
Why did he do gambling work even when he had everything? Yudhishthira bets Draupadi and he lose. Wasn't it immoral and unrighteous to put your wife in gambling?
Is it right to make a woman wife of all brothers before this? Couldn't Yudhishthira and Kunti oppose it? Then, being Draupadi, all the Pandavas married other women separately, was this also fair?
Why did Shri Krishna support the Pandavas?
Actually, Yudhishthir accepted to play it despite knowing that the dyut game is an evil. Shakuni and Duryodhana had publicly sent him an invitation and at that time the game was more popular among the Kshatriyas. Duryodhana had only one motive behind sending the invitation to gaming. To grab their state and property from the Pandavas without fighting.
The dyutkrida invitation came as a game played with a sense of friendship in a cordial atmosphere with relatives. Vidur had brought this invitation from Dhritarashtra. In every way, Duryodhana had made sure that Yudhishthira could not reject it without being ridiculed. Yudhishthira accepted it even after Sahadeva's stop and even after his own recusal. Before the gaming, the Pandavas were given a grand welcome, the rivers of harmony and friendship were there, and Yudhishthira was not allowed to realize that he was a fish, which got trapped.
Gradually Duryodhana and Shakuni caught Yudhishthira and Pandava side in their trap. Now, in such a situation, Yudhishthira, who was helpless, wanted to win back his way by winning everything again. At the same time, without taking care of the dharma, he also put his wife at stake. The moral fall of Yudhishthira here is true.
He did what he should never have done as a king, head of a family and an elder brother. Anger, insult, guilt and greed had defeated his conscience.
Here Dharmaraja was alienated from the path of dharma. But at that time, if Duryodhana had even a sense of dharma, he would have freed the Pandavas and left, even if he had kept his kingdom. He was never insult to Draupadi. But he was a sinner. He had sin in mind and the Pandavas were trapped in his trap. Both Yudhishthira and Duryodhana are wrong, but there is a lot of difference in the intention of both and by this difference, even after going contrary to one dharma, Dharmaraja remained and the other fell far below dharma.
Secondly, the competition of Draupadi Swayamvar was won by Arjun itself, but some circumstances were created that even though the five Pandavas had to marry Draupadi, they did not want to. There were many reasons behind this. First, Lord Shiva's boon was given to Draupadi and second due to Kunti, Draupadi became the wife of five Pandavas. Apart from this, Draupadi was going to be married to Arjuna after Arjuna won the competition at Swayamvar. But between the convertion of Yudhishthira and Drupada, there came Vedavyasa and he took King Drupada in solitude and explained to him the boon of Lord Shiva. Drupada then agreed and accepted Draupadi's marriage to all the Pandavas.
In this way we saw that the Pandavas had never left the path of dharma, but every time a situation like trouble started to arise. Actually, the intention of the Pandavas was never bad. They worked only for dharma and truth, but the Kauravas fraudulently used to grab their property and dignity and they were fraudulently sent to exile.
Their early life was also spent in suffering and after years of exile they suffered. But when they returned from exile, they were supposed to get their right but the Kauravas did not give their their right which resulted in war.
In the war, it was natural that Sri Krishna had to side with one. Both Duryodhana and Arjuna were relatives for Lord Krishna. Sri Krishna's son Samb was the son-in-law of Duryodhana. Balaram also had a deep bond and friendship with Arjun and Duryodhana.
In such a situation, for Balaram it was a dire thing. Balarama had also explained to Shri Krishna that you should not fall in between the battle of the two, but Krishna did not listen to Balarama.
Sri Krishna analyzed both sides and he knew who was right and who was wrong.
When he told Arjuna that you had to choose me or one of my Narayani army in the war, then Arjuna chose Sri Krishna . Duryodhana was very happy with this selection, because Duryodhana wanted to Sri Krishna's army would come on my side.
Earlier, there were many occasions when the Pandavas expressed their devotion to Shri Krishna and Duryodhana had insulted Krishna. The Kaurava side never accepted Sri Krishna's words, just as Duryodhana had displayed indignant anger in front of him when he took the treaty proposal. Therefore, there were many reasons which showed that the Kauravas side was unrighteous and the Pandava side was righteous.
Sunday, October 18, 2020
Vikarna : The only Kaurava who to oppose Draupadi's cheera-harana.
The story of Mahabharata and the cycle of events are such that there is less talk about that. Every time there is an event cycle or a character that is left. Whereas, every small and big character of Mahabharata has an important relationship with every incident. The most important incident of Mahabharata was the Cheera-haran of Draupadi. This incident created a gap between Pandavas and Kauravas that deepened over time. Then one day all the important characters of Mahabharata went into that ditch. But there was someone among them, who was known for his dharma-karma work even after this fierce war. Although he was Kaurava, but perhaps he was the only person who did not support the brothers in incident of Draupadi's Cheer-haran.
The name of that great warrior is Vikarna!
There are many serials have been made on story of Mahabharata and how many books have been written, but one of the characters who has not been judged in the time of overcrowding is Vikarna. Vikarna was the only Kaurava involved in the war of Mahabharata who supported lifelong dharma. While each Kaurava was unrighteous and plotting against his own family, Vikarna was such a Kaurava who went against his other brothers and tried hard to establish dharma, but despite this, the Vikarna was not given much space in the Mahabharata story. While following the path of dharma Vikarna tried hard to convince his unrighteous brothers, who were mad with pride of power, but due to he not being able to calm the flame of their anger, he could not convince them, which resulted in the war of Mahabharata. All the Kauravas, including Vikarna, were killed, whose blood turned the land of Kurukshetra red.
So for today, let us we take the curtain from the character of Vikarna and know how this courage came in him.
Whenever it comes to Kauravas, the name of Duryodhana or Dushasana is mostly taken. Vikarna was the name of the another brother of the Kauravas, whose necessary and war skill's education was done under the supervision of Kripacharya, Dronacharya and Bhishma himself, but he is ignored in most of the articles for not giving an important place in the Mahabharata.
In the Mahabharata, apart from Duryodhana and Dushasasana, there is only the Vikarna which has more fame. People do not know much about other Kauravas. Although Yuyatsu is also a famous son of Dhritarashtra, but due to being a maid's son, he did not get the honor he deserved. However, Yuyutsu was the only one among the Kauravas who survived after the Mahabharata war. Among the Kauravas, Vikarna was the one which became famous due to his good character.
Like other Kauravas, Vikarna were also born from the collop delivered by Gandhari by the grace of Maharishi Vyas. It is said that all the Kauravas were good character in their childhood, but due to the association of Duryodhana and Dushasan, they all became unrighteous like them. But the only Vikarna of them was one that never let his character and thought fall. In the Mahabharata, in childhood, there is also a description about Vikarna advice to Duryodhana not to be hostile to Bhima. Apart from this, the Vikarna kept continue giving suitable suggestions to Duryodhana.
Although Duryodhana was very arrogant but loved his brothers very much. Duryodhana does not have any kind of malice towards any of his brothers in the Mahabharata. He may not follow the words of his brothers, but he used to give importance to their suggestions. Among the Kauravas, only Vikarna was the one who repeatedly advised Duryodhana to make a treaty with the Pandavas. However, no one gave importance to this matter. Vikarna was also present at the Draupadi's Swayamvara with Duryodhana.
Along with other Kauravas, the education of Vikarna was also completed first by Kripacharya and later by Guru Dronacharya. Although Vikarna was proficient in the operation of many types of weapons, but his skill was more in archery. While being archers like Karna and Arjuna, Vikarna never gained fame as a great archer, but in the Mahabharata, it is mentioned at many places that Vikarna was also an amazing archer. Dronacharya himself was also a big fan of Vikarna's archery. Describing the warriors of the Kaurava and Pandava sides before the Mahabharata war, Pitamaha Bhishma placed Vikarna as a Rathi and counted him among the chief warriors of the Kauravas.
When the Pandavas were humiliated by being slaves after being defeated in gaming, Vikarna did not say anything, but when Duryodhana ordered Draupadi's Cheer-haran in a packed assembly, seeing that someone not opposing else in that assembly . Vikarna had vocally opposed this work. Apart from Mahatma Vidur in that assembly, there was only Vikarna who openly opposed Draupadi's Cheer-haran. It is said that Duryodhana was so enraged at the way Vikarna protested that he got up to kill Vikarna. However, Karna later stopped him from doing so.
Opposing Cheera-haran, Vikarna also made an argument that caused all Kauravas, including Duryodhana, to become silent. Vikarna said - "Oh brother! Bhratashree Yudhishthira may have stake Bhabhishree Draupadi, but he is not only her husband. The other Pandava brothers are also Draupadi's husband and they have also possess right as brother Yudhishthira. Therefore Bhrata Yudhishthira had no right to stake his wife at stake without the consent of his brothers. Therefore, this bet of Dhyutkrida should be declared invalid. "Duryodhana became speechless after saying this by Vikarna, but he heard the various arguments by Karna,Shakuni etc. and came under pride and didn't listen to his younger brother.
Vikarna also played an important role in the Mahabharata war. Like Bhishma, Drona, Vidur, etc., Vikarna also made several attempts to avert this war, but every effort was ultimately in vain. Knowing that he is in favor of wrongdoing and the defeat of the Kauravas is certain, he did not leave Duryodhana and decided to fight in his favor. Here we see the same kind of fraternity in Vikarna as that of Kumbhakarna ,who was younger brother of demon's king Ravana. Kumbhakarna had also condemned Ravana , for the work done by him but did not leave him till the end. On the other hand Yuyutsu can be compared to Vibhishana, who left his brother for dharma.
On the fourth day of the battle, Vikarna attempted to stop Abhimanyu and the two fought fiercely. In that battle, Vikarna had forcibly back Abhimanyu's chariot several times but eventually he got defeated by Abhimanyu. On the fifth day of the battle, Vikarna tried to break the protective armor made by Mahishmati's army alone but he could not succeed due to Bhima's arrival there. On the seventh day of the war, he saved many of his brothers from Bhima's wrath. On the tenth day of the battle he single-handedly stopped the chariot of Arjuna and Shikhandi from going towards Bhishma but then Maharaj Drupada challenged him for, which gave Arjuna a chance to move on.
In the Mahabharata war, Vikarna emaciated the Pandava army by killing the chief warriors of Pandava army, Chitrauddha and Chitrayodhin. Apart from them, he killed many warriors of the Pandava army in the war. Among the prominent warriors of the Pandava army, especially his war with Nakula, Sahadeva and Ghatotkacha, in which he showed extraordinary valor. On the thirteenth day of the war, when many Maharathis killed Abhimanyu, he remained silent but he had no active role in Abhimanyu's slaughter.
On the fourteenth day of the battle, when Bhima was in extreme rage and was looking for Dushasan, Duryodhana sent Vikarna to stop Bhima. When the Vikarna comes to in front of Bhima, the conversation between them is very emotional. While searching of Dushasan, when Bhima saw Vikarna coming in front of him, he said, "O younger brother , do not fight with me today because I do not want to kill you. I have not forgotten , only you were opposed the Cheera-haran of Panchali . If you fight with me today, you will surely be killed by me. So you go and fight with another warrior. "
On seeing Bhima speaking like this, then Vikarna said - "O brother! I know that I cannot defeat you and my death is certain if you fight with me, but still I must will fight you for my brother. I had opposed Bhabhishree's Cheera-harana in the dhyutkrida because it was my dharma at that time and today I am stopping you in this battlefield because now this is also my dharma. "This statement of Vikarna shows his bright character and firm determination.
Thereafter, Vikarna fought with Bhima and he received Veergati (death in battle field) by his hands . After Vikarna's death, Bhima's cry is also mentioned in the Mahabharata. Seeing the dead body of Vikarna, Bhima cries - "O younger brother ! Just like a lotus blooms in mud, similarly you were the best character among all Kauravas. Like Pitamah, you too had knowledge of dharma. Today by killing you , I feel as if I have lost a Pandava. If I had to break my pledge to protect the life of a brother like you, I would not regret it. "
Draupadi was also deeply saddened by the death of Vikarna because at the time of Cheera-harana, Vikarna was the only one who stood by her side. Even though the character of Vikarna in the Mahabharata is not as outspoken, but in history, his name will always remain immortal as the only true character and Kaurava who has knowledge of dharma.
Vikarna was the only Kaurava who not only raised voice against this act of his eldest brother but also tried to convince Duryodhana and Dushasan till the end that it was wrong to do so. Although all these attempts of Vikarna failed, it proved one thing that not only the unrighteous sons but also the follower of dharma ,a son was born from Gandhari's womb.
It was possible that he become a bigger archer than Arjun.
Like the rest of all the Kauravas, Vikarna was raised like a prince, but his ethics remained different from the rest of the Kauravas. This quality of his was also seen in the field of education. There was no one among the Kauravas who could be a good archer like Pandu's son Arjun, but Vikarna had amazing talent. He learned archery from Guru Drona and Kripacharya.
After the end of education, when the time of Gurudakshina came, the Kauravas asked Acharya Drona what he wanted in Guru Dakshina? Drona said that I want you all to face Drupada's army and defeat him in battle.
The Kauravas followed Acharya's orders. Acharya Drona knew that if not Duryodhana, at least Vikarna has the courage that he can target the Drupada's army with his arrows.
However, Duryodhana kept Vikarna behind in the battle. Actually he wanted to show his courage. Ultimately the Kauravas could not face Drupada's army. After this the Pandavas did this work and they won with the army of Drupada.
It was only after victory in this war that everyone considered Arjun's unique archery talent. It is believed that if Duryodhana had not show only own courage himself, he would have won the battle on the help of Vikarna and he would have been a better archer than Arjuna.
In the Bhagavad Gita, Vikarna is depicted as a great warrior. According to Bhagwat, if there was any great archer in the Kaurava army apart from Karna and Ashwatthama, it was Vikarna. But due to the presence of Bhishma, Drona, Kripacharya, Eklavya, Ashwatthama, Karna and Arjuna in the Mahabharata, Vikarna was always kept separate.
Many historians and mythological experts experience the same condition between Vikarna and Kumbhakarna. Although both the wars took place in separate yuga, but there was much in common between the two. Just as Kumbhakarna was also involved in the Ram-Ravana war to support his brother despite being a follower of dharma and justice, in the same way, Vikarna also joined the war of Mahabharata that occurred only because of his unrighteous brother. Kumbhakarna also knew well that Ravana's victory over Lord Rama was impossible; similarly, despite predicting the outcome of the Mahabharata war, Vikarna also became part of the Mahabharata to support his brother. Both of them lost their lives in the war.
However, if there was give more importance on the character of Vikarna in the Mahabharata, it would have been counted among the best warriors after the Pandavas. The situation in the Mahabharata of Vikarna was not much different from the Kumbhakarana of the Ramayana. Both of these brothers knew that what their elder brothers are doing unrighteous work, but they had to support them to keep the promise of their brother.
But Vikarna was such a great warrior who, knowing that despite walking on the path of dharma, he had to receive death because of his brother, he neither left his brother nor his dharma. In such a situation, it would not be wrong to say that the next time we mention the great warriors of Mahabharata as Pandavas and Krishna, we should not forget the name of great Vikarna.
Friday, October 16, 2020
Dhyutkrida .... A well planned conspiracy against the Pandavas by Shakuni and Duryodhna.
Duryodhana always looked at the Pandavas with hatred, but since when he return from Indraprastha, there was no limit to his anger and jealousy. Seeing Yudhishthira gaining prestige as the almighty king in the Rajsuya Yagna, his heart was burning with envy. Everyone loved the Pandavas. Therefore, he could not harm them any more and would always worried about their progress. In such a state, he took refuge of his maternal uncle Shakuni. Shakuni, who was clever and pretentious by nature, advised Duryodhana to invite Yudhishthira for Dhyutikrida. Yudhishthira was very much interested in the game of Chauras, but since the Rajasuya Yajna, he took an oath not to touch the dice.
Duryodhana was very happy to hear this plan and asked his father Dhritarashtra to invite Pandavas to Hastinapur for Dhyutkrida.
Dhritarashtra did not like his plan. He said to his son, "If you continue to behave like this, you will be responsible for your own destruction." Dhritarashtra called Vidur and asked for his advice. Vidur vehemently opposed Shakuni's plan, but Duryodhana got King Dhritarashtra agree to his proposal by threatening suicide.
Vidur was entrusted with the task of inviting Yudhishthira.
Seeing Vidura suddenly at Indraprastha, Yudhishthira was very surprised and asked, "You seem unhappy, what is the reason for this?" He replied, "I have been ordered that I invite all of you to dhyutkrida?" I consider such a game as destructive because it promotes enmity and unrest. Next, do what you think is appropriate. "
Yudhishthira decided that he would accept this challenge as a Kshatriya and would go to Hastinapur. He walked towards Hastinapur with Kunti, Draupadi and his four brothers. On reaching there, it was known that a special auditorium was built for Dhyutkrida. The game started in the presence of Dhritarashtra, Bhishma, Dronacharya, kripacharya,Vidur etc. at Krida Bhawan.
Duryodhana said, "Mama Shakuni will throw the dice on my behalf."
Yudhishthira knew that it was against the rules to play bets on anyone's behalf. He also knew that Shakuni would cheat, but he could not say anything. He started playing. Yudhishthira lost. He put other ornaments at stake. Shakuni threw his dice very cleverly and again Yudhishthira's bet was empty. First the jewelery then the cattle, then the slave-maid, money-wealth, then the palace, then the village, one by one he lost everything.
Duryodhana said, "Now what will be at stake?"
Yudhishthira had nothing left. He staked younger brother Nakula. He was lost again. Like the loser gamblers, he kept staking all the brothers one after the other, losing consciousness . Gradually every bet went against him. After that he staked himself. Again he was lost. And thus all the Pandava brothers became slaves of the Kauravas.
"Draupadi!" Shakuni loudly laughing and said, "You can put Draupadi at stake". Duryodhana also said, "Yes, in this way you can win everything back." Vidur shouted from the silent audience, "Stop, stop all this." Duryodhana, now finish the game, I will not let any more evil happen. "But Duryodhana did not listen to any thing, he was eager to get the answer of Yudhishthira.
Yudhishthira was thinking, "Draupadi? How can I stake Draupadi on bet?" Then thought, "I might win this time. Yes, if I play once I can win." And he also put Draupadi at stake. The dice were thrown and he lost again. In this way Yudhishthira lost Draupadi too.
There was silence in the entire assembly - as if all the members's senses were lost. Duryodhana ordered, "Let that arrogant Draupadi be brought into the assembly, now she is our maid." He sent his brother Dushasan to bring Draupadi.
Undoubtedly Bhima, Arjun etc. were very angry. But after losing his royalty, clothes and ornaments, they were all Duryodhana's servants. Suddenly, Dushasan caught Draupadi's hairs, dragged her, brought her in front of everyone in assembly . Weeping- crying, humiliated Draupadi begged Vidur ,Dronacharya , Kripacharya and Bhishma, "This cannot be true. Tell me is it true that Yudhishthira has lost me in dhyutkrida (gambling)?"
Bhishma ,Drona, Kripacharya and Vidur bowed their heads with shame. They were unable to answer anything.
Draupadi then asked the question , "Did Yudhishthira bet himself first? Then how can he stacked me on bet? If he himself was not independent, how could he stacked me on bet, I am an independent woman?" All the people present, especially Duryodhana's brother Vikarna, supported Draupadi that Yudhishthira had lost this right after losing himself.
But Duryodhana roarly said, "No, when Yudhishthira staked all his possessions and he lost then he was also lost Draupadi on bet." Just then at the behest of Karna, Duryodhana commanded Dushasana, while slapping his hand on his thigh, to make Draupadi clothless. The gathering was stunned. Draupadi was fell on her knees, begging Shri Krishna to protect her honor.
Draupadi's cloth was increasing at the same speed as Dushasan was try to undressed Draupadi at a rapid pace. It seemed that it is impossible to remove Draupadi's clothes. Dushasan kept pulling her clothes till he was exhausted and crushed. But still he was not able to undress Draupadi.
Seeing Draupadi sobbing and humiliated, Bhima became enraged. Enraged, he swore that one day he would definitely break Duryodhana's thigh from his gada( mace ) and drink Dushasan's chest blood. The all members of assembly were frightened and stunned listening to Bhima's oath. Dhritarashtra got nervous after hearing all this.
Vidur advised, "King Dhritarashtra called Draupadi and said," I am sorry, my sons mistreated you. I free you . Tell me whatever you wish, I will fulfill it. "
Draupadi expressed her desire for the liberation of the Pandavas. Dhritarashtra said to the Pandavas, "All of you go to Indraprastha and rule there peacefully."
But Duryodhana came to his father trembling with anger and said, "What have you done to this? I had taken away everything from them, why did you return them? Call them again, we will play the game once more." If they are lost this time also, they will have to undergo twelve years of exile and one years of secret residence . If they are identified then the same sequence will be applied again. If I lost in gambling, I will also accept the same punishment. "
Immersed in son's love, the weak King Dhritarashtra again called the Pandavas for Dhyutikrida according to Duryodhana's statement. Duryodhana challenged him and forced him to accept his condition. The Pandavas lost again.
What a sad moment! The Pandavas were to remain in the forest for twelve years and after the exile was over, they had to spend one year in the unknown place. If they are identified, then penalty of living in the forest for twelve years will be paid….
With tearful eyes and a sad heart, all the Pandava brothers left with Draupadi and departure for the forest. Teardrop flowed out of the eyes of elders and people present. Everyone was forced to keep watching the game of luck.
Sunday, October 4, 2020
Kansa: The story before Krishna's birth .
If we see the relation of Mama(maternal uncle )then there is a very respectful relationship. The sound of the word Mama is pronounced twice in the sound of the word Maa(mother). But in the mythological history of Hindus, there have been two maternal uncles who have made this relationship the object of ridicule and cruelty forever. A maternal uncle Shakuni, a maternal uncle Kansa and both happened at the time of Lord Sri Vishnu's Krishnaavatar. While Shakuni was the maternal uncle of the Kauravas, Kansa himself belonged to Lord Krishna.
Kansa is one of the biggest villains of our Indian mythology. His sins were so strong, ruthlessness so intense and tyranny was so inhuman that Dwapar yuga was shivering in his name. He found the name of Kansa Mama in history by ruthlessly killing six children of his own sister Devaki. Even today, when a maternal uncle crosses the limits of his relationships, he use to received the title of Kansa Mama.
It is also known to famous in world that Kansa really loved his sister Devaki very much. His love for Devaki was so intense that Kansa himself carried his sister's doli (palanquin) on his shoulders at the time of her departure after marriage. Kansa was frightened after the listening of Akashvani, which announced that, he will be killed by Devaki's eighth child. And he committed atrocities, which cannot be compared to anyone in history nor imagination.
Despite being children of religious parents, how did such devilish tendencies awaken in him. He loved his sister more than life ,but how he could torture her? The answer to all these questions is one and it is astonishing - Kansa was not the real brother of Devaki! how,
Kansa was an Asura in his previous life!
There is no doubt that Kansa was powerful and had immense knowledge of weaponry. On his strength, he ruled in Mathura for years. But this is a matter of thinking that how can a human being be so cruel that his own sister, brother-in-law, parents can be imprisoned. Try to kill the unborn nephew. He wreaked havoc on the public and did all the work that indicated demonic tendencies.
She returned to the palace and then returned to her husband Ugrasen.
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