Showing posts with label Mahabharata. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mahabharata. Show all posts

Tuesday, October 27, 2020

What is reason behind to perform to worship of Govardhana mountain .

What is reason behind to perform to worship of Govardhana mountain .

Why Shree Krishna lift Govardhana mountain on little finger.

In Hinduism, Govardhan Puja is performed on the second day of Deepawali.  Human's direct connection with nature is seen in this festival.
Nature is the basis of life.  Tree-plants and animals and birds together help us to move forward.  In Hinduism, many trees and animals have been given the status of God to show the importance of nature.

Through Hindu religious texts, we knows about the importance of Govardhan Puja.  Gau (cow) Mata is worshiped on this day.  Govardhan Parvat is a small hill, located in Braj.  In the Puranas, Govardhan is described as the king of the mountains and the beloved of Lord Hari.  It is seen as the best pilgrimage site of the earth and heaven.

The tradition of Govardhan Puja was started by Shri Krishna during the Mahabharata period.  Govardhan Puja is performed on the day of Kartik Shukla Paksha Pratipada.  There is a story associated with Govardhan Puja which is as follows: -
Once Indra Dev became very proud of his powers.  Therefore, Shri Krishna thought of destroying the arrogance of Indra Dev.  To accomplish this task, he created a leela.
The mother of Shri Krishna and all Braj's people  were preparing to worship Indra Dev.  Krishna ji asked his mother very innocently, Maiya, whose worship are you all preparing for?  Then Mata told that they are all preparing to worship Indra Dev.
Krishna ji asked his mother the reason for worshiping Indra Dev.  Then Maiya told that Indra is gods of rains and from that we get grain and our cows get grass .  Hearing this, Krishna ji immediately said, "My mother, if cow grazes on Mount Govardhan, so it should be revered for us."
Krishna ji told the villagers that for our climate, we should greet Govardhan Parvat and not  to Indra Dev. Lord Krishna argued to the people of Gokul that we do not get any benefit from Indra.  Rain is his job and he only does his work, while Govardhan Parvat promotes and protects cow-wealth, which also purifies the environment. So we Govardhan should be worshiped not Indra.
There is such an interpretation in the scriptures that every year the people of Vrindavan used to offer a lot of offerings to please Lord Indra.  So that Lord Indra will be happy and keep his grace on the farmers and keep raining according to the crops from time to time.  Shree Krishna realized that in doing so, the burden on the farmers increases and they spends a large part of his income to please Lord Indra. Shree Krishna asked the farmers to stop offering to Indra and feed his family with his income.

All the peoples of Braj agreed to Shri Krishna and worshiped Govardhan Parvat in place of Indradev. When Indra knew that the peasants had stopped offering, he got angry and started hurling havoc on the people of Vrindavan.

Indra Dev became very angry with this and started torrential rain.  Gradually this rain took the form of flood.  Now the lives of all the peoples of Braj were in trouble. It rained for several days.  All  the peoples of Vrindavans came to Krishna in fear of losing their lives and asked to remedy for their safety.
Then Krishna ji lifted the Govardhan mountain on his little finger to protect everyone's life from rain.
All the peoples of Braj took refuge under Govardhan mountain .  Seeing this, Indra Dev became more angry and he increased the speed of rain even more.  Then Shri Krishna asked Sudarshan Chakra to control the speed of rain by staying on the top of the mountain and asked Sheshnag to stop the water from reaching towards the mountain.
Indra Dev continuously showered night and day.  After a long time, he realized that Krishna is not an ordinary human being.  Then he went to Brahma ji.  Then he came to know that Shri Krishna is none other than Shri Hari himself as an incarnation of Vishnu.  On hearing this, he goes to Shri Krishna and starts apologizing to him.  After this, Devaraja Indra worshiped Krishna and offered him reverence .  Since then, the tradition of Govardhan Puja has been begun.  It is believed that Lord Krishna is pleased by worshiping Govardhan mountain and cows on this day.
It is believed that Lord Krishna's purpose behind to destroy Indra's ego was that all the peoples of Braj should understand and protect the importance of cows and environment.  Even today, cows have special importance in our lives.  Even today, milk given by cows holds a very important place in our lives.  But it is a matter of regret that we do not worry  about taking care of the cow which we treat like a mother and worship her.
Although cow slaughter is a crime in the country, but despite this, on many occasions in many parts of the country, we hear reports of illegal cow slaughter.  Enthusiasts of cow-meat should understand that they fill their stomach by killing such an important creature.  On the occasion of this coming Govardhan Puja, let us take a pledge that at our level, we will all try our best to protect cow and not just cows but we will be ready to protect the whole nature. 
Shri Krishna has told through this incident that two parties are involved in increasing corruption.  One who demands undue benefits for the performance of duties, the other who doing to provides benefit from such demands without consideration and opposition. Indra is the king of the clouds, but rain is his duty.  For this, it is not necessary to worship him or perform yajna for him.  Protest on unreasonable demands is necessary.  Those who bribe an officer or public representative to fulfill his / her duties are also guilty of spreading corruption.

Saturday, October 24, 2020

No any devotee is like than Hanuman ..

No any devotee is like than Hanuman ..

Ramanuraga( affection for Rama) of Hanuman ji is well known but his Krishnanuraga(affection for Krishna) is also no less.  In Lanka, if he ended the lineage of the wicked Ravana in association with Lord Rama, he favored with Krishna and Arjuna in the Mahabharata war for the establishment of dharma and the destruction of unrighteousness.  He himself was sitting on the chariot of Arjuna carrying the flag.

After the Mahabharata war, Shri Krishna asked Arjuna to get off the chariot.  After Arjuna, Shreekrishna also left the chariot and also Hanuman including with flag,  disappeared from chariot and Arjuna's chariot was destroyed by burning.  Seeing this Arjuna was surprise , Lord Krishna said that your chariot had already been burnt to ashes before the divine arrows of Bhishma, Drona, Karna and Ashwatthama. Thats only one reason is that immortal Hanumanji was on your chariot, so your chariot was safe.

Very few people know that Hanuman ji celebrates Ram Navami every year in Ayodhya with great pomp.  On the banks of Saryu he feed Bhandara with own hands to the Rama's devotees.  To solve the doubts of Devarshi Narada, Lord Shri Krishna also sat with Naradaji in a pangat(row) in Ayodhya.  Hanuman changing his form,he was serving Prasad with utmost devotion to the devotees of Rama , when his eyes fell on the feet of a sage.  He recognized him and fell at the feet.  He started saying - Lord, why did you come to Hanuman, I myself was going to come to Dwarika.  Just I was waiting for your order. Devarshi Narada apologized to God and said that I am sad that I doubted your devotee that he would not recognize you in the changed form. After all Hanuman ji is Hanuman ji.

Hanuman ji is a devotee of Rama.  He likes the same form of Prabhu Shriram.  For ages and years, he contemplate and remember the same form of Lord Shri Ram. He knew that Lord Krishna and Lord Rama had no difference , yet when he met Sri Krishna, Balarama ji and Rukmani ji in Dwarikapuri, he expressed his desire to see them in their own form of Ramavatar and all three fulfilled his wish.  While going to Vaikunth loka, Lord Shriram ordered Hanuman and Jamwant to stay on the earth and told them that he would give darshan to them when he incarnated in Dwapar. When Lord Krishna was accused of stealing the Syamantak Mani, he reached the cave of Jamwant in search of it.  He also fought with Jamwant.  It was during this war that he showed his Rama form to Jamwant. Jamwant became refugee and presented him to his beloved daughter Jamwanti, including Syamantak Mani.  At that time Hanuman ji had become known that Prabhu had appeared to Jamwant ji.

At that time Hanuman ji was doing penance on Gandhamadan mountain.  Even after thousands of years of penance between Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga, he did not see Lord Rama in the form of Lord Krishna, then Shiva ji reminded Lord Vishnu when he would give darshan to Hanuman.  He  was not satisfied to Krishna form, then he asked him to show his Rama form.
Very few people know that in Dwarikapuri he went on Lord Krishna's orders and destroyed the garden there as just like he had done in the garden of Ravana.  He had also said to Ravana that the tree breaks by saying fruit, the monkey has this nature but he did not say this to Krishna.

Meanwhile, he also broke the pride of God's vehicle Garuda and Sudarshan Chakra.  Garuda was proud that there is no one more powerful and faster than that.

When Lord Krishna came to know that a monkey was ravaging the garden of Dwarka, he asked Garuda to go with the army and tackle that monkey out of the state, but Garuda said that he is enough to tackle a monkey away.  and he went to the garden alone.  Did not take the army together.

There he used his force on Hanuman, then the mighty Hanuman ji wrapped him in his tail and he suffocated.  Hanuman ji left him after his pleading .

Garuda ji rushed to Lord Krishna and said that Maharaj is not an ordinary monkey.  Then Lord Krishna said that give him my message that Lord Rama has called him.  By the time Garuda reached the garden, Hanuman ji had reached Gandhamadan mountain.  After reaching there, Garuda gave the message of the Lord to him and also said that he should sit on his shoulder, he would bring him to the Lord as soon as possible.  Hanuman Ji said that you go, I am coming and Hanuman ji reached Lord Shri Krishna before him.  There he saw his in the form of Rama. Seeing Satyabhama sitting next to him, he said where is Mother Sita and what maid has you kept in her place.  Satyabhama's ego went away.  In fact, when Lord Krishna had given the Parijat tree to Satyabhama by bringing it from heaven, then she had an ego that the , she is only most beloved wife of God .

Shri Krishna had broken her arrogance through Hanuman.  The arrogance of Sudarshan Chakra was also broken by Hanuman.  At the time when Garuda ji went to call Hanuman, at the same time God told Sudarshan Chakra that he should stand at the door and not let anyone come in. Sudarshan did the same but Hanuman, not wanting a delay of one minute from Lord Rama, pressed the Sudarshan Chakra under his teeth and when Krishna asked that no one stopped him at the gate, he removed the Sudarshan Chakra from his teeth.  Put it at the feet of God and said that it was becoming a barrier in my with you.

Meanwhile, Garuda ji also came.  Seeing Hanuman before him, he realized the inferiority of his flying speed.  Balarama was also defeated by Hanuman in a mace battle, but he did all this with without arrogance.  Mahabali Bhima's ego was also broken by Hanuman on the Gandhamadan mountain.  He could not move the tail of Hanuman.  The skills of war that Hanuman had taught Bhima were very useful to Bhima in the Mahabharata.  

Friday, October 23, 2020

Why did Shri Krishna support only the Pandavas.

Why did Shri Krishna support only the Pandavas.

It is said that Shri Krishna supported dharma,justice and truth.  He did not support the Kauravas, as the Kauravas were believed to be sinners and unrighteous.  The Kauravas were stubborn, leery, and cowrdly, but were not the Pandavas all these?

Karma of Kaurava's side - 

Bhishma had pressurised Gandhari to marry with Dhritrastra against her desire.  On the other hand, Kashi Naresh's three daughters were kidnapped and forced to marry Vichitravirya, one of whom Amba committed suicide.  Bhishma was silent when Draupadi was being stripped off in a royal assembly .  Similarly Duryodhana has committed countless sins.  It is said that Duryodhana was also forcefully married to Bhanumati.

Secondly, he gave poison to Bhima by advice of Shakuni Mama.  He had involved in the plan to burn the Pandavas without any crime.

Duryodhana and all his brothers were autocratic(left Vikarna and Yuyutsu).  There are stories of Duryodhana's incest and atrocities in the Mahabharata.  Duryodhana's stubbornness, arrogance and greed drove people into the fire of war, hence Duryodhana is called the villain of Mahabharata.

It is said that Duryodhana was partially incaration of Kali Yuga, then 100 of his brothers were in previous birth they the demon of Pulastya dynasty.  Shakuni provoked Duryodhana and forced the Pandavas to gamble.  It was he who control  the mind of Gandhari's family.

When Gandhari was pregnant , Dhritarashtra sex with his own maid,  she giving him a son named Yuyutsu.  Despite being a veteran and knowledgeable, Dhritarashtra never got a justiceful word out of his mouth.  In affection of son's love, he never paid attention to the justifiable talk of Gandhari.  In this way, there were many people on the Kaurava side who were sinners and evildoers.

Karma of Pandava's side-

Playing gambling was an addiction and sinful work, but Yudhishthira played it knowing this.  After constructing Indrapratha, Yudhishthira became the Chakravarti Emperor after the Rajsuya Yagna at that time and was proud of his immense wealth and fame.

Why did he do gambling work even when he had everything?  Yudhishthira bets Draupadi and he lose.  Wasn't it immoral and unrighteous to put your wife in gambling?

Is it right to make a woman wife of all brothers before this?  Couldn't Yudhishthira and Kunti oppose it?  Then, being Draupadi, all the Pandavas married other women separately, was this also fair?

Why did Shri Krishna support the Pandavas?

Actually, Yudhishthir accepted to play it despite knowing that the dyut game is an evil.  Shakuni and Duryodhana had publicly sent him an invitation and at that time the game was more popular among the Kshatriyas.  Duryodhana had only one motive behind sending the invitation to gaming.  To grab their state and property from the Pandavas without fighting.

The dyutkrida invitation came as a game played with a sense of friendship in a cordial atmosphere with relatives.  Vidur had brought this invitation from Dhritarashtra.  In every way, Duryodhana had made sure that Yudhishthira could not reject it without being ridiculed. Yudhishthira accepted it even after Sahadeva's stop and even after his own recusal.  Before the gaming, the Pandavas were given a grand welcome, the rivers of harmony and friendship were there, and Yudhishthira was not allowed to realize that he was a fish, which got trapped.

Gradually Duryodhana and Shakuni caught Yudhishthira and Pandava side in their trap.  Now, in such a situation, Yudhishthira, who was helpless, wanted to win back his way by winning everything again.  At the same time, without taking care of the dharma, he also put his wife at stake.  The moral fall of Yudhishthira here is true.

He did what he should never have done as a king, head of a family and an elder brother.  Anger, insult, guilt and greed had defeated his conscience.

Here Dharmaraja was alienated from the path of dharma.  But at that time, if Duryodhana had even a sense of dharma, he would have freed the Pandavas and left, even if he had kept his kingdom. He was  never insult to Draupadi.  But he was a sinner. He had sin in mind and the Pandavas were trapped in his trap.  Both Yudhishthira and Duryodhana are wrong, but there is a lot of difference in the intention of both and by this difference, even after going contrary to one dharma, Dharmaraja remained and the other fell far below dharma.

Secondly, the competition of Draupadi Swayamvar was won by Arjun itself, but some circumstances were created that even though the five Pandavas had to marry Draupadi, they did not want to.  There were many reasons behind this.  First, Lord Shiva's boon was given to Draupadi and second due to Kunti, Draupadi became the wife of five Pandavas. Apart from this, Draupadi was going to be married to Arjuna after Arjuna won the competition at Swayamvar.  But between the convertion of Yudhishthira and Drupada, there came Vedavyasa and he took King Drupada in solitude and explained to him the boon of Lord Shiva.  Drupada then agreed and accepted Draupadi's marriage to all the Pandavas.

In this way we saw that the Pandavas had never left the path of dharma, but every time a situation like trouble started to arise.  Actually, the intention of the Pandavas was never bad.  They worked only for dharma and truth, but the Kauravas fraudulently used to grab their property and dignity and they were fraudulently sent to exile.

Their early life was also spent in suffering and after years of exile they suffered.  But when they returned from exile, they were supposed to get their right but the Kauravas did not give their their right which resulted in war.

In the war, it was natural that Sri Krishna had to side with one.  Both Duryodhana and Arjuna were relatives for Lord Krishna.  Sri Krishna's son Samb was the son-in-law of Duryodhana.  Balaram also had a deep bond and friendship with Arjun and Duryodhana.

In such a situation, for Balaram it was a dire thing.  Balarama had also explained to Shri Krishna that you should not fall in between the battle of the two, but Krishna did not listen to Balarama.
 Sri Krishna analyzed both sides and he knew who was right and who was wrong.

When he told Arjuna that you had to choose me or one of my Narayani army in the war, then Arjuna chose Sri Krishna .  Duryodhana was very happy with this selection, because Duryodhana wanted to  Sri Krishna's army would come on my side.

Earlier, there were many occasions when the Pandavas expressed their devotion to Shri Krishna and Duryodhana had insulted Krishna.  The Kaurava side never accepted Sri Krishna's words, just as Duryodhana had displayed indignant anger in front of him when he took the treaty proposal.  Therefore, there were many reasons which showed that the Kauravas side was unrighteous and the Pandava side was righteous.

Sunday, October 18, 2020

Vikarna : The only Kaurava who to oppose Draupadi's cheera-harana.

Vikarna : The only Kaurava who to oppose Draupadi's cheera-harana.

The story of Mahabharata and the cycle of events are such that there is less talk about that. Every time there is an event cycle or a character that is left. Whereas, every small and big character of Mahabharata has an important relationship with every incident. The most important incident of Mahabharata was the Cheera-haran of Draupadi. This incident created a gap between Pandavas and Kauravas that deepened over time. Then one day all the important characters of Mahabharata went into that ditch. But there was someone among them, who was known for his dharma-karma work even after this fierce war.  Although he was Kaurava, but perhaps he was the only person who did not support the brothers in incident of Draupadi's Cheer-haran.
The name of that great warrior is Vikarna!
There are many serials have been made on story of Mahabharata and how many books have been written, but one of the characters who has not been judged in the time of overcrowding is Vikarna. Vikarna was the only Kaurava involved in the war of Mahabharata who supported lifelong dharma. While each Kaurava was unrighteous and plotting against his own family, Vikarna was such a Kaurava who went against his other brothers and tried hard to establish dharma, but despite this, the Vikarna was not given much space in the Mahabharata story. While following the path of dharma Vikarna tried hard to convince his unrighteous brothers, who were mad with pride of power, but due to he not being able to calm the flame of their anger, he could not convince them, which resulted in the war of Mahabharata.  All the Kauravas, including Vikarna, were killed, whose blood turned the land of Kurukshetra red.
So for today, let us we take the curtain from the character of Vikarna and know how this courage came in him.
Whenever it comes to Kauravas, the name of Duryodhana or Dushasana is mostly taken.  Vikarna was the name of the another brother of the Kauravas, whose necessary and war skill's education was done under the supervision of Kripacharya, Dronacharya and Bhishma himself, but he is ignored in most of the articles for not giving an important place in the Mahabharata.

In the Mahabharata, apart from Duryodhana and Dushasasana, there is only the Vikarna which has more fame. People do not know much about other Kauravas. Although Yuyatsu is also a famous son of Dhritarashtra, but due to being a maid's son, he did not get the honor he deserved.  However, Yuyutsu was the only one among the Kauravas who survived after the Mahabharata war. Among the Kauravas, Vikarna was the one which became famous due to his good character.

Like other Kauravas, Vikarna were also born from the collop delivered by Gandhari by the grace of Maharishi Vyas. It is said that all the Kauravas were good character in their childhood, but due to the association of Duryodhana and Dushasan, they all became unrighteous like them. But the only Vikarna of them was one that never let his character and thought fall.  In the Mahabharata, in childhood, there is also a description about Vikarna advice to Duryodhana not to be hostile to Bhima.  Apart from this, the Vikarna kept continue giving suitable suggestions to Duryodhana. 

Although Duryodhana was very arrogant but loved his brothers very much.  Duryodhana does not have any kind of malice towards any of his brothers in the Mahabharata.  He may not follow the words of his brothers, but he used to give importance to their suggestions. Among the Kauravas, only Vikarna was the one who repeatedly advised Duryodhana to make a treaty with the Pandavas.  However, no one gave importance to this matter. Vikarna was also present at the  Draupadi's Swayamvara with Duryodhana. 

Along with other Kauravas, the education of Vikarna was also completed first by Kripacharya and later by Guru Dronacharya.  Although Vikarna was proficient in the operation of many types of weapons, but his skill was more in archery. While being archers like Karna and Arjuna, Vikarna never gained fame as a great archer, but in the Mahabharata, it is mentioned at many places that Vikarna was also an amazing archer.  Dronacharya himself was also a big fan of Vikarna's archery. Describing the warriors of the Kaurava and Pandava sides before the Mahabharata war, Pitamaha Bhishma placed Vikarna as a Rathi and counted him among the chief warriors of the Kauravas.

When the Pandavas were humiliated by being slaves after being defeated in gaming, Vikarna did not say anything, but when Duryodhana ordered Draupadi's Cheer-haran in a packed assembly, seeing that someone not opposing else in that assembly . Vikarna had vocally opposed this work. Apart from Mahatma Vidur in that assembly, there was only Vikarna who openly opposed Draupadi's Cheer-haran. It is said that Duryodhana was so enraged at the way Vikarna protested that he got up to kill Vikarna.  However, Karna later stopped him from doing so.

Opposing Cheera-haran, Vikarna also made an argument that caused all Kauravas, including Duryodhana, to become silent.  Vikarna said - "Oh brother! Bhratashree Yudhishthira may have stake Bhabhishree Draupadi, but he is not only her husband. The other Pandava brothers are also Draupadi's husband and they have also possess right as brother Yudhishthira. Therefore Bhrata Yudhishthira had no right to stake his wife at stake without the consent of his brothers. Therefore, this bet of Dhyutkrida should be declared invalid. "Duryodhana became speechless after saying this by Vikarna, but he heard the various arguments by Karna,Shakuni etc. and came under pride and didn't listen to his younger brother.

Vikarna also played an important role in the Mahabharata war.  Like Bhishma, Drona, Vidur, etc., Vikarna also made several attempts to avert this war, but every effort was ultimately in vain.  Knowing that he is in favor of wrongdoing and the defeat of the Kauravas is certain, he did not leave Duryodhana and decided to fight in his favor. Here we see the same kind of fraternity in Vikarna as that of Kumbhakarna ,who was younger brother of demon's king Ravana. Kumbhakarna had also condemned Ravana , for the work done by him but did not leave him till the end. On the other hand Yuyutsu can be compared to Vibhishana, who left his brother for dharma.

On the fourth day of the battle, Vikarna attempted to stop Abhimanyu and the two fought fiercely.  In that battle, Vikarna had forcibly back Abhimanyu's chariot several times but eventually he got defeated by Abhimanyu. On the fifth day of the battle, Vikarna tried to break the protective armor made by Mahishmati's army alone but he could not succeed due to Bhima's arrival there.  On the seventh day of the war, he saved many of his brothers from Bhima's wrath. On the tenth day of the battle he single-handedly stopped the chariot of Arjuna and Shikhandi from going towards Bhishma but then Maharaj Drupada challenged him for, which gave Arjuna a chance to move on.

In the Mahabharata war, Vikarna emaciated the Pandava army by killing the chief warriors of Pandava army, Chitrauddha and Chitrayodhin.  Apart from them, he killed many warriors of the Pandava army in the war. Among the prominent warriors of the Pandava army, especially his war with Nakula, Sahadeva and Ghatotkacha, in which he showed extraordinary valor.  On the thirteenth day of the war, when many Maharathis killed Abhimanyu, he remained silent but he had no active role in Abhimanyu's slaughter.

On the fourteenth day of the battle, when Bhima was in extreme rage and was looking for Dushasan, Duryodhana sent Vikarna to stop Bhima.  When the Vikarna comes to  in front of Bhima, the conversation  between them is very emotional. While searching of Dushasan, when Bhima saw Vikarna coming in front of him, he said, "O younger brother , do not fight with me today because I do not want to kill you. I have not forgotten , only you were opposed the Cheera-haran of Panchali . If you fight with me today, you will surely be killed by me. So you go and fight with another warrior. "
On seeing Bhima speaking like this, then Vikarna said - "O brother! I know that I cannot defeat you and my death is certain if you fight with me, but still I must will fight you for my brother. I had opposed Bhabhishree's Cheera-harana in the dhyutkrida because it was my dharma at that time and today I am stopping you in this battlefield because now this is also my dharma. "This statement of Vikarna shows his bright character and firm determination.

Thereafter, Vikarna fought with Bhima and he received Veergati (death in battle field) by his hands . After Vikarna's death, Bhima's cry is also mentioned in the Mahabharata.  Seeing the dead body of Vikarna, Bhima cries - "O younger brother ! Just like a lotus blooms in mud, similarly you were the best character among all Kauravas. Like Pitamah, you too had knowledge of dharma.  Today by killing you , I feel as if I have lost a Pandava.  If I had to break my pledge to protect the life of a brother like you, I would not regret it. "

Draupadi was also deeply saddened by the death of Vikarna because at the time of Cheera-harana, Vikarna was the only one who stood by her side.  Even though the character of Vikarna in the Mahabharata is not as outspoken, but in history, his name will always remain immortal as the only true character and Kaurava who has knowledge of dharma.

Vikarna was the only Kaurava who not only raised voice against this act of his eldest brother but also tried to convince Duryodhana and Dushasan till the end that it was wrong to do so.  Although all these attempts of Vikarna failed, it proved one thing that not only the unrighteous sons but also the follower of dharma ,a son was born from Gandhari's womb.

It was possible that he become a bigger archer than Arjun.

Like the rest of all the Kauravas, Vikarna was raised like a prince, but his ethics remained different from the rest of the Kauravas.  This quality of his was also seen in the field of education.  There was no one among the Kauravas who could be a good archer like Pandu's son Arjun, but Vikarna had amazing talent.  He learned archery from Guru Drona and Kripacharya.

After the end of education, when the time of Gurudakshina came, the Kauravas asked Acharya Drona what he wanted in Guru Dakshina?  Drona said that I want you all to face Drupada's army and defeat him in battle.
The Kauravas followed Acharya's orders.  Acharya Drona knew that if not Duryodhana, at least  Vikarna has the courage that he can target the  Drupada's army with his arrows.
However, Duryodhana kept Vikarna behind in the battle.  Actually he wanted to show his courage.  Ultimately the Kauravas could not face Drupada's army.  After this the Pandavas did this work and they won with the army of Drupada.
It was only after victory in this war that everyone considered Arjun's unique archery talent.  It is believed that if Duryodhana had not show only own courage himself, he would have won the battle on the help of Vikarna and he would have been a better archer than Arjuna.
In the Bhagavad Gita, Vikarna is depicted as a great warrior.  According to Bhagwat, if there was any great archer in the Kaurava army apart from Karna and Ashwatthama, it was Vikarna.  But due to the presence of  Bhishma, Drona, Kripacharya, Eklavya, Ashwatthama, Karna and Arjuna in the Mahabharata, Vikarna was always kept separate.
Many historians and mythological experts experience the same condition between Vikarna and Kumbhakarna.  Although both the wars took place in separate yuga, but there was much in common between the two.  Just as Kumbhakarna was also involved in the Ram-Ravana war to support his brother despite being a follower of dharma and justice, in the same way, Vikarna also joined the war of Mahabharata that occurred only because of his unrighteous brother. Kumbhakarna also knew well that Ravana's victory over Lord Rama was impossible; similarly, despite predicting the outcome of the Mahabharata war, Vikarna also became part of the Mahabharata to support his brother.  Both of them lost their lives in the war.
However, if there was give more importance  on the character of Vikarna in the Mahabharata, it would have been counted among the best warriors after the Pandavas.  The situation in the Mahabharata of Vikarna was not much different from the Kumbhakarana of the Ramayana.  Both of these brothers knew that what their elder brothers are doing unrighteous work, but they had to support them to keep the promise of their brother.
But Vikarna was such a great warrior who, knowing that despite walking on the path of dharma, he had to receive death because of his brother, he neither left his brother nor his dharma.  In such a situation, it would not be wrong to say that the next time we mention the great warriors of Mahabharata as Pandavas and Krishna, we should not forget the name of great Vikarna.

Friday, October 16, 2020

Dhyutkrida .... A well planned conspiracy against the Pandavas by Shakuni and Duryodhna.

Dhyutkrida .... A well planned conspiracy against the Pandavas by Shakuni and Duryodhna.

Duryodhana always looked at the Pandavas with hatred, but since when he return from Indraprastha, there was no limit to his anger and jealousy.  Seeing Yudhishthira gaining prestige as the almighty king in the Rajsuya Yagna, his heart was burning with envy. Everyone loved the Pandavas.  Therefore, he could not harm them any more and would always worried about their progress.  In such a state, he took refuge of his maternal uncle ShakuniShakuni, who was clever and pretentious by nature, advised Duryodhana to invite Yudhishthira for Dhyutikrida.  Yudhishthira was very much interested in the game of Chauras, but since the Rajasuya Yajna, he took an oath not to touch the dice.

Duryodhana was very happy to hear this plan and asked his father Dhritarashtra to invite Pandavas to Hastinapur for Dhyutkrida.

Dhritarashtra did not like his plan.  He said to his son, "If you continue to behave like this, you will be responsible for your own destruction." Dhritarashtra called Vidur and asked for his advice. Vidur vehemently opposed Shakuni's plan, but Duryodhana got King Dhritarashtra agree to his proposal by threatening suicide.  

Vidur was entrusted with the task of inviting Yudhishthira.

Seeing Vidura suddenly at Indraprastha, Yudhishthira was very surprised and asked, "You seem unhappy, what is the reason for this?"  He replied, "I have been ordered that I invite all of you to dhyutkrida?" I consider such a game as destructive because it promotes enmity and unrest.  Next, do what you think is appropriate. "

Yudhishthira decided that he would accept this challenge as a Kshatriya and would go to Hastinapur.  He walked towards Hastinapur with Kunti, Draupadi and his four brothers. On reaching there, it was known that a special auditorium was built for Dhyutkrida.  The game started in the presence of Dhritarashtra, Bhishma, Dronacharya, kripacharya,Vidur etc. at Krida Bhawan.

Duryodhana said, "Mama Shakuni will throw the dice on my behalf."

Yudhishthira knew that it was against the rules to play bets on anyone's behalf. He also knew that Shakuni would cheat, but he could not say anything.  He started playing.  Yudhishthira lost. He put other ornaments at stake.  Shakuni threw his dice very cleverly and again Yudhishthira's bet was empty.  First the jewelery then the cattle, then the slave-maid, money-wealth, then the palace, then the village, one by one he lost everything.

Duryodhana said, "Now what will be at stake?"

Yudhishthira had nothing left.  He staked younger brother Nakula. He was lost again.  Like the loser gamblers, he kept staking all the brothers one after the other, losing consciousness . Gradually every bet went against him.  After that he staked himself.  Again he was lost.  And thus all the Pandava brothers became slaves of the Kauravas.

"Draupadi!"  Shakuni loudly laughing and said, "You can put Draupadi at stake". Duryodhana also said, "Yes, in this way you can win everything back."  Vidur shouted from the silent audience, "Stop, stop all this." Duryodhana, now finish the game, I will not let any more evil happen. "But Duryodhana did not listen to any thing, he was eager to get the answer of Yudhishthira.

Yudhishthira was thinking, "Draupadi? How can I stake Draupadi on bet?"  Then thought, "I might win this time. Yes, if I play once I can win."  And he also put Draupadi at stake.  The dice were thrown and he lost again.  In this way Yudhishthira lost Draupadi too.

There was silence in the entire assembly - as if all the members's senses were lost.  Duryodhana ordered, "Let that arrogant Draupadi be brought into the assembly, now she is our maid."  He sent his brother Dushasan to bring Draupadi.

Undoubtedly Bhima, Arjun etc. were very angry.  But after losing his royalty, clothes and ornaments, they were all Duryodhana's servants.  Suddenly, Dushasan caught  Draupadi's hairs, dragged her, brought her in front of everyone in assembly . Weeping- crying, humiliated Draupadi begged Vidur ,Dronacharya , Kripacharya and Bhishma, "This cannot be true. Tell me is it true that Yudhishthira has lost me in dhyutkrida (gambling)?"

Bhishma ,Drona, Kripacharya and Vidur bowed their heads with shame.  They were unable to answer anything.

Draupadi then asked the question , "Did Yudhishthira bet himself first? Then how can he stacked me on bet? If he himself was not independent, how could he stacked me on bet, I am an independent woman?" All the people present, especially Duryodhana's brother Vikarna, supported Draupadi that Yudhishthira had lost this right after losing himself.

But Duryodhana roarly  said, "No, when Yudhishthira staked all his possessions and he lost then he was also lost Draupadi on bet." Just then at the behest of Karna, Duryodhana commanded Dushasana, while slapping his hand on his thigh, to make Draupadi clothless.  The gathering was stunned.  Draupadi was fell on her knees, begging Shri Krishna to protect her honor.

Draupadi's cloth was increasing at the same speed as Dushasan was try to undressed Draupadi at a rapid pace.  It seemed that it is impossible to remove Draupadi's clothes.  Dushasan kept pulling her clothes till he was exhausted and crushed.  But still he was not able to undress Draupadi.

Seeing Draupadi sobbing and humiliated, Bhima became enraged.  Enraged, he swore that one day he would definitely break Duryodhana's thigh from his gada( mace ) and drink Dushasan's chest blood.  The all members of assembly were frightened and stunned listening to Bhima's oath.  Dhritarashtra got nervous after hearing all this.

Vidur advised, "King Dhritarashtra called Draupadi and said," I am sorry, my sons mistreated you.  I free you . Tell me whatever you wish, I will fulfill it. "

Draupadi expressed her desire for the liberation of the Pandavas.  Dhritarashtra said to the Pandavas, "All of you go to Indraprastha and rule there peacefully."

But Duryodhana came to his father trembling with anger and said, "What have you done to this? I had taken away everything from them, why did you return them? Call them again, we will play the game once more."  If they are lost this time also, they will have to undergo twelve years of exile and one years of secret residence .  If they are identified then the same sequence will be applied again.  If I lost in gambling, I will also accept the same punishment. "

Immersed in son's love, the weak King Dhritarashtra again called the Pandavas for Dhyutikrida according to Duryodhana's statement.  Duryodhana challenged him and forced him to accept his condition.  The Pandavas lost again.

What a sad moment!  The Pandavas were to remain in the forest for twelve years and after the exile was over, they had to spend one year in the unknown place.  If they are identified, then penalty of living in the forest for twelve years will be paid….
With tearful eyes and a sad heart, all the Pandava brothers left with Draupadi and departure for the forest.  Teardrop flowed out of the eyes of elders and people present.  Everyone was forced to keep watching the game of luck.

Sunday, October 4, 2020

Kansa: The story before Krishna's birth .

Kansa: The story before Krishna's birth .

If we see the relation of Mama(maternal uncle )then there is a very respectful relationship.  The sound of the word Mama is pronounced twice in the sound of the word Maa(mother).  But in the mythological history of Hindus, there have been two maternal uncles who have made this relationship the object of ridicule and cruelty forever.  A maternal uncle Shakuni, a maternal uncle Kansa and both happened at the time of Lord Sri Vishnu's Krishnaavatar.  While Shakuni was the maternal uncle of the Kauravas, Kansa himself belonged to Lord Krishna.
Kansa is one of the biggest villains of our Indian mythology.  His sins were so strong, ruthlessness so intense and tyranny was so inhuman that Dwapar yuga was shivering in his name. He found the name of Kansa Mama in history by ruthlessly killing six children of his own sister Devaki.  Even today, when a maternal uncle crosses the limits of his relationships, he use to received the title of Kansa Mama. 

It is also known to famous in world that Kansa really loved his sister Devaki very much.  His love for Devaki was so intense that Kansa himself carried his sister's doli (palanquin) on his shoulders at the time of her departure after marriage. Kansa was frightened after the listening of Akashvani, which announced that, he will be killed by Devaki's eighth child. And he committed atrocities, which cannot be compared to anyone in history nor imagination.

Despite being children of religious parents, how did such devilish tendencies awaken in him.  He loved his sister more than life ,but how he could torture her?  The answer to all these questions is one and it is astonishing - Kansa was not the real brother of Devaki!  how,

When it comes to the villains of mythology, the name of 'Kansa' definitely comes.  This is also important because the first enemy character of Shri Krishna's leelas was the same.  But in the stories, Kansa's character is described during the marriage of Devaki-Vasudeva and Krishna's birth. Who was Kansa before this and where did he come from is a different story.  In mythology too, the character of Kansa was expanded since the birth of Krishna, while there has been a big reason for his tyrannical nature. Not only sister Devaki and her husband tolerate of his atrocities, but the mother who gave birth also kept burning in that anger and egoSo let us know that mystery of Kansa, which is before Krishna's birth!

Kansa was an Asura in his previous life!

There is no doubt that Kansa was powerful and had immense knowledge of weaponry.  On his strength, he ruled in Mathura for years.  But this is a matter of thinking that how can a human being be so cruel that his own sister, brother-in-law, parents can be imprisoned. Try to kill the unborn nephew.  He wreaked havoc on the public and did all the work that indicated demonic tendencies.

The mystery really starts to open from here.  The secret of Kansa's demonic instinct is tied to his previous birth.  Kansa was born in the demon dynansty before being born in Dwapara Yuga.  His name was 'Kalnemi'.  Kalnemi Asura's father's name was VirochanEven powerful gods were afraid of his devilish tendencies. He had many skills.  He was well versed in armaments and tantra lore.  When the Devasur war had taken place, Kalanemi, while sitting on his lion, fired a trident at Sri Hari with great speed.  But Lord Hari survived his attack and caught the trident coming towards him.
Later Kalnemi was killed with the same trident.  When Kalanemi was slaughtered, the gods became tension free.  But Sri Hari told that one birth of Kalnemi has ended.  His devilish tendencies will wreak havoc again in the Dwapar yuga. Hearing this, the gods became frightened again.  Then Shri Vishnu assured them that when devilish tendencies will expand on earth, I will incarnate in human form to establish dharma.  Only then will he be killed once again.
Shree Hari's  foretelling came true and Dwapara Yuga has arrived.  It has been told in history that this was not true on the birth of Kansa , that he was born in Yaduvanshi king Ahuk's son Ugrasen.  Kansa was born to Ugrasen's house and he was called his father.  But Kansa's real father was Gandharva and his name was Drmila.
According to the legend, Ugrasen was married to Pawanrekha, daughter of King Satyaketu of Vidarbha.  Both King Ugrasen and Pawanrekha were highly religious.  They were always absorbed in the worship of Shri Vishnu.  During this time, people also used to worship Lord Vishnu. Then there was no anger, there was no hatred in anyone.  His adminstration was going well.  There was a lot of love between the king and queen.
Rani Pawanrekha was very beautiful and her playful and cheerful nature was popular among all.  A few months after marriage, Rani reached her maternal home.  Where she was roaming in the park with her friends.  Then Gandharva Dramila saw the her beautiful form.  Godila is also another name of Dramila.  When he saw the queen, he tried to get her at all costs.  He first tried to attract the Pawanrekha by his nature.  But when this did not happen, he used the elusive power to hypnotize the queen. In this way, the relationship between Drmila and Rani Pawanrekha was established while remaining confidential from the world.  After some time, the effect of hypnosis on the queen ended and by then Dramila had also left.  Rani did not remember anything about Dramila.

 She returned to the palace and then returned to her husband Ugrasen.

When the queen returned to the palace, after a few days, news came that she was pregnant.  The entire palace was filled with happiness.  King Ugrasen's happiness was full of joy.  Rani was also very happy.  As soon as nine months were over, his son Kamsa was born. Both Raja and Rani were considering Kansa as their son, while Kansa was the son of Rani Pawanrekha and Gandharva Dramila.
While the palace had a religious atmosphere.  On the other hand, Kansa's nature was aggressive from childhood.  He was given nurture in a good environment.  But Kansha's nature automatically changed like his Gandharva father's conduct.  He grew up behaving like him. Both King Ugrasen and Pawanrekha could not understand how to retouch Kansa's anger and bad behavior.  They would try to get closer to own son.  He kept getting away from them.  Apart from Ugrasen's house Kansa, eight sons and five daughters were born. They were all religious in nature and their behavior was favorable to the family environment.  Kansa was the eldest of all. The names of the brothers of Kansa were Nyagrodha, Shunama, Kank, Shanku, Ajbhoo, Rashtrapala, Yudhmushuti and Sumushitid.  While the sisters were Kansaa, Kanswati, Satantu, Rashtrapali and Kanka.  Now the question comes, who was Devaki, who was taken captive by Kansa. Actually Devaki was Kansa's cousin.  King Ugrasen's mother was Kashya, daughter of Kashiraj. She had two sons.  Devak and Ugrasen.  Devaki was the daughter of Devak.  Despite his devilish instincts, Kansa deeply loved his cousin. Whenever Kansa was angry, Devaki was given the responsibility to agree and convince him.  Kansa never avoided Devaki's words.
Devaki was married to Shursen's son Vasudev.  King Shursen was Yadavvanshi.  His younger brother's name was 'Parjanya'.  Parjanya and Shursen were the children of  Maharaj Devamidh.  Parjanya had nine sons, of whom the third son was Nandababa.  In this way both Vasudev and Nandababa were Yadavvanshis and also cousins. Vasudev had five younger brothers, with whom Kansa's five sisters were married.  In this way all the Kansa sisters including Devaki were married in Vasudev's family.  Next to this, everyone knows the story of Devaki-Kansa.
When Kansa was going to leave Devaki and leave her in-laws, then there was Akashvani announced in the way that Devaki's eighth son will be your destroyer.  After this he attempted to assassinate Devaki.  But Vasudev promised that he would hand over each of every children as soon as they were born. The six sons of Devaki were killed by Kansa.  They were in real six children in his former life.  According to Shri Harivansh Purana, Kansa had six sons of his former birth i.e. Kalanemi.  Who started worship to please Brahma ji. At that time there was the kingdom of Hiranyakshipu and he considered himself as God.  Therefore, he did not like this worship of him. Hiranyakshipu cursed those 6 sons that the father who raised you, will kill you all in the next life.  When those people were born from Devaki's womb, Kansa in the form of Kalnemi killed them all.
After killing 6 sons of Devaki, Shree Shesha (Anant) entered her 7th womb.  Lord Vishnu placed Devaki's womb in the abdomen of Rohini, wife of Brajnivasini Vasudeva, with the help of Yogamaya to save Shree Shesha.  In the time of the 8th son, Srihari himself took a purnaavtar from Devaki's womb. Vasudev carry his eighth son to cousin Nandarai in Gokul and thus Shri Krishna  got another name Nandlal.  The birth of Krishna and the killing of Kansa story are famous in the world.  But we are only talking about the character of Kansa.
Kansa's sisters were married, now it was Kansa's time.  His devilish tendency was so dominating that he took his parents captive and got the entire kingdom in his hand.  He declared himself king of the subjects. As soon as he became the king, he dominated the subjects.  He started atrocities in the name of discipline.  He wanted the world to consider him as a God, so it was necessary that his powers should be expanded.
Therefore, Kansa married two daughters 'Aasti' and 'Prapti' of the then super mighty king Jarasandha of Aryavarta.  In this way he became close to Jarasandha.  Jarasandha was a descendant of Paurava and the whole of Magadha was under him. Since Kansa was the son-in-law of Jarasandha, he too had the same image in Magadha as that of Jarasandha. Through Jarasandha, Kansa befriended the Yadav dynasty king Damghosha of Chedi.  Damghosha was the husband of Lord Krishna's aunt and sister of Vasudev. Damghosha was the father of Shishupala. In this sense, Kansa and Damghosha are also called relatives.  Raja Bhagdant of Assam, an integral friend of Jarasandha and Damghosha, also befriended Kansa. In this way Kansa strengthened his friendship and gradually his influence spread from Magadha to Assam.
He became a persecutor. He tortured sages and saints during his rule. Due to which religious rituals were stopped in the area and an atmosphere of fear and violence was created all around. The outbreak of Kansa atrocities was also on Braj including Mathura. All attempts to kill Krishna failed.  Then he deceitfully called Krishna & Balarama to Mathura.  Where he wanted to slay him at the hands of wrestlers in his wrestling arena, but Krishna killed Mama Kansa and sent to the Yampuri. After Kansa's death, Krishna fred King Ugrasen, Rani Pawanrekha, Mother Devaki and father Vasudev out of jail.  He returned his throne to King Ugrasen.  After this, he ruled till he took over the rule of Vrajnabh. Despite all the evils, it is said that Kansa's instilled a sense of discipline in the subjects for fear of atrocities.  The thieves were afraid of committing thefts.  But this is the second truth that he committed the murders of innocent children.  hurt the dharma.
Note: - Somewhere is mentioned the name of Kamsa's mother is Padmavati and his Gandharva father's name is Gobhila or Godila.  It is also mentioned at some places that Rani Pawanrekha had received the information about the conspiracy of Dramila and she had also told this to King Ugrasena.  All other stories are the same.  I will continue to provide more interesting information related to Kansa to you all from time to time… Jai Shri Krishna

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