Showing posts with label Mahabharata. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mahabharata. Show all posts

Sunday, August 2, 2020

Mother Gandhari - a strong and constrained woman

Mother Gandhari - a strong and constrained woman

Who was Gandhari who wanted to make Duryodhana as Vajra body

Gandhari is one of the influential female characters of Mahabharata.  Gandhari was Dhritarashtra's wife and Duryodhana's mother.  Shakuni was her brother.  Let us know who Gandhari was and what power she had.

Gandhari's character is at the forefront of India's glorious women who had learned to live by ideals as well as her principle of husband's devout.  She had prevented the husband and her sons from going on unrighteousness and wrong path.  Her life is the story of a woman forced into the love of husband and son.
 One of the women mentioned in the Mahabharata story is Gandhari.  Gandhari is considered a virtuous woman and an ideal woman.  Gandhari  was the daughter of a king named Subal of the Gandhar country.  Being Gandhar country, she got his name Gandhari.  Gandhari was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva.  After the war of Mahabharata ended, Gandhari went into the forest with her husband, Kunti and Vidur.

Was blindfolded only after getting married to Dhritarashtra

 When Gandhari was married to the blind Dhritarashtra, Gandhari also blindfolded.  Gandhari said that when my husband is blind, she has no right to see the world.  Gandhari's brother Shakuni was not happy with this marriage.  Being a devotee of Shiva, Gandhari was given the boon by Lord Shiva to become the mother of hundred sons. When Gandhari was married to blind Dhritarashtra, she too had her blindfolded.  As long as she lived, she did not remove her blindfold.  He had not even seen the face of his 100 sons.

Many ominous incident occurred on Duryodhana's birth

Gandhari named his first son Duryodhana.  It is said that when Duryodhana was born, at that time there were many ominous things.  Duryodhana started speaking as soon as he was born.  Then Vidur and the scholars asked Dhritarashtra to abandon this child.  Scholars and astrologers said that if you want to protect the Kaurava dynasty, then abandon Duryodhana, otherwise no one will be able to stop being evil.  But Duryodhana could not be abandoned in Putramoh(Affection of son's love).

Gandhari did not want the Mahabharata war

When her husband Raja Dhritarashtra agreed to Duryodhana and gave his consent to play the game of gambling, Gandhari warned Dhritarashtra that " should never take such an incurious decision by complying in the words of the moron children, the old and the wicked intellectuals."  You should not get your entire family destroyed by complying into the words of the son with affection. 
After recognizing the character of Duryodhana, she always asked Dhritarashtra to bring him on the path of dharma, calling him arrogant, sin-wise, greedy, bad companion , inconsiderate.  Even the Dushasanas were prevented from making mistakes, considering Krishna and Arjuna invincible and suggested way to compromise them.

Gandhari termed the 13-year exile given to the Pandavas as an unfair, unjust decision .  The obstinate Duryodhana never obeyed his mother Gandhari.  While going to war, she told Duryodhana how she can bless him, while the innocent Pandavas are the victims of his injustice.

Gandhari did not want the war of Mahabharata.  Before the war of Mahabharata started, when Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur as a peacekeeper for the treat0y, he proposed to give five villages to the Pandavas in front of Duryodhana, but Duryodhana rejected this proposal.  When Gandhari came to know about this, she asked Duryodhana to accept Sri Krishna's proposal.  Gandhari also told Duryodhana that it is in your welfare  to accept the things that Lord Krishna, Bhishma, Dronacharya and Vidur have told you.  But Duryodhana did not listen to the advice of Mata Gandhari and the result came in the form of war of Mahabharata.

Gandhari wanted to make Duryodhana's body like as a vajra 

It is said that in order to provide like iron-strength to his son Duryodhana, she told him to stand before her with an open body, then the light of her eyes would make his body become iron-like.  Duryodhana was in semi naked , so his half body only got iron power.
When all the Kauravas died in the war of Mahabharata, Gandhari decided to make Duryodhana as a vajra.  Gandhari had received this boon from Lord Shiva that whomever she would open her eyes and see anyone in nagnavastha(naked), thereof whole body would become of vajra.

Gandhari told Duryodhana that after bathing in the Ganges, he should appear in naked  in front of her .  But Lord Krishna knew this and on the way, Shri Krishna stopped Duryodhana and said that even after being so young, you would go in naked form to the mother.

Duryodhana got into the words of Shri Krishna and wrapped the leaves on the thigh and appeared before Gandhari.  When Gandhari opened the bandage with his eyes and saw him, her divine vision could not fall on the thigh, due to which the thighs of Duryodhana could not be of the vajra and in the end this led to the death of Duryodhana.

When Gandhari's hundred sons were killed in the fierce struggle of Mahabharata, she cried up in a sad mood that despite being the mother of hundred sons, she became sonless.  All her daughters-in-law are mourning as widows.  In the pile of dead bodies, looking at her dead sons, she looked very helpless, screaming with compassion. When Bheem, Yudhishthira, Nakula, etc. went to console Gandhari and apologize for the crime of her daughter-in-law, when forgiving, as soon as Gandhari's eyes fell on Yudhishthira's fingernails from the lower part of her eyes, his nails became black. Bhima and his brother hid in fear behind Yudhishthira. She considered as main factor the death of all her sons to Sri Krishna.  Gandhari, distraught at the sons's death, cursed Sri Krishna by saying: "If my dynasty is destroyed, then your dynasty will be destroyed and you too will be killed like an orphan."

Later Gandhari apologized to Krishna for these misdeeds.  Krishna smilingly said this: “Mother Gandhari!  This curse of yours is the law of God.  Your words will be true literally.  Please accept my greetings. "

Yudhishthira and all his brothers left no stone unturned in the service of their uncle and aunt Gandhari, but they also had to listen to the satire of being killer of sons from time to time.  For 15 years they lived in the palace with Yudhishthira.

From Yudhishthira, they asked for the permission to going to forest , which was rejected by Yudhishthira, but at the behest of Maharishi Vyasa, he ordered the exile along with Gandhari, Kunti, Vidur and Sanjay.  Going to the ashram of Maharishi Ved Vyasa in the forest, Gandhari expressed her desire to see the 100 dead sons again for the peace of mind of her husband Dhritarashtra and widow daughter-in-law. At the same time, Abhimanyu for Subhadra, and the five sons of Draupadi again show glimpse, they prayed to reduce their attachment and grief, which was completed by Ved Vyas.  In the last moments of life, Gandhari, Kunti and Dhritarashtra self sacrifice their lives.

In the history of Mahabharata, the character of Gandhari emerges not only because of her superiority in female characters, but also presents a psychological form of both good and bad feelings of the heart.  Her life is a great character saga of a forced woman trapped in the dilemma of wife and affection of sons.

Saturday, August 1, 2020

Rakshabandhan-The festival of brother and sister

Rakshabandhan-The festival of brother and sister

How Raksha Bandhan festival started

Historical and mythological significance behind Raksha Bandhan Festival

Many festivals are celebrated in India. Each festival is related to different occasions like some festivals are based on seasons, crops harvesting, some depending on the rainy season or full moon. These festivals allow us to live together and embrace and express those moments of love and appreciation for each other.  This festival plays an important role in developing positive values ​​in our society. India is full of attributes like enthusiasm, love, appreciation, tradition etc. due to innumerable festivals.  One such festival is Raksha Bandhan.  This festival is a famous festival of brother-sister relationship.  Raksha Bandhan literally means the bond of protection and love. There are many stories and folklore related to this holy festival such as the historical story of Queen Karnavati of Mewar, Rajasthan, which we will discuss further in our post.

This sacred festival is celebrated on the last day of Shravan month in full moon day according to Hindu calendar.  This date usually falls in the month of August.  As the name itself suggests, the meaning of the name "Raksha Bandhan" lies in its name itself which means "bond of safety and care".

We fight with them, no matter how much they fight, but in the end, any valuable thing in the world is useless in front of the love we love them .... This says the heart of every sister for her brother. Sister-brother love does not diminish even from childhood to growing up and later when the sister separates after marriage.  A sister's love is such that even if her brother does not listen to her, she will want to her last breath that her brother will always be happy.
The festival of Rakshabandhan symbolizes the sacred love of brother and sister.  On this day, the sister ties rakhi with love to her brother and makes many wishes for him.  The brother gives gift to his sister as much as possible. The memory of a childhood gone by starts dancing in front of the eyes of brothers and sisters.  Indeed, the festival of Rakshabandhan reminds every brother of his duty towards his sister.
The festival of Rakshabandhan is a sign of unwavering love of brother and sister, which has been celebrated for years.  This festival, which maintains the faith of siblings, is celebrated on the full moon day of Shravan month.  Both brothers and sisters are eagerly waiting for this festival. Many brothers go to their sisters who are staying away to get Rakhi tied, while some sisters also come to tie Rakhi to their brothers.  While tying the rakhi, the sisters wish for the brother's long life and healthy life, and the brothers give her gifts and vow to protect her.
But there is a different tradition in many places.  In many places, daughters also tie rakhis their father or family elders, Brahmins and Gurus.  The basic feeling behind tying rakhi is assurance of love and protection.  The girls tie rakhi to their brother and father for this reason.

 But there are many stories behind why it is celebrated.

** Goddess Lakshmi celebrated Rakshabandhan festival to get Vishnu **

The first story is related to Lord Vishnu, according to which the fear of the gods increased when King Bali completed 110 yajnas.  They started to fear that with the power of yajnas, King Bali would also capture the heaven, so all the gods reached Lord Vishnu with a request to protect the heaven.
After which Vishnu, taking a Brahmin form appeared in front of King Bali and asked for alms.  In alms, the king promised to give him three steps of land.  But then Shree Shukracharya , the Guru of Bali, recognized Vishnu holding the Brahmin form and cautioned Bali about it but the king did not turn away from his word and donated three steps of land. During this time, Vishnu measured the heaven in one step and the earth in the second step in the form of Vamana.  Now it was the turn of the third step, but where should he put it?  On seeing the third step of Vamana moving, the king got upset, he could not understand what to do now and then he went ahead and put his head at the feet of Vaman Dev and said that you may put the third step here. In this way the king's right to live in heaven and earth was taken away and he was forced to live in the abyss.  It is said that when Bali went into the abyss, then with his effect of devotion, Bali took the promise of God being in front of him night and day and Lord Vishnu had to become his gatekeeper.  Due to this, mother Lakshmi, who was the ardhangini(Wife) of Vishnu, got upset.
Troubled by God's abyss residence, Lakshmi thought that what would happen to the Baikuntha loka if Swami(Lord) would reside as a gatekeeper in the abyss?  Narada suggested a solution to Lakshmi to solve this problem. Narada Muni suggested her to tie rakshasutra to Raja Bali as his brother and ask for Lord Vishnu as a gift. Goddess Lakshmi reached Patal Lok in disguise as a poor woman and tied rakshashutra to Raja Bali's wrist as suggested by Narada.
Then King Bali said, "I have nothing to give you."
 Then Goddess Lakshmi came in her real form and said, "You have Lord Vishnu.  I want the same. "
Lakshmi went to King Bali and tied rakhi and made him her brother.
King Bali allowed Lord Vishnu to accompany Goddess Lakshmi and maa Lakshmi brought her husband Lord Vishnu with her as a gift.While leaving, Lord Vishnu granted a boon to King Bali that he would reside in Patala loka for four months every year.  This four month is known as Chartumas which ranges from Devshayani Ekadashi to Devauthani Ekadashi. That day was the full moon day of Shravan, Raksha Bandhan started to be celebrated from that day itself.  Even today, Rakshabandhan is celebrated in many places as the basis of this story.

** Stories related to Raksha Bandhan related to Yama and Yamuna. **

According to the story of  mythological history, Yamraj, who we also know as the God of Death.  His sister was Yamuna ji. Yamraj ji used to be so busy with his work that once he did not come to meet her for the whole 12 years.Yamuna told Mother Ganga her problem, then  mother Ganga told Yamraj, why don't you meet your sister, she has been waiting for you for the whole 12 years and not once did you go to meet her.
Yamraj apologized for his mistake and said, "Okay, I go to Yamuna".  Yamraj went to Yamuna's house and asked for his sister's care. Yamuna made many dishes for her brother and for this greeting love of Yamuna, Yamraj ji asked, sister "What do you want to me ?"  I want to give you a boon.
On this, the sister told her Yamraj brother that brother, all I need is that you keep coming to my house again and again.
Yamraj ji, seeing his sister's love and loyalty, gave her the boon of becoming long life.  Since then, the festival of Rakshabandhan, the festival of brother and sister's love, is celebrated.

**Should husbands also tie Rakhi by wife on Rakshabandhan **

The festival of Rakshabandhan is generally considered a symbol of affection between brothers and sisters. But you will be surprised to know that this festival is not only about affection between brothers and sisters, but also related to husband-wife relationship and their well being. Perhaps you too have been surprised to hear this, so today I will tell you, what is the reason for this.The Bhavishypurana mentions a surprising story in this context. In the Satyuga there was an asura named Vritrasura who defeated the gods and captured heaven. It was a boon that there would be no effect on him any weapon made till that time. Due to which the Gods were facing defeat. After this, at the insistence of the gods, Maharishi Dadhichi gave up his body and Indra made weapons from his bones.
Devraj Indra met Guru Brihaspati before going to war with this weapon and said, 'I am going to battle Vritrasur for the last time. In this war, either I will be victorious or I will return only after attaining death in battle . Hearing this, his wife Shachi became worried after listening to her husband's words and tied a rakshashutra to Devraj Indra's wrist, after which Indra won this battle. It is clear that Shravan Purnima i.e. Rakshabandhan Rakshasutra can protect to husband and well being. Let us tell you that according to tradition, Purohit,Brahmin,Pandit also tie Rakshasutra.

**Krishna and Draupadi - A Sacred Relationship**

This story of Mahabharata about Rakshabandhan is very interesting.

Draupadi was the wife of the five Pandavas.  Sri Krishna was his friend and guru.  Once during Yudhishthira's Rajasuya Yajna, Shishupala, son of Shri Krishna's aunt started insulting Krishna and many others including Bhishma in assembly full of great kings and emperors. When he did not keep quiet even after refusing Shishupala, Sri Krishna eventually killed him with his Sudarshan Chakra.  However, while doing so, his finger got hurt and started bleeding. Seeing this, Draupadi quickly tore a part of her sari and tied it on Krishna's finger.  Seeing this, Shri Krishna was overwhelmed and told Draupadi that it is her debt on me and whenever she calls him, he will come to protect her. Shortly after some year , the Pandavas suffered a great defeat and humiliation at the hands of their cousins, the Kauravas, in the game of gambling . They lost everything including his kingdom by Duryodhana. On Duryodhana's orders, his brother Dusshasan forced Draupadi into the court and tried to undress her.  Draupadi, weeping with humiliation and shame, remembered Sri Krishna and to his miracle something happened that Dushasan kept pulling the sari but that had become a never ending garment. In this way, Draupadi was survived to undressing.  According to his promise, Shri Krishna protected Draupadi, and kept her shame.  Draupadi tied the piece of her sari on Krishna's finger, it was her rakhi.
The mythological history of Raksha Bandhan tells the story of Krishna and Draupadi that it is perhaps the most popular folklore in Hindu culture behind this festival.
Once during the care of the sugarcane, Lord Krishna's finger was cut off, which caused a lot of bleeding.  Seeing this scene, Rani Rukmani immediately sent someone to tie the bandage. Meanwhile Draupadi was with him, after this Draupadi cut a cloth and tied it on Krishna's bleeding finger, after which the blood stopped flowing.  After this, Lord Krishna blessed, pledged to protect her whenever needed, and once the non-cooperation incident with Draupadi was happening, it was Krishna who helped save his honor.

**Importance of Rakshasutra - Yudhishthira tied Rakhi to his soldiers.**

 It is about the time when the war of Mahabharata was going on.  Then Yudhishthira once asked Lord Krishna - "O Madhusudan!  Is there any way to ensure our victory? "
Then Lord Krishna said - “O Kunti son Yudhishthira!  You should tir rakshashutra to all your soldiers, victory will be yours. ”  Then Yudhishthira did the same and emerged victorious. "
The day Yudhishthira tied the Rakshasutra to his soldiers was also the day of Shravan Purnima.  Therefore, a rakhi is also tied to soldiers on this day.

**Story on Rakshabandhan related to Santoshi Maa**

Lord Ganesha had two sons, Shubh and Laabh ..

These two brothers used to suffer the desire of a sister.  Both Shubh and Laabh expressed their wish in front of Lord Ganesha and said, O God, please show your's kindness to us and we wish a sister, please give us a sister. Sages-Saints and Narada ji also asked Ganesha to produced a daughter.  Ganesh ji  thought and Ganesh ji expressed the wish of a daughter to his two wives Mata Riddhi-Siddhi.

Mother Riddhi Siddhi then gave birth to a daughter with her power.  Her name is Mother Santoshi.  Mother Santoshi listens to all the devotees, she is born for human welfare. With the apperance of mother Santoshi, both Shubha and Laabh got a sister from whom they completed the festival of Rakshabandhan and even today, the worship of mother Santoshi ji is done all over India .

**Story of Mewar's Rani Karnavati and Humayun**

 Among the many stories of Raksha Bandhan, the story of Rani Karnavati and king Humayun is also prevalent, which gets our attention the most, perhaps because of its historical significance.  Maharani Karnavati was the queen of the princely state of Mewar, after the death of  Rana Sanga, she was appointed to perform the duties of administration.  Maharani Karnavati was ruling in the name of her elder son - Vikramjit.  After this, when Bahadur Shah attacked Mewar for the second time, Rani Karnavati lost her everything and went to other rulers for the protection and support of her subjects. When the queen saw no choice, she sent a message to Humayun.  Rani Karnavati considered Humayun as her brother.  So to deal with this problem, Rani sent a rakhi along with the message to Humayun, in this message she requested for help. But the Mughal king himself was stranded in the midst of a military campaign in Bengal, so unfortunately this message reached him late as if he got this message from the queen, he assured that he would reach there on time to help her. But unfortunately, he could not reach on time and by the time the army arrived, there was victory of Bahadur Shah and queen finished her life jump into the fire. However, it is interesting to know that Himayun's father Babur once defeated her husband Rana Sanga when he led a confederation of Rajput armies in the year 1527.

**Alexander the ruler of Greece and Rakhi**

These two brothers used to suffer the desire of a sister.  Both Shubh and Laabh expressed their wish in front of Lord Ganesha and said, O God, please show your's kindness to us and we wish a sister, please give us a sister. Sages-Saints and Narada ji also asked Ganesha to produced a daughter.  Ganesh ji  thought and Ganesh ji expressed the wish of a daughter to his two wives Mata Riddhi-Siddhi.

Mother Riddhi Siddhi then gave birth to a daughter with her power.  Her name is Mother Santoshi.  Mother Santoshi listens to all the devotees, she is born for human welfare. With the apperance of mother Santoshi, both Shubha and Laabh got a sister from whom they completed the festival of Rakshabandhan and even today, the worship of mother Santoshi ji is done all over India .

**Ravindranath Tagore gave new meaning to Rakhi**

The great poet and Nobel Laureate Ravindranath Tagore gave a new meaning to this festival of Rakhi.  He believed that Rakhi is not only a festival of brother-sister relationships, but it is a festival of humanity.  During the partition of Bengal, Vindranath Tagore had organized Rakshabandhan to increase the feeling of brotherhood between Hindus and Muslims. Ravindranath Tagore encouraged Hindus and Muslims to tie rakhi to each other.  So that peace remains.  He organized a public awareness on this festival to protest against the partition of Bengal and made this festival a symbol of unity and brotherhood.  In the Indian freedom struggle of 1947, this festival was also taken for public awakening. From this perspective, in a sense it has become our national festival.

**Story of Chandrashekhar Azad**

The struggle for independence was going on all over India.  The British were behind Chandrasekhar.  Chandrashekhar Azad was looking for a place to escape from the British.  He then reached a house where a widow lived with her daughter.  Chandrashekhar Azad was strong & healthy with his body.
Seeing him, the widow woman felt that any robber had arrived.  Thinking the same, the widow refused to give him a place.  When the woman came to know during the conversation that he was Chandrashekhar Azad, the widowed woman respectfully gave him a place in her house.  Chandrashekhar Azad while living there realized that the widow's daughter could not get married due to poverty.
Then Chandrashekhar Azad said to the woman, “The British have placed a reward of five thousand rupees on me.  You can get those rupees by giving my information and marry your daughter. "

Hearing this, the widow wept and she told to Azad,

Brother!  You are always ready to sacrifice own life for the freedom of the country, and do not know how many daughters have respect for you. ”
Saying this, the woman tied the thread on the wrist of Chandrashekhar Azad and get promised to serve the country.  When the widowed woman woke up in the morning last night, she got five thousand rupees under her pillow.  A paper was placed on it, on which it was written: - "A small gift for my dear sister - Azad."
Raksha Bandhan festival is a part of the tradition of thousands of years in Indian society.  While many mythological stories are prevalent behind this festival, on the other hand there is a feeling of love, trust and protection between brother and sister. This festival is the most beautiful symbol of the sanctity of relationships in the Indian tradition.  This festival is celebrated on the full moon day of the month of Shravan to build the trust of brothers and sisters in the families.  On this day, every year the sister ties a rakhi to the brother's wrist and brother pledges to protect the sister. In fact, our ancestors have organized many festivals in Indian civilization to preserve the sanctity of relationships and to increase mutual goodwill and love among family members.
These festivals have kept alive the dignity and moral obligation between human relations within Indian society and tradition till date.  The society has been living a dignity tied in these festivals of blood relations.  The importance of festivals like Rakshabandhan has been the balance between nature and society.

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Story of Draupati's previous birth

Story of Draupati's previous birth

Hello friends

                  The story of Draupati's previous birth is also mentioned in the Mahabharata and in the Bhavishya Purana, today I will tell you about both stories .

According to the Bhavishya Purana: -

This is the event of that time, when the Pandavas lose their entire kingdom in the gambling from the Kauravas, and are going to the forest wearing mrigacharm, then the best people of the city also walk with them, seeing Yudhishthira fall into thinking. He was thinking about that arranging your own food in the uninhabited forest is a very difficult task, then how will I feed all these excellent people?
Thinking this, Yudhishthira goes to Muni Maitreya and told all the agony, which Muni Maitreya hearing and says that Dharmaraja I will tell you an ancient thing, which I saw with my divine vision, listen carefully.
Once upon a time, a poor Brahmini lived in a Tapovan(Forest), she used to worship the best people(Sages &Saints) daily even in this condition, once the sage Vashistha reached her hut, Brahmani welcomed him too, seeing the devotion to the Brahmani, the sage Vashistha was extremely pleased , and said to ask for the boon, then the Brahmini said, "O Muni, please tell me some method so that I can become a husband's beloved, brave son's mother, good luck, wealthy and worthy of praise in this world,"
Then Vashistha said, O Subrata(Auspicious lady), you fill the pot of moong and rice in the pot of clay and after making it worship with sandal, place a vessel of water and ghee, worship it with flowers, deepak, naiveidh and then donate the food to the needy peoples.
This donation should be done on Sunday, Sankranti, Chaturthi, Ashtmi, Ekadashi and Tritiya, by doing this you will get all that you want, by obeying the sage Vashistha, she started donating food every day.
Therefore, O Partha, by effects of the same virtue, the same Brahmani Draupati has been born as your wife in this birth, and the hand of the draupati will never be empty in giving charity, because this Draupadi will be part of Sati, Shachi, Swaha, Savitri, Arundhati, and Lakshmi.  Which substance can be rare wherever she lives . If this Draupadi donates food from her hands, then she can satisfy the whole world, then why do you worry about these little superior citizens.

According to Mahabharata: -

            Another story which is mentioned in the Adiparva of Mahabharata, in which Vyas ji states that Draupati was a sage girl in the previous birth, according to whose best deeds no one was accepting own wife, then she started hard austerity of God.

Due to which Bholenath pleased and asked her to ask for a boon, then the girl said, "Lord, I want a husband full of all virtues,

1: - I want a husband who follows dharma,

 2: - I want a husband who is as powerful as Hanuman,

 3: - I want a husband who is the best archer in the world,

 4: - Want a husband who is the most beautiful in the whole world,

 5: - You give me the husband who is the most tolerant,

Hearing this, Shivji said thastastu and became disappeared, now that girl had inadvertently asked to Shiva for the boon of husband five times, so she was born as a Draupati and became the wife of the Pandavas.

Sunday, July 19, 2020

Why did Bhishma have to lie on the bed of arrows .

Why did Bhishma have to lie on the bed of arrows .

Hello friends

                    Pitamah Bhishma One of the characters in the Mahabharata, known for his  brahmcharya(celibacy) vows and muscle power, who devoted his entire life to the service of Hastinapur, while he could sit on the throne if he wanted.  But he kept his word throughout his life.  But still he had to lie on the bed of the arrows.  But why...?

According to the story: -

        When the war of Mahabharata ended and the Pandavas became the conquerors, all the Pandavas, including Krishna, reached there to seek blessings from Bhishma where the pitamah Bhishma was lying on the bed of the arrows. And when all the returning to met Bhishma, then the pitamah Bhishma stopped Lord Krishna and ordered all the others to leave.  Pitamah called to Shri Krishna and said, "O Madhusudan, you are omnipresent. You are the lord of creation. Please tell me which of my deeds I am suffering unbearable pain on the bed of arrows in this way.
Listen to whom Lord Krishna said, "O Pitamah, you yourself are wise. Do you not remember the deeds of your previous birth? Then Bhishma said that" I remember the deeds of my last 100 births in which I have never done any bad deeds . Then Shri Krishna says that "O Pitamah you are absolutely right, but do you remember your 101st birth which Bhishma was surprised to hear because he remembered the deeds of a hundred births, how could he not remember his 101st birth? Then Bhishma said, "O Madhusudan, please tell me what abominable deeds I had done on the my previous 101st birth. What was the reason of this my plight .
Then Shrikrishna said "Listen carefully pitamah, you were a prince at birth in last 101. And you were very fond of playing hunting. Once you were going through a forest, you stopped in the shade of a tree to rest and after a while, when you were ready to walk, a Karkata from above meant that a multi-legged animal fell on your horse's neck which you lifted with own arrows and threw it back and went from there. But when you threw that Karkata back, he fell backwards into the thorn bushes and countless thorns of bushes spear into his back, whatever he tried to get out of that bush,  thats thorns would have given more trouble. He lived in the same condition for 58 days and he kept praying to God day and night that you should die in the same way as I am dying in the year of suffering.
But your virtuous deeds were so strong in that birth that the sin could not be brought to mature.  Hearing this, Pitamah questioned that "Madhusudan if that sin did not result in that birth, then why did it happen in this birth?", Shri Krishna said, "Pitamah, when Duryodhana had tried to Chirharan of Draupadi in assembly, if you want , you could have stopped it, but you didn't it.  Because of which all your virtues have waned and the sin of 101st birth has a chance to come to mature.  Because the results of karma is suffered at some time or another time.

The war of Mahabharata lasted for 18 days, out of which Bhishma fought for 10 days.  The Pandavas, troubled by the war skills of Pitamah, then  Bhishma himself told the remedy for his death. Bhishma Pitamah stayed on the arrows of the bed for 58 days, but due to the blessing of desire death of his father, he did not give up his life and on the utrayan of the sun and on the day of Makar Sankranti, he gave up his life as he wished. It is believed that at the time when the war of Mahabharata was going on, Arjuna's age was 55 years, Shri Krishna's age was 83 and Pitamah Bhishma was about 150 years old.

Friday, July 17, 2020

Story of Jayadratha slaughter

Story of Jayadratha slaughter

There are some interesting parts of the Mahabharata story that many people do not know about.  One is the story of Jayadratha and his slaughter, which is very interesting. 
Jayadratha was actually the husband of Dushala, the sister of the Kauravas and was slaughtered by Arjuna in the war of Mahabharata. Jayadratha received a boon from his father Vriddhakshatra that the man who will be drop Jayadratha's head on the ground , his head would also explode and be killed at that time.  Despite this, Arjun managed to kill it. In such a situation, the question is how Arjun did this work.  The story behind this is very interesting.  The special thing is that Jayadratha's enmity started with the Pandavas long before the war.  However, let us first know the story of Jayadratha and the boon he got and also how his rivalry started with the Pandavas.

**Who was Jayadratha and how his enmity with the Pandavas started.**

Jayadratha was the king of the Indus country and was married to Duryodhana's sister Dushala.  In such a situation he was a relative of the Kauravas including the Pandavas.  According to the Mahabharata legend, when the Pandavas had losen kingdom in gambling and spending 12 years of their exile in forest, they faced Jayadratha at the same time.  Jayadratha was passing through the same forest one day where the Pandavas were staying. It was daytime and the Pandavas' wife Draupadi was returning from the riverbank.  At the same time, when Jayadratha saw Draupadi alone, he started talking about enticing her and taking her with him.  Draupadi warned once or twice but did not accept Jayadratha and kidnapped Draupadi. When the Pandavas came to know about this, they started chasing Jayadratha and stopped him in the middle way.  Bhima was so angry that he wanted to kill Jayadratha.  But Arjuna stopped Bhima from doing so as he is the husband of Dushala.  Bhima did not agree to this and he removed Jayadratha's half head hair and left him.

Jayadratha received a boon from Mahadeva

Jayadratha felt humiliated after being thus defeated by the Pandavas.  Jayadratha then did austerity of Lord Shiva and started asking for a boon to win over the Pandavas.  Lord Shiva was pleased with his penance.  Lord Shiva said that it is not in anyone's power to win or kill the Pandavas, but one day in life, he will outnumber all the brothers except Arjuna in a war. This boon that Jayadratha received led to Abhimanyu's death.  While fighting, Abhimanyu entered the Chakravyuh.  However, the other three Pandava brothers, including Bhima, could not enter after him.  Jayadratha alone stopped everyone.  As Arjuna had gone far away while fighting, it was too late till his return and the Kauravas had done their work.

Arjun avenges Abhimanyu's death

When Arjuna returned by evening, he got the news of his son being killed.  On this, he vowed that the next day he would either kill Jayadratha by evening or take the samadhi in the fire.  The next day, Arjuna finally managed to slay Jayadratha with Krishna's illusion.  Indeed, the Kauravas managed to hide Jayadratha throughout the day.  The Kauravas knew that if Jayadratha was not killed, Arjuna would automatically take samadhi and they would get the benefit of it in the war.
When Lord Krishna saw that the sun was about to set, he created a maya just before that.  Krishna covered the sun with clouds in his illusion as if it was evening.  Seeing this, Jayadratha and his protectors became happy.  Jayadratha started laughing right in front of Arjuna's chariot and started celebrating happiness.  After this, Krishna once again showed his illusion and the sun came out of the clouds.  Then what was Arjuna killing Jayadratha at the behest of Krishna.

Why didn't Arjun's head get torn

Sri Krishna had already told Arjuna about the secret boon that Jayadratha had received.  According to this, the warrior who will drop Jayadratha head on the earth, his forehead will also explode.  Krishna had told Arjuna that he would have to shoot the arrow in such a way that Jayadratha's forehead will be cut and fell in the lap of his father, who is doing penance in Samantakpanchak area at that time.

Arjuna did the same.  Arjuna cut the head of Jayadratha with an arrow, the head flying in the air fell directly into the lap of Vriddhakshatra.  Vriddhakshatra was engaged in austerity at this time with his eyes closed.  As soon as he opened his eyes, suddenly as soon as he saw a head lying on his lap, he got scared and without thinking anything, he threw head on the earth.  Thus his forehead exploded and he was also killed.

Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Hanuman ji's role in Mahabharata

What was the importance of Hanuman present on Arjuna's chariot? 

Hanuman ji is the most popular god of entire India.  There is hardly any village where there is no Hanuman temple.  His great popularity in his youth is due to his strength, wisdom and knowledge and he is the giver of all these.  Which is most important for the youth.

Hanuman ji's role in Mahabharata

In those times people used some flags, like every political party uses a flag today.  The Congress party uses the flag bearing the 'claw' symbol, the other party uses the 'lotus flower' symbol.  Similarly, in ancient times, they used Hanuman because it is a sign of victory and Krishna chose it because whatever action Krishna took in his hands, he always won.

He told Arjuna "It would be better if you accept Hanuman as the flag", so he chose Hanuman.  He listened attentively to Shri Krishna.

Hanuman was a symbol of victory in the previous era, when Rama fought the most prosperous state of Sri Lanka, he fought that battle with a less of Vaanar soldiers, his team was very weak.  And the party that was against them was very powerful who had a lot of power and wealth. It is said, Sri Lanka was so rich in those days that the roof of every house was made of gold there.  It was the city of gold.  The pillars of each house were filled with precious stones. So when Ram went to Sri Lanka with Lakshmanan, he said that 'this city is incredible!  But even though it is very full of gold and very rich, I would still like to visit my motherland.  For me, my motherland is better than heaven. ' Therefore Lord Rama went back to Ayodhya after winning the war.  Hanuman was a symbol of victory over direct weakness.  One who looks physically weak but spiritually powerful.
The Pandavas were only five and the Kauravas were hundred.  It was not equal in any way for the fight, there should be equal number of people on both sides to fight.  Therefore, to give justice, moral and emotional strength to Arjuna, Krishna said, 'We keep Hanuman as our flag.  So think that if they can do this, then you can do it now.

 Krishna always used to say this.

This has happened in the context of Mahabharata, let us understand it through a story now.

Success mantra: learn by mistake and proceed success.
Human beings work very hard to get ahead in life.  But when he does not know how to succeed, he gets frustrated, stops working.  If we look at this from another point of view then the failures in our life give us experience and protect us from making mistakes.  Therefore, a man should never be discouraged, he should keep working hard.  One day it will come that the fruits of hard work will turn into success.  This is the story of Arun.
Arun enthusiastically prepared for the exam.  Despite this, he could not top it and he remained very depressed and disappointed.  In the grief of failure, he gave up trying as before.  When Arun's trouble was found out by his teacher, who was his guide, he called him to his house one day.  He asked Arun the reason for the problem.  Arun told them that 'he worked hard day and night but the results did not come as he wanted, so he is desperate.
After listening to Arun, the teacher asked him to walk in the garden with him.  He took it to the tomato plants and said that look at this spoiled and dead tomato plant. When I had sown this plant, I watered it from time to time, also fertilized and pesticide.  Sprayed, but still it damaged .  So what ?, Arun said.  After giving so much hard work, so much money and time, if we do not get the result we want, then what is the benefit of doing so much?
The teacher said that it is not so and pointing to a door, he said that once you open this door and look.  Arun opened the door and saw that there were huge tomatoes in front of him.  He asked, where did all these come from?  The teacher said, the loss of one tomato plant does not mean that all the plants have gone bad.  Similarly, you worked hard but could not top it, but it does not mean that your day and night hard work went bad and you failed.
Many things matter while taking the exam, including speed of writing, health, mood and more which is not just a measure of hard work.  What you learned will work at every turn of your life.  Not getting what you want despite working hard does not mean that you have failed.  This means that you have climbed another ladder to reach success.

Lesson of this story:

 - If we lose today, we can win tomorrow.  It is not a mature decision  to left the trying to improve the grief of defeat.
 -Instead of getting frustrated, think about where we have missed.

Monday, July 13, 2020

How Dhritarashtra died

How Dhritarashtra died,

  Hello friends

How Dhritarashtra died, whether he committed suicide, or whether someone murdered him, if you don't know, this post will be read till the last, along with how Kunti and Gandhari died.

According to the story: -

    When the war of Mahabharata ended and the Pandavas emerged victorious, Yudhishthira and Dhritarashtra performed the Shraddha of all Kauravas, Pandavas and other maharathis .
With them Dhritarashtra himself performed his own shraddha, and went to the forest with Gandhari, Kunti, Vidur and Sanjay to do penance, after 16 years Yudhishthira went to meet him at his ashram, where Vidur died, and his soul merged in Yudhishthira , because they were both incarnations of Yamaraja . At the same time, Vyas ji, at the behest of Gandhari, also resurrected all the Kaurava Pandavas killed in the Mahabharata war for one night, a few years after the same incident Dhritarashtra went to bathe in the Ganges . And after bathing, he was returning to his ashram, that there was a severe storm which ignited the fire, which spread across the forest on seeing it . Now Dhritarashtra, Kunti and Gandhari were ascetics, so due to the extreme austerity and fasting, everyone was very weak, due to which they were unable to escape from there .
Therefore, seeing this form of fire, Dhritarashtra said to Sanjay that "Vats you go to some place where this fire cannot harm you. Hearing this, Sanjay said that "Maharaj, it is not right for you to die by this fire, your body should be cremated with unbearable fire, but at this time there is no way to get rid of it . Dhritarashtra then said, "Sanjay, we have voluntarily abandoned our worldy life, so this fire is not harmful to us . Losing one's life by the combination of water, air and fire or by fasting is considered to be extremely enjoyable for ascetics .
So you leave here soon, do not worry about us, then Sanjay revolved around Dhritarashtra with Gandhari and Kunti. And said, "Maharaj, now you have to do yourself in yogi form, then Dhritarashtra took samadhi according to his instructions and stopped the senses and became like a wood . And after Sanjay left from there, that furious fire burned Kunti and Gandhari along with Dhritarashtra and consumed it . Narada ji went to narrate this incident  to Yudhishthira, making Yudhishthira very sad, but who can change the appetency of God .

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