Showing posts with label Mahabharata. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mahabharata. Show all posts

Monday, August 10, 2020

Unknown and mysterious things related to Shri Krishna's life

Unknown and mysterious things related to Shri Krishna's life

Read these stories of Krishna, you will be  the great fan of his wisdom

In today's article you can read stories of Lord Shri Krishna.  In this, we have also written some stories of Bal-Krishna, which children will surely like.Krishna's leela are very much liked by children and elders since ancient times.  Lord Shri Krishna ji has many stories, we are the repository of knowledge for all. Children are very happy with the funny stories of Krishna ji and learn positive things.  From the legend of Lord Krishna's birth to the stories of his mischief in Vrindavan is very amazing. We see Lord Krishna in many forms such as Bal Krishna, Makhan Chor Krishna, Radha Krishna and Lord Shri Krishna explaining Arjuna the essence of Gita in Kurukshetra.  Today, in this article, we have presented some stories of Lord Krishna in simple language, which children and elders can read and understand and get knowledge along with pleasure. All these stories are true stories based on the life of Lord Krishna.  You may have heard some of these stories from your parents or grandparents in your childhood. There is a time of Janmashtami and stories related to Shri Krishna and his stories are spreading fast on social media.  People know Krishna, but what do they even recognize?  Do you know that Krishna also broke his promise  or went against his army .. Let us tell you today some stories related to Krishna…

***Stories of lord shree krishna***

1. Krishna and Kalia Nag.

There was a beautiful freshwater lake connected by the river Yamuna.  Somewhere a very poisonous snake came and lived there, whose name was Kalia.  Kalia's poison was rapidly dissolving in the water of Yamuna river. Once a cow grazing person drank the water of that lake, he died.  When Lord Krishna came to know about this, he made the person alive with his power.
After that Shri Krishna jumped into the water of that lake.  Krishna went deep into the water and started calling that snake loudly.  When Krishna did not come out of the water for too long, the people of the village gathered and waited for him by the river.  Many people also started getting scared.  After some time, the Kalia snake came from inside the water in front of Krishna and on coming he attacked Krishna. In a short while, Krishna grabbed Kalia and climbed his head.  Kalia was a snake with a thousand heads.  Krishna started dancing fast on his head and due to the fast dancing, the blood of Kalia snake started coming out.  Seeing this, Kalia's wife came above the water and begged for Kalia's life. Krishna asked them to leave the Yamuna river  and go to the Ramanika dweep.  At the same time, Krishna assured Kalia that Garuda would never attack him now because Krishna's footprints had print on Kalia's head. Kalia was overjoyed to hear this and left that beautiful lake in the river Yamuna and left with his wife.  Thus Krishna protected the village from Kalia snake.

2 . Krishna and Govardhan mountain .

Once upon a time, Devraj Indra was very angry with the people of  Braj because people were listening to Lord Krishna and worshiping Govardhan Parvat and not worshiping Indra Dev.  Enraged, Indra sent clouds to rain heavily to punish them, causing the possibility of flooding throughout Vrindavan.
Let's say, the black clouds over Vrindavan started raining heavily.  Most people's houses were washed away due to excessive rainfall and floods. The people of Vrindavan got scared and all reached the shelter of Lord Krishna.  Lord Krishna had known everything about this situation.  At the same time Krishna lifted the entire Govardhan mountain like an umbrella on the little finger of his left hand. All the people and cows of Vrindavan started coming down one by one under the Govardhan mountain and thus Krishna saved the lives of the people of Vrindavan.  The people of Vrindavan were surprised to see this amazing  miracle of Krishna.  Seeing the power of Lord Krishna, the clouds returned and the residents of Vraj started living happily.

3 . Lord Krishna and Arishthasura 

Once a big bull entered Vrindavan and suddenly started attacking the people of the village.  The bull broke the house of many people due to which many people were also hurt. When Krishna came to know about this, he immediately approached the bull.  Shri Krishna discovered that the bull is a demon.  The name of that asura was Arishthasura.  On seeing Krishna, he ran to attack Krishna rapidly. Lord Krishna defeated him with his power.  As soon as he was defeated, the bull sat down in front of Lord Krishna.  He then told Krishna that he was a disciple of guru Brihaspati and had been cursed to become an asura bull due to mistreating his guru.  Thus Krishna saved the people of Braj from Arishthasura.

4 . Makhanchor lord Krishna

You must have known that Lord Krishna loved eating Makhan.  Because of Krishna stealing Makhan, his mother as well as all the people of Vrindavan got fed up due to Krishna stealing Makhan.  Lord Krishna's mother Yashoda used to hang Makhan's Matki in the upper part of the roof so that Krishna could not reach there and steal Makhan by eating it. Once, Yashoda Ma left home due to some urgent work.  At that time Krishna brought all his friends there.  With their help, he reached Makhan's Matki and broke Makhan's Matki and ate all Makhan.  Yashoda mother reached there at the same time.  All of Krishna's companions fled, but Krishna remained there.  After that Krishna got a good scolding from Yashoda's mother.

5 . Lord Krishna and a woman selling fruits

Once a woman was selling fruits.  While she was passing in front of Shri Krishna's house, Shri Krishna felt like eating some fruit.  When Krishna asked for some fruit from the woman who sold the fruit, she asked Krishna for something in return. Krishna went running inside the house to give food grains instead of fruits and came back to the fruit seller with a handful of grains.  But as he came, the whole grain fell from his hands. Krishna repeatedly goes inside the house and tries to bring some grains in his hand, but the whole grain would fall down.  She was very happy to see this and gave all the fruits to Krishna. Krishna was very happy with that woman.  When she went from Krishna's house containing her empty crate  and reached her home, she saw that her basket was full of gold and jewels.

6 .  Why Krishna called as Govinda

One day a cow named Kamadhenu came from heaven to Lord Krishna.  That cow told Krishna that she had come to anoint him from the Dev Lok because Krishna is protecting the cows on earth. The cow bathed Krishna with holy water and thanked him wholeheartedly.  At the same time, Lord Indra, seated on his elephant Airavat, appeared there and blessed Shri Krishna and said that people of the whole world will know you by the name of Govinda for these virtuous works.

7. Krishna and Putna 

The slaughter of Krishna's maternal uncle Kansa was decided by Lord Krishna.  After knowing this, Kansa used to send different asuras to slay Krishna.  Once Kansa sent a demon named Pootana.  Pootna reached Vrindavan and changed the disguise of a beautiful woman and started looking for Krishna in every house. At that time Krishna was very young.  When she reached Krishna's house, she recognized Krishna and picked up her lap for feeding  poisonous milk .  When she started feeding her poisonous milk to Krishna, she felt that Krishna would die as soon as he was drinking milk, but Krishna continued to drink milk till the demon woman died.  As soon as she died, she came into her real cruel form.

Interesting mythology of Kanha and Kumhar


Prabhu Shri Krishna has done many leela with the gopis.  Shri Krishna used to break the gopis's matki and steal makhan(butter )and the gopis went to Yashoda Maiya with complain of Shri Krishna.  This happened many times. Once upon a time, Yashoda Maiya got fed up with the complain of Lord Krishna and ran towards Shri Krishna with a stick.  When Prabhu saw his mother in anger, he started running to defend himself.  While running, Shri Krishna reached a Kumhar (potter).
The potter was busy making his clay pots.  But as soon as the potter saw Shri Krishna, he was very happy.  The potter knew that Shri Krishna is  God.  Then the Lord said to the potter, 'Potter, today my mother is very angry with me.  Maiya is following me with a stick.  Brother, hide me somewhere. '
Then the potter hid Shri Krishna under a pot with a big pot.  In a few moments, Maiya Yashoda also came there and started asking the potter - 'O the potter!  You have seen my Kanhaiya somewhere, what?
The potter said - 'No, mother!  I did not see Kanhaiya. '  Shri Krishna was listening to all these things hidden under a big pot.  Maiya left from there.
Now Lord Shri Krishna says to the potter - 'Potter, if my mother is gone, take me out of this pitcher.'
 The potter said - 'Not like this, Lord!  First promise  me to be freed from the bondage of 84 lakh yonis. '
God smiled and said - 'Okay, I promise to free you from eighty-four million yonis.  Take me out now. '
The potter started saying - 'I am not alone, Lord!  If you promise to free all the families of my family from the bond of eighty-four million yonis, then I will drive you out of this pitcher. '
Prabhu ji says - 'Come on, I promise to release them from the bond of eighty-four million yonis.  Now get me out of the pitcher. '
Now the potter says - 'Just, Lord!  There is one more request.  Promise to complete it too, then I will drive you out of the pitcher. '
God said - 'Tell me what you want to say.'
 The potter started saying - 'Lord!  The soil under the pitcher under which you are hidden has been loaded by my oxen.  Promise to free my bulls from the bond of eighty-four.
Pleased with the love of the potter, the Lord also promised to free those bulls from the bond of the eighty-four.
 Lord said - 'Now all your wishes are fulfilled, now let me out of the pitcher.'
Then the potter says - 'Not now, God!  That is, one last wish.  Complete that too and that is this - whatever creature will listen to this dialogue between us, you will also free it from the bond of eighty-four million lives.  Just give this promise, then I will drive you out of this pitcher.
Hearing the love of the potter, Lord Krishna was very happy and promised to fulfill this wish of the potter.
Then the potter drove the child Shri Krishna out of the pitcher.  Prostrated at his feet.  Prabhu's feet washed and took Charanamrit.  Sprinkled Charanamrit in his entire hut and cried so much in the embrace of Lord that he merged with God.
Just think, the child Krishna who could lift the  mountain on his own finger, could he not lift a pitcher?
But Natwar Nand Kishore is not be happy  without love.  No matter how many Yajnas, rituals, donations, no matter how much they do devotion, Lord Krishna cannot be found unless there is love for mere beings in the mind.

Everyone knows that Shri Krishna is also called Chhaliya.  Krishna vowed that he would not take up arms in the war of Mahabharata nor directly participate in the war.  But indirectly, Krishna helped the Pandavas many times.  Know how to fulfill own promise made to the Pandavas.
Asking Barbarik for his torso: Barbarik was the son of Ghatotkacha, he pleased Maa Kamakhya and received from him the boon of three impenetrable arrows, who were able to make him victorious in all three worlds.  Shri Krishna, taking a brahmin form, asked Barbarik for his head, so that the Pandavas could win this war.
To get killed Ghatotkacha by saving Arjuna from the divine power of Karna: Krishna had instilled fear for Ghatotkacha in Duryodhana's mind. Therefore, Karna killed Ghatotkacha by unfailing power at the behest of Duryodhana. Karna had this immense power saved for Arjuna but Duryodhana, who was afraid of Ghatotkacha, asked Karna to use this power.  It was a power whose attack could never be vacated.
Getting Jarasandha slaughtered: When Jarasandha's body was rejoined even after had broken by Bheema, the body in the two parts of Jarasandha in battle, it was Sri Krishna who broke the straw and threw it in different directions.  After which Bhima ripped Jarasandha's body and threw it in opposite directions.
Get Bhishma Pitamah killed by Shikhandi: Krishna knew that Bhishma Pitamah had vowed not to attack on the woman.  So Krishna made the Pandavas aware of this subject, and the Pandavas sent Shikhandi in front of Pitamaha's chariot and killed him by Arjuna's arrows on Krishna's advice.

To get kill Jayadratha by hiding Suryadev: After Abhimanyu was killed, Arjuna vowed to kill Jayadratha before sunset the next day, otherwise promised to take Agnisamadhi.  On which Kauravas hid Jayadratha in the rear of the army. Then Krishna did sunset from his maya and the hidden Jayadratha came out to see Arjuna taking Agnisamadhi, at the same time the sun came out again by the grace of Shri Krishna and immediately Arjun trampled everyone and killed Jayadratha and dropped his head into his father lap.
Gesture to kill Duryodhana: At the time of the battle of Bhima and Duryodhana, Shri Krishna made a gesture of slapping on thigh , then Bhima did gada attack on the thigh of Duryodhana . It was only Krishna who knew that his body was like iron, except for Duryodhana's thigh.
When Krishna broke his vow in Mahabharata ...
It is say that Shri Krishna did not take any weapon  in the battle of Mahabharata.  He only accepted the idea of ​​ becoming Arjuna's charioteer and gave his advice  throughout the war, but is this really true?  Two arguments are given behind this matter.  It all starts when Duryodhana was showing anger at Bhishma Pitamah.  The reason was that not a single Pandava was dead.
Now there are also two stories about what Bhishma answered to Duryodhana.  According to the first story, Bhishma gets angry and gives 5 gold arrows to Duryodhana after reciting the mantra and says that tomorrow will be the end of the Pandavas.  On this, Duryodhana keeps arrows with him.  When Shri Krishna finds this, he sends Arjuna to Duryodhana.
It is famous in the stories that Arjun had saved Duryodhana's life and Duryodhana had promised Arjun that he could ask for anything from him.  In this, Krishna told Arjuna to ask for five gold arrows from Duryodhana.  Duryodhana gives it. Bhishma Pitamah gets angry with this and fights to kill Arjuna.  Arjun does not stand in front of Bhishma and falls.  At that time, Shri Krishna lifts the broken wheel of the chariot and proceeds to kill Bhishma, though Arjuna stops him and later Bhishma falls from the chariot and falls on the arrows, but still Krishna takes the weapon.
In the second story, the story is the same, but Bhishma promises Duryodhana that he will make Draupadi a widow by killing five Pandavas.  When Krishna comes to know about this, he asks Draupadi to touch Bhishma's feet without telling who she is. Draupadi does this and Bhishma blesses her to be always  suhaagan and live long.  When he come to know the truth, he is angry with Krishna.  At that time Krishna says that if your vow is broken because of me then my vow will be broken because of you.  And only then he lift the wheel of the chariot to save Arjun.
Krishna died due to curse ...
In the battle of Mahabharata, 100 sons of Gandhari died.  When Shri Krishna reached Gandhari, the unhappy Gandhari cursed him that in after 36 years he would be killed and with him the Yadu dynasty would be destroyed.
Shri Krishna knew that the Yadu dynasty has now come to greed and fascination.  So he just said thaastu.  The second curse was received from sage Durvasa.  Durvasa Rishi told Krishna to apply Kheer in his whole body.  Krishna did just this, leaving only his feet.  Angered by this, Durvasa cursed that Krishna would die because of his feet. Once when Shri Krishna was in the Samadhi, a hunter, Jara, considered Krishna's leg as an animal and shot an arrow at him.

16,108 queens of Krishna ..

They all know that Krishna had 16108 queens and 80 children, but why Krishna had only eight patranis(main queen)?  Actually, Rukmani, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Nagnajiti, Kalindi, Mitravrinda, Bhadra and Lakshmana were the main queens of Krishna. Krishna had 10 children from every queen.  The remaining 16100 women were rescued by Krishna from a demon Narakasura and sent to their respective homes. Someone's family did not adopt them, then Shri Krishna married them, but never made any relationship.

Why Krishna turned against his own army…
Before the war of Mahabharata, both Duryodhana and Arjuna went to Krishna for help.  When both arrived, Krishna was sleeping.  Duryodhana stood near Krishna's head and Arjuna folded his hands near his feet. When Krishna woke up, he saw Arjuna and said to support him.  Duryodhana was angry at this and said that he had come earlier and Krishna should support him.  On this, Krishna said that he has seen Arjuna before, so both will have to help.  Krishna gave his army to Duryodhana on this and became the charioteer of Arjuna.


Yogeshwar Shri Krishna has been presenting life philosophy to the public since time immemorial.  His playful childhood or the perfect ideal life, his miracles or his preaching of dharma and karma given by him to Arjuna in the Srimad Bhagavad Gita.  The reflection of Shri Krishna's personality is present in every particle. Shrikrishna Nishkam Karmayogi, an ideal philosopher, situated knowledge and a great man equipped with divine wealth.  Sri Krishna was born in this land of India some 5,200 years ago (Dwaparyuga).  According to Hinduism, Lord Krishna was the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, one of the Trideva.  Sri Krishna has been ranked as the best man of the Dvaparyuga, Yugapurusha or Yugavatara.  The character of Krishna is written elaborately in the Shrimad Bhagavat and Mahabharata, composed by Maharishi Ved Vyasa, contemporary of Sri Krishna. In the present-day philosophy of Shri Krishna is as relevant as it was in Dwaparyuga.  In the Srimad Bhagavad Gita, Shri Krishna has explained the dharma in detail - the person who follows the dharma, the dharma also protects it and the one who does not follow the dharma and consumes unrighteousness, dharma also does not protect it. Just as Sri Krishna explained dharma in detail in the Srimad Bhagavad Gita, similarly Karma has also fully described it.  Through the Gita, Shri Krishna inspired Arjuna to do unattached karma i.e. 'karma without wishing for results. Sri Krishna was a complete yogi and also was warrior.  Each of his forms is beautiful.  His childish form is so adorable that he has become an ideal of childhood.  That is why this form of Shri Krishna is worshiped on Janmashtami, in which he steal Makhan and eat Makhan, break the gopis's matki, and also killed Asuras with fun. On the banks of the Yamuna and in the forests of the Yamuna itself, Krishna along with the cow and gopis, in the childhood, killed Pootana slaughter, Shaktasura slaughter, Yamalarjuna moksha, Kaliya Daman, Dhenuk slaughter, Pralamb slaughter, Arishta slaughter, Kalayavan slaughter etc.  Kansa was killed in his teens with older brother Baldev. In the same way, his Raslila, loving nature towards Gopis is also adorable.  Similarly, his Yogeshwar form and the guiding form of Arjuna in the Mahabharata fascinate and inspire everyone.  In his leelas he is Makhanchor, Arjuna's guru & guide, poor Sudama's best friend, Draupadi's protector, Radhaji's prince,  ending Indra's pride as became Govardhandhaari.  All his forms and all his works are his leelas.  His leelas are so multifaceted that he is called Leelapurushottam in Sanatan texts.

I have tried to write about Lord Krishna on the occasion of Janmashtami. But the more I write and tell about Krishna, the less it seems. It is so versatile that there are stories full of mythology and folklore. Krishna's life is so multicolored that no one on this earth has lived such a life like him, every story of life cannot be connected without him. As I have told before that it is impossible to write everything about him. So through this blog  I will keep writing stories related to him from time to time. Do read every article of this blog.  Must visit every label .... thanks

Sunday, August 2, 2020

Mother Gandhari - a strong and constrained woman



Mother Gandhari - a strong and constrained woman

Who was Gandhari who wanted to make Duryodhana as Vajra body

Gandhari is one of the influential female characters of Mahabharata.  Gandhari was Dhritarashtra's wife and Duryodhana's mother.  Shakuni was her brother.  Let us know who Gandhari was and what power she had.

Gandhari's character is at the forefront of India's glorious women who had learned to live by ideals as well as her principle of husband's devout.  She had prevented the husband and her sons from going on unrighteousness and wrong path.  Her life is the story of a woman forced into the love of husband and son.
 One of the women mentioned in the Mahabharata story is Gandhari.  Gandhari is considered a virtuous woman and an ideal woman.  Gandhari  was the daughter of a king named Subal of the Gandhar country.  Being Gandhar country, she got his name Gandhari.  Gandhari was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva.  After the war of Mahabharata ended, Gandhari went into the forest with her husband, Kunti and Vidur.

Was blindfolded only after getting married to Dhritarashtra

 When Gandhari was married to the blind Dhritarashtra, Gandhari also blindfolded.  Gandhari said that when my husband is blind, she has no right to see the world.  Gandhari's brother Shakuni was not happy with this marriage.  Being a devotee of Shiva, Gandhari was given the boon by Lord Shiva to become the mother of hundred sons. When Gandhari was married to blind Dhritarashtra, she too had her blindfolded.  As long as she lived, she did not remove her blindfold.  He had not even seen the face of his 100 sons.

Many ominous incident occurred on Duryodhana's birth

Gandhari named his first son Duryodhana.  It is said that when Duryodhana was born, at that time there were many ominous things.  Duryodhana started speaking as soon as he was born.  Then Vidur and the scholars asked Dhritarashtra to abandon this child.  Scholars and astrologers said that if you want to protect the Kaurava dynasty, then abandon Duryodhana, otherwise no one will be able to stop being evil.  But Duryodhana could not be abandoned in Putramoh(Affection of son's love).

Gandhari did not want the Mahabharata war

When her husband Raja Dhritarashtra agreed to Duryodhana and gave his consent to play the game of gambling, Gandhari warned Dhritarashtra that " should never take such an incurious decision by complying in the words of the moron children, the old and the wicked intellectuals."  You should not get your entire family destroyed by complying into the words of the son with affection. 
After recognizing the character of Duryodhana, she always asked Dhritarashtra to bring him on the path of dharma, calling him arrogant, sin-wise, greedy, bad companion , inconsiderate.  Even the Dushasanas were prevented from making mistakes, considering Krishna and Arjuna invincible and suggested way to compromise them.

Gandhari termed the 13-year exile given to the Pandavas as an unfair, unjust decision .  The obstinate Duryodhana never obeyed his mother Gandhari.  While going to war, she told Duryodhana how she can bless him, while the innocent Pandavas are the victims of his injustice.

Gandhari did not want the war of Mahabharata.  Before the war of Mahabharata started, when Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur as a peacekeeper for the treat0y, he proposed to give five villages to the Pandavas in front of Duryodhana, but Duryodhana rejected this proposal.  When Gandhari came to know about this, she asked Duryodhana to accept Sri Krishna's proposal.  Gandhari also told Duryodhana that it is in your welfare  to accept the things that Lord Krishna, Bhishma, Dronacharya and Vidur have told you.  But Duryodhana did not listen to the advice of Mata Gandhari and the result came in the form of war of Mahabharata.

Gandhari wanted to make Duryodhana's body like as a vajra 

It is said that in order to provide like iron-strength to his son Duryodhana, she told him to stand before her with an open body, then the light of her eyes would make his body become iron-like.  Duryodhana was in semi naked , so his half body only got iron power.
When all the Kauravas died in the war of Mahabharata, Gandhari decided to make Duryodhana as a vajra.  Gandhari had received this boon from Lord Shiva that whomever she would open her eyes and see anyone in nagnavastha(naked), thereof whole body would become of vajra.

Gandhari told Duryodhana that after bathing in the Ganges, he should appear in naked  in front of her .  But Lord Krishna knew this and on the way, Shri Krishna stopped Duryodhana and said that even after being so young, you would go in naked form to the mother.

Duryodhana got into the words of Shri Krishna and wrapped the leaves on the thigh and appeared before Gandhari.  When Gandhari opened the bandage with his eyes and saw him, her divine vision could not fall on the thigh, due to which the thighs of Duryodhana could not be of the vajra and in the end this led to the death of Duryodhana.

When Gandhari's hundred sons were killed in the fierce struggle of Mahabharata, she cried up in a sad mood that despite being the mother of hundred sons, she became sonless.  All her daughters-in-law are mourning as widows.  In the pile of dead bodies, looking at her dead sons, she looked very helpless, screaming with compassion. When Bheem, Yudhishthira, Nakula, etc. went to console Gandhari and apologize for the crime of her daughter-in-law, when forgiving, as soon as Gandhari's eyes fell on Yudhishthira's fingernails from the lower part of her eyes, his nails became black. Bhima and his brother hid in fear behind Yudhishthira. She considered as main factor the death of all her sons to Sri Krishna.  Gandhari, distraught at the sons's death, cursed Sri Krishna by saying: "If my dynasty is destroyed, then your dynasty will be destroyed and you too will be killed like an orphan."

Later Gandhari apologized to Krishna for these misdeeds.  Krishna smilingly said this: “Mother Gandhari!  This curse of yours is the law of God.  Your words will be true literally.  Please accept my greetings. "

Yudhishthira and all his brothers left no stone unturned in the service of their uncle and aunt Gandhari, but they also had to listen to the satire of being killer of sons from time to time.  For 15 years they lived in the palace with Yudhishthira.

From Yudhishthira, they asked for the permission to going to forest , which was rejected by Yudhishthira, but at the behest of Maharishi Vyasa, he ordered the exile along with Gandhari, Kunti, Vidur and Sanjay.  Going to the ashram of Maharishi Ved Vyasa in the forest, Gandhari expressed her desire to see the 100 dead sons again for the peace of mind of her husband Dhritarashtra and widow daughter-in-law. At the same time, Abhimanyu for Subhadra, and the five sons of Draupadi again show glimpse, they prayed to reduce their attachment and grief, which was completed by Ved Vyas.  In the last moments of life, Gandhari, Kunti and Dhritarashtra self sacrifice their lives.

In the history of Mahabharata, the character of Gandhari emerges not only because of her superiority in female characters, but also presents a psychological form of both good and bad feelings of the heart.  Her life is a great character saga of a forced woman trapped in the dilemma of wife and affection of sons.


Saturday, August 1, 2020

Rakshabandhan-The festival of brother and sister



Rakshabandhan-The festival of brother and sister

How Raksha Bandhan festival started

Historical and mythological significance behind Raksha Bandhan Festival

Many festivals are celebrated in India. Each festival is related to different occasions like some festivals are based on seasons, crops harvesting, some depending on the rainy season or full moon. These festivals allow us to live together and embrace and express those moments of love and appreciation for each other.  This festival plays an important role in developing positive values ​​in our society. India is full of attributes like enthusiasm, love, appreciation, tradition etc. due to innumerable festivals.  One such festival is Raksha Bandhan.  This festival is a famous festival of brother-sister relationship.  Raksha Bandhan literally means the bond of protection and love. There are many stories and folklore related to this holy festival such as the historical story of Queen Karnavati of Mewar, Rajasthan, which we will discuss further in our post.

This sacred festival is celebrated on the last day of Shravan month in full moon day according to Hindu calendar.  This date usually falls in the month of August.  As the name itself suggests, the meaning of the name "Raksha Bandhan" lies in its name itself which means "bond of safety and care".

We fight with them, no matter how much they fight, but in the end, any valuable thing in the world is useless in front of the love we love them .... This says the heart of every sister for her brother. Sister-brother love does not diminish even from childhood to growing up and later when the sister separates after marriage.  A sister's love is such that even if her brother does not listen to her, she will want to her last breath that her brother will always be happy.
The festival of Rakshabandhan symbolizes the sacred love of brother and sister.  On this day, the sister ties rakhi with love to her brother and makes many wishes for him.  The brother gives gift to his sister as much as possible. The memory of a childhood gone by starts dancing in front of the eyes of brothers and sisters.  Indeed, the festival of Rakshabandhan reminds every brother of his duty towards his sister.
The festival of Rakshabandhan is a sign of unwavering love of brother and sister, which has been celebrated for years.  This festival, which maintains the faith of siblings, is celebrated on the full moon day of Shravan month.  Both brothers and sisters are eagerly waiting for this festival. Many brothers go to their sisters who are staying away to get Rakhi tied, while some sisters also come to tie Rakhi to their brothers.  While tying the rakhi, the sisters wish for the brother's long life and healthy life, and the brothers give her gifts and vow to protect her.
But there is a different tradition in many places.  In many places, daughters also tie rakhis their father or family elders, Brahmins and Gurus.  The basic feeling behind tying rakhi is assurance of love and protection.  The girls tie rakhi to their brother and father for this reason.

 But there are many stories behind why it is celebrated.

** Goddess Lakshmi celebrated Rakshabandhan festival to get Vishnu **

The first story is related to Lord Vishnu, according to which the fear of the gods increased when King Bali completed 110 yajnas.  They started to fear that with the power of yajnas, King Bali would also capture the heaven, so all the gods reached Lord Vishnu with a request to protect the heaven.
After which Vishnu, taking a Brahmin form appeared in front of King Bali and asked for alms.  In alms, the king promised to give him three steps of land.  But then Shree Shukracharya , the Guru of Bali, recognized Vishnu holding the Brahmin form and cautioned Bali about it but the king did not turn away from his word and donated three steps of land. During this time, Vishnu measured the heaven in one step and the earth in the second step in the form of Vamana.  Now it was the turn of the third step, but where should he put it?  On seeing the third step of Vamana moving, the king got upset, he could not understand what to do now and then he went ahead and put his head at the feet of Vaman Dev and said that you may put the third step here. In this way the king's right to live in heaven and earth was taken away and he was forced to live in the abyss.  It is said that when Bali went into the abyss, then with his effect of devotion, Bali took the promise of God being in front of him night and day and Lord Vishnu had to become his gatekeeper.  Due to this, mother Lakshmi, who was the ardhangini(Wife) of Vishnu, got upset.
Troubled by God's abyss residence, Lakshmi thought that what would happen to the Baikuntha loka if Swami(Lord) would reside as a gatekeeper in the abyss?  Narada suggested a solution to Lakshmi to solve this problem. Narada Muni suggested her to tie rakshasutra to Raja Bali as his brother and ask for Lord Vishnu as a gift. Goddess Lakshmi reached Patal Lok in disguise as a poor woman and tied rakshashutra to Raja Bali's wrist as suggested by Narada.
Then King Bali said, "I have nothing to give you."
 Then Goddess Lakshmi came in her real form and said, "You have Lord Vishnu.  I want the same. "
Lakshmi went to King Bali and tied rakhi and made him her brother.
King Bali allowed Lord Vishnu to accompany Goddess Lakshmi and maa Lakshmi brought her husband Lord Vishnu with her as a gift.While leaving, Lord Vishnu granted a boon to King Bali that he would reside in Patala loka for four months every year.  This four month is known as Chartumas which ranges from Devshayani Ekadashi to Devauthani Ekadashi. That day was the full moon day of Shravan, Raksha Bandhan started to be celebrated from that day itself.  Even today, Rakshabandhan is celebrated in many places as the basis of this story.

** Stories related to Raksha Bandhan related to Yama and Yamuna. **

According to the story of  mythological history, Yamraj, who we also know as the God of Death.  His sister was Yamuna ji. Yamraj ji used to be so busy with his work that once he did not come to meet her for the whole 12 years.Yamuna told Mother Ganga her problem, then  mother Ganga told Yamraj, why don't you meet your sister, she has been waiting for you for the whole 12 years and not once did you go to meet her.
Yamraj apologized for his mistake and said, "Okay, I go to Yamuna".  Yamraj went to Yamuna's house and asked for his sister's care. Yamuna made many dishes for her brother and for this greeting love of Yamuna, Yamraj ji asked, sister "What do you want to me ?"  I want to give you a boon.
On this, the sister told her Yamraj brother that brother, all I need is that you keep coming to my house again and again.
Yamraj ji, seeing his sister's love and loyalty, gave her the boon of becoming long life.  Since then, the festival of Rakshabandhan, the festival of brother and sister's love, is celebrated.

**Should husbands also tie Rakhi by wife on Rakshabandhan **

The festival of Rakshabandhan is generally considered a symbol of affection between brothers and sisters. But you will be surprised to know that this festival is not only about affection between brothers and sisters, but also related to husband-wife relationship and their well being. Perhaps you too have been surprised to hear this, so today I will tell you, what is the reason for this.The Bhavishypurana mentions a surprising story in this context. In the Satyuga there was an asura named Vritrasura who defeated the gods and captured heaven. It was a boon that there would be no effect on him any weapon made till that time. Due to which the Gods were facing defeat. After this, at the insistence of the gods, Maharishi Dadhichi gave up his body and Indra made weapons from his bones.
Devraj Indra met Guru Brihaspati before going to war with this weapon and said, 'I am going to battle Vritrasur for the last time. In this war, either I will be victorious or I will return only after attaining death in battle . Hearing this, his wife Shachi became worried after listening to her husband's words and tied a rakshashutra to Devraj Indra's wrist, after which Indra won this battle. It is clear that Shravan Purnima i.e. Rakshabandhan Rakshasutra can protect to husband and well being. Let us tell you that according to tradition, Purohit,Brahmin,Pandit also tie Rakshasutra.

**Krishna and Draupadi - A Sacred Relationship**

This story of Mahabharata about Rakshabandhan is very interesting.

Draupadi was the wife of the five Pandavas.  Sri Krishna was his friend and guru.  Once during Yudhishthira's Rajasuya Yajna, Shishupala, son of Shri Krishna's aunt started insulting Krishna and many others including Bhishma in assembly full of great kings and emperors. When he did not keep quiet even after refusing Shishupala, Sri Krishna eventually killed him with his Sudarshan Chakra.  However, while doing so, his finger got hurt and started bleeding. Seeing this, Draupadi quickly tore a part of her sari and tied it on Krishna's finger.  Seeing this, Shri Krishna was overwhelmed and told Draupadi that it is her debt on me and whenever she calls him, he will come to protect her. Shortly after some year , the Pandavas suffered a great defeat and humiliation at the hands of their cousins, the Kauravas, in the game of gambling . They lost everything including his kingdom by Duryodhana. On Duryodhana's orders, his brother Dusshasan forced Draupadi into the court and tried to undress her.  Draupadi, weeping with humiliation and shame, remembered Sri Krishna and to his miracle something happened that Dushasan kept pulling the sari but that had become a never ending garment. In this way, Draupadi was survived to undressing.  According to his promise, Shri Krishna protected Draupadi, and kept her shame.  Draupadi tied the piece of her sari on Krishna's finger, it was her rakhi.
The mythological history of Raksha Bandhan tells the story of Krishna and Draupadi that it is perhaps the most popular folklore in Hindu culture behind this festival.
Once during the care of the sugarcane, Lord Krishna's finger was cut off, which caused a lot of bleeding.  Seeing this scene, Rani Rukmani immediately sent someone to tie the bandage. Meanwhile Draupadi was with him, after this Draupadi cut a cloth and tied it on Krishna's bleeding finger, after which the blood stopped flowing.  After this, Lord Krishna blessed, pledged to protect her whenever needed, and once the non-cooperation incident with Draupadi was happening, it was Krishna who helped save his honor.

**Importance of Rakshasutra - Yudhishthira tied Rakhi to his soldiers.**

 It is about the time when the war of Mahabharata was going on.  Then Yudhishthira once asked Lord Krishna - "O Madhusudan!  Is there any way to ensure our victory? "
Then Lord Krishna said - “O Kunti son Yudhishthira!  You should tir rakshashutra to all your soldiers, victory will be yours. ”  Then Yudhishthira did the same and emerged victorious. "
The day Yudhishthira tied the Rakshasutra to his soldiers was also the day of Shravan Purnima.  Therefore, a rakhi is also tied to soldiers on this day.

**Story on Rakshabandhan related to Santoshi Maa**


Lord Ganesha had two sons, Shubh and Laabh ..

These two brothers used to suffer the desire of a sister.  Both Shubh and Laabh expressed their wish in front of Lord Ganesha and said, O God, please show your's kindness to us and we wish a sister, please give us a sister. Sages-Saints and Narada ji also asked Ganesha to produced a daughter.  Ganesh ji  thought and Ganesh ji expressed the wish of a daughter to his two wives Mata Riddhi-Siddhi.

Mother Riddhi Siddhi then gave birth to a daughter with her power.  Her name is Mother Santoshi.  Mother Santoshi listens to all the devotees, she is born for human welfare. With the apperance of mother Santoshi, both Shubha and Laabh got a sister from whom they completed the festival of Rakshabandhan and even today, the worship of mother Santoshi ji is done all over India .

**Story of Mewar's Rani Karnavati and Humayun**



 Among the many stories of Raksha Bandhan, the story of Rani Karnavati and king Humayun is also prevalent, which gets our attention the most, perhaps because of its historical significance.  Maharani Karnavati was the queen of the princely state of Mewar, after the death of  Rana Sanga, she was appointed to perform the duties of administration.  Maharani Karnavati was ruling in the name of her elder son - Vikramjit.  After this, when Bahadur Shah attacked Mewar for the second time, Rani Karnavati lost her everything and went to other rulers for the protection and support of her subjects. When the queen saw no choice, she sent a message to Humayun.  Rani Karnavati considered Humayun as her brother.  So to deal with this problem, Rani sent a rakhi along with the message to Humayun, in this message she requested for help. But the Mughal king himself was stranded in the midst of a military campaign in Bengal, so unfortunately this message reached him late as if he got this message from the queen, he assured that he would reach there on time to help her. But unfortunately, he could not reach on time and by the time the army arrived, there was victory of Bahadur Shah and queen finished her life jump into the fire. However, it is interesting to know that Himayun's father Babur once defeated her husband Rana Sanga when he led a confederation of Rajput armies in the year 1527.

**Alexander the ruler of Greece and Rakhi**

These two brothers used to suffer the desire of a sister.  Both Shubh and Laabh expressed their wish in front of Lord Ganesha and said, O God, please show your's kindness to us and we wish a sister, please give us a sister. Sages-Saints and Narada ji also asked Ganesha to produced a daughter.  Ganesh ji  thought and Ganesh ji expressed the wish of a daughter to his two wives Mata Riddhi-Siddhi.

Mother Riddhi Siddhi then gave birth to a daughter with her power.  Her name is Mother Santoshi.  Mother Santoshi listens to all the devotees, she is born for human welfare. With the apperance of mother Santoshi, both Shubha and Laabh got a sister from whom they completed the festival of Rakshabandhan and even today, the worship of mother Santoshi ji is done all over India .

**Ravindranath Tagore gave new meaning to Rakhi**

The great poet and Nobel Laureate Ravindranath Tagore gave a new meaning to this festival of Rakhi.  He believed that Rakhi is not only a festival of brother-sister relationships, but it is a festival of humanity.  During the partition of Bengal, Vindranath Tagore had organized Rakshabandhan to increase the feeling of brotherhood between Hindus and Muslims. Ravindranath Tagore encouraged Hindus and Muslims to tie rakhi to each other.  So that peace remains.  He organized a public awareness on this festival to protest against the partition of Bengal and made this festival a symbol of unity and brotherhood.  In the Indian freedom struggle of 1947, this festival was also taken for public awakening. From this perspective, in a sense it has become our national festival.

**Story of Chandrashekhar Azad**

The struggle for independence was going on all over India.  The British were behind Chandrasekhar.  Chandrashekhar Azad was looking for a place to escape from the British.  He then reached a house where a widow lived with her daughter.  Chandrashekhar Azad was strong & healthy with his body.
Seeing him, the widow woman felt that any robber had arrived.  Thinking the same, the widow refused to give him a place.  When the woman came to know during the conversation that he was Chandrashekhar Azad, the widowed woman respectfully gave him a place in her house.  Chandrashekhar Azad while living there realized that the widow's daughter could not get married due to poverty.
Then Chandrashekhar Azad said to the woman, “The British have placed a reward of five thousand rupees on me.  You can get those rupees by giving my information and marry your daughter. "

Hearing this, the widow wept and she told to Azad,

Brother!  You are always ready to sacrifice own life for the freedom of the country, and do not know how many daughters have respect for you. ”
Saying this, the woman tied the thread on the wrist of Chandrashekhar Azad and get promised to serve the country.  When the widowed woman woke up in the morning last night, she got five thousand rupees under her pillow.  A paper was placed on it, on which it was written: - "A small gift for my dear sister - Azad."
Raksha Bandhan festival is a part of the tradition of thousands of years in Indian society.  While many mythological stories are prevalent behind this festival, on the other hand there is a feeling of love, trust and protection between brother and sister. This festival is the most beautiful symbol of the sanctity of relationships in the Indian tradition.  This festival is celebrated on the full moon day of the month of Shravan to build the trust of brothers and sisters in the families.  On this day, every year the sister ties a rakhi to the brother's wrist and brother pledges to protect the sister. In fact, our ancestors have organized many festivals in Indian civilization to preserve the sanctity of relationships and to increase mutual goodwill and love among family members.
These festivals have kept alive the dignity and moral obligation between human relations within Indian society and tradition till date.  The society has been living a dignity tied in these festivals of blood relations.  The importance of festivals like Rakshabandhan has been the balance between nature and society.

Vishnu ji had to raised Sudarshan Chakra when Shiva did Taandava.

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