Showing posts with label Chhath Puja. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Chhath Puja. Show all posts

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Spiritual and scientific significance of Chhath Puja.




||  Know, Chhath Puja - Spiritual Science ||

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 Chhath or Surya-puja is performed from the Mahabharata period.  It is said that Chhath-puja was started by Suryaputra Karna.  Karna was the supreme devotee of Lord Surya.  According to the Puranas, he used to offer arghya to the sun by standing in the water for hours every day.  He became a great warrior by the grace of Surya.  Another description of Surya Puja is found in Mahabharata.  According to this, Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, wished for the best health of her family and performed regular sun worship for a long life.



 Chhathpuja is a festival mainly associated with Sun worship, which has a special place in Sanatan Dharma.  Among the deities of Sanatana Dharma, Surya is such a deity that can be seen in tangible form.
 The main sources of Sun's powers are his wife Usha and Pratyusha.  In Chhath, there is a combined worship of both the powers along with the Sun.  In the morning, the first ray (Usha) of the Sun and the last ray (Pratyusha) of the Sun in the evening are offered to both of them.
 Suryopasana Rig has been happening in India since Vedic period.  The Sun and its worship are discussed in detail in Vishnu Purana, Bhagavata Purana, Brahma Vaivarta Purana etc.  By the middle ages, Chhath became revered as the systematic festival of Suryopasana, which is still going on.


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 Chhath-festival is of four days.  It starts from the third day of Bhai Dooj.  On the first day, sandha salt, ghee made of arva rice and pumpkin vegetable are taken as prasad.
 Fasting starts from the next day.  Kheer is made at night on this day.  Fasters take this prasad at night.
 Arghya means milk to the sun on the third day.
 Arghya is offered to the rising sun on the last day.  In this worship, purity is taken care of;  Garlic is onion taboos.  It is said in the Bhavishya Purana, that this fast, dedicated to Lord Surya, should be observed on the Shashti Tithi of the Shukla Paksha of each month.  It is said that whatever desire is expressed on the Chhath-festival from Surya and Shashti Mata is definitely fulfilled within a year.
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 What to do on this day -

 * Bathing of Ganga is of special importance on this day, the person who cannot go to take a bath in the Ganges, should take a few drops of Ganga water in the bath water at home and take bath.
 * Suryopasana as soon as the sun god rises in the morning.  Keep in mind that do not worship Suryop until Sun God is visible directly.
 * Chant Surya Mantras.
 * Take Panchagavya.
 * Eat salt-free food once a day.
 * Red color is very dear to Sun God, so he is offered saffron, red sandalwood, red flowers, red fruits, gulal, red cloth, red sweets etc.



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 Chhath Puja related to science

 * Chhath-Parv is the festival of Sanatan Dharma celebrated on the Shashti Tithi of Kartik Shukla.  The scientific basis behind Chhath-puja is hidden.  Dasual Shashthi Tithi (Chhath) is a special astronomical event.  At this time, the sun's ultraviolet rays collect more than normal on the surface of the Earth.  The ability to protect humans from its ill effects lies in this tradition.  According to this festival, the sun (star) protects organisms from the harmful effects of light (ultraviolet rays).
 * Along with sunlight, its ultraviolet rays also fall on the Moon and Earth.  When sunlight reaches the earth, it first gets atmosphere.  Upon entering the atmosphere, he gets the first Ayan Mandal.  Using ultraviolet rays, the atmosphere synthesizes its oxygen element and converts it into its allotropic ozone.  By this action, most of the sun's ultraviolet rays are absorbed into the Earth's atmosphere.  Only a negligible part of it reaches the surface of the Earth.  Under normal conditions, the amount of ultraviolet rays reaching the surface of the Earth is within the range of tolerance of humans or organisms.


Therefore, it does not have any special harmful effects on humans in normal stages, rather harmful germs die by that sunlight, which benefits human life only.



 From the scientific point of view,





 there is a special astronomical change on the sixth day (Chhath), at this time, the ultra violet rays of the Sun collect more than normal on the surface of the Earth, due to this its possible  The ability to protect humans as much as possible from ill effects is gained.  It is possible to protect organisms from the harmful effects of sun (star) light (ultraviolet rays) from observance of the festival.  Earth's creatures get a lot of benefit from this.  Along with sunlight, its ultraviolet rays also hit the Moon and Earth.  When the sunlight reaches the earth, the atmosphere is first met.  Upon entering the atmosphere, it gets an ion system.  Using ultraviolet rays, the atmosphere synthesizes its oxygen element and converts it into its allotropic ozone.  By this action, most of the sun's ultraviolet rays are absorbed into the Earth's atmosphere.  Only a negligible part of it reaches the surface of the Earth.  Under normal conditions, the amount of ultraviolet rays reaching the surface of the Earth is within the range of tolerance of humans or organisms.  Therefore, it does not have any special harmful effects on humans in the normal state, rather the harmful germs die by that sunlight, which benefits man or life.  The celestial position of the Chhath (at both ends of the equator of the moon and the Earth's traveling plane) reaches the Earth again in greater quantities than the sun's ultraviolet rays, reflected from some lunar surface and some spherical refracted.  Recurring from the atmosphere levels, at sunset and sunrise it becomes even more dense.  According to astrological calculations, this event comes after six days of Kartik and Chaitra month.  Being based on astrological calculations, it is named nothing else but Chhath festival.



Chhath Puja Introduction and Importance.


Mahaparva Chhath Puja is of special importance, know some important things related to this festival.

 Chhath Puja, the Mahaparava of Surya worship, is performed on the sixth day immediately after the five-day Diwali festival.  Preparations for this puja are going on in full swing.  Bihar has been the main center of this festival celebrated in eastern India, but with the passage of time, this festival is being celebrated not only in the whole country but also abroad.  According to the Hindi calendar, this Mahaparava is celebrated from Chaturthi Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month to Saptami Tithi.  On this festival lasting four days, the whole family gathers together and celebrates it with pomp.  Let us tell you everything related to this festival ...
he beginning of fasting with Nahai-Khay.
 Starting from the Chaturthi date of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month, this mahaparva is known by many names like Chhath Puja, Chhathi Mai, Surya Shashthi Puja Chhath, Chhath Mai Puja, Dala Chhath, etc.  This time Chhath Puja starts from October 31.  On the first day of Chhath Puja, there is a bath.  It is believed that before performing this fast, both body and mind should be clean.  On the day of Nahay-Khay, the devotees take bath and wear new clothes and eat pure satvik food.  On this day, eating gram and lentil vegetables is of special importance.

 Swear on the second day of the fast.  .

 Kharna is to be done on the second day after Nahay-Khay.  On the day of Kharna, the fasters do not eat or drink anything throughout the day.  In the evening, Jaggery Kheer is made as a special offering by fasting stripes.  The Vratis take this prasad after performing the Puja.  The Prasad is given to all the members of the household after receiving the offerings of fasting stripes.  On this day, Vratis also make offerings for the next day's worship.  This time Kharna is on 1 November.

 Arghya to the setting sun on the third day.


The worship of the rising sun has special significance in Hinduism.  But during Chhath Puja, the setting sun is worshiped.  The fasters keep the Nirjala fast throughout the day and prepare for worship in the evening.  In the river or pond, the devotees stand and offer the sun to the drowning sun.  After offering arghya to the Sun, the devotees start preparing for the next day's worship.  This time this arghya will be given on 2 November.

 End of worship on the fourth day.

 The worship ends on the fourth day of Chhath Puja i.e. Saptami Tithi.  The rising sun is worshiped on this day.  The fast ends this time on 3 November.  After worshiping the Sun, offerings are made to the people present there.

 Normally, people consider taking something as inferior, but there is a special tradition of eating offerings after offering arghya in Chhath Puja.  Behind this tradition of asking for prasadam, this belief is also told that it destroys arrogance.  It is natural for everyone to be proud of this great tradition of India.

 Importance of 'Chhath Puja'

 This worship has special significance in Bihar.  This Mahaparava is also known by the names of Chhath Puja, Chhathi Mai Puja, Dala Chhath, Surya Shashthi Puja and Chhath Parv. This festival of four days includes Nahai Khay, Kharana, Sandhya Ghat and Bhorwa Ghat.
 Apart from religious significance, there are a lot of scientific facts associated with these rituals.  During this puja, devotees pray on the river bank during sunrise or sunset.  It has been proved in science that during this time the ultraviolet rays of the sun are very low and it is beneficial for the body to stay in sunlight during this time.





Chhath Puja: narration, history, story, preparation, tradition and greatness


.  "Chhath Puja"

 Thursday 31 October 2019 (Nahai-Khay)

 Friday, 01 November 2019, (Kharna)

 Saturday 02 November 2019, (evening prayer)

 Sunday 03 November 2019, (Morning)

 Chhath is a Hindu festival celebrated every year with great eagerness by the people.  It is a very ancient festival of Hinduism, dedicated to the God of energy, also known as Surya or Surya Shashthi.  People celebrate this festival to thank Lord Surya for getting the blessings of life on earth forever.  People worship Lord Surya with great enthusiasm and pray for success and progress for the good of their family members, friends and elders.  According to Hindu religion, the worship of Surya is related to the treatment of certain diseases like leprosy etc.

 On this day, it is customary to get up early and bathe in the holy Ganga and fast for the whole day, even they do not drink water and stand in water for a long time.  They offer offerings and arghya to the rising sun.  It is celebrated in various states of India, such as Bihar, U.P., Jharkhand and Nepal.  According to Hindu calendar, it is celebrated on the sixth day of the Kartik month (in October and November).
 In some places Chaitri is celebrated a few days after Holi in the month of Chhatra Chaitra (March and April).  It is named Chhath because it is celebrated on the sixth day of Kartik month.  Chhath Puja is very famous in Dehri-on-Sone, Patna, Dev and Gaya.  It is now celebrated all over India.

 "History"

 Chhath Puja has great importance in Hinduism and it is believed that the king had requested the old priests to come and do traditional worship of Lord Surya.  He recited mantras and sources from the ancient Rigveda and worshiped the Sun God.  The ancient Chhath Puja was performed by the Pandavas and Draupadi of Hastinapur (New Delhi) to solve their problems and regain their kingdom.  It is also believed that Chhath Puja was started by Surya son Karna.  He was a great warrior during the Mahabharata war and was the ruler of Angadesh (Munger district of Bihar).
 On the day of Chhath Puja, Chhathi Maiya (wife of Lord Surya) is also worshiped, Chhath Maiya is also known as Usha in the Vedas.  Usha means morning (first ray of the day).  People pray to the sixth maiya to overcome their troubles as well as to attain salvation or liberation.
 The second historical story behind celebrating Chhath Puja is that of Lord Rama.  It is believed that after 14 years of exile when Lord Rama and Mother Sita came back to Ayodhya and fasted during the coronation, worshiped Lord Surya in the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month.  From that time, Chhath Puja became an important and traditional festival of Hinduism and people started celebrating the same date every year.

 "Legend"

 Long time ago, there was a king named Priyavrata and his wife was Malini.  He lived very happily but there was a lot of grief left in his life that he had no children.  With the help of Maharishi Kashyap, he decided to perform a huge yagna for the blessings of children.  Due to the effect of yajna, his wife became pregnant.  But after 9 months they gave birth to a dead child.  The king was very sad and decided to commit suicide.  While suddenly committing suicide, a goddess appeared in front of him.  Devi said, I am Devi VI and whoever worships me with a pure mind and soul, definitely gets a child.  King Priyavrat did the same and he got a beautiful and loving child as a blessing of the Goddess.  Since then, people started celebrating Chhath Puja.



"Preparation"

 In the worship of Chhath, every method and legislation has been given importance.  Worshiping material is of special importance in these statutes as well as Chhath Puja is considered incomplete without these materials.  The complete list of the worship material which is important for Chhath Puja is as follows: - Bamboo or Pital Soup, Daura made from bamboo shafts, Dulia and Dagra, Coconut with water, Sugarcane with leaf, Mouth, Sweet potato, Turmeric and  Ginger plant (good if green), pear, lemon big, honey box, betel nut and betel nut, carav, vermilion, camphor, kumkum, rice (Akshat), sandalwood, sweets.  In addition, home-made dishes such as Thekuva, Crispy, Puva, also known as Tikri in some areas, Rice Laddus, also known as Ladua, etc. are included in the ingredients of Chhath Pujan.

 "Tradition"

 It is believed that a person performing Chhath Puja is separated from his main family for 4 days after the period of abstinence after taking a holy bath.  Throughout the period he sleeps on the floor with a blanket with pure emotion.  It is generally believed that once a family starts Chhath Puja, they and their next generation will have to perform this Puja every year and it can be left only if someone has died in that year.
 Devotees offer offerings to Surya in a small bamboo basket with sweets, kheer, thekua and fruits on Chhath.  Prasad is prepared without salt, onion and garlic to maintain purity.  It is a 4-day festival which includes: -
 On the first day, the devotees bathe in the holy waters of the Ganges early in the morning and bring some water houses to prepare their offerings.  On this day, cleanliness should be done around the house and the house.  They take a time meal, known as pumpkin-rice, which is made in copper or earthen pot using only wood sticks on an earthen stove.
 On the second day (one day before Chhath) on Panchami, the devotees fast for the whole day and in the evening open the fast after the sun sets after the worship of Prithvi (earth).  They offer kheer, puri, and fruits in worship.  After eating food in the evening, they fast for 36 hours without drinking water.
 On the third day (on the sixth day) they offer sandhya arghya at the ghat along the river.  After wearing Arghya, she wears yellow saree.  Other family members wait to receive blessings from Pooja.  The traditional program is celebrated on the night of Chhath by lighting clay lamps covered with five canes on Kosi.  The five sugarcane represent the five elements (earth, water, fire, air and sky) that make up the human body.
 On the morning of the fourth day (Paruna), devotees along with their family and friends offer Bihaniya Arghya on the banks of the river Ganges.  Devotees open the fast by eating Chhath Prasad.

 "Importance"


 Chhath Puja has a special significance during sunrise and sunset.  The time of sunrise and sunset is the most important time of day during which a human body can safely receive solar energy without any harm.  This is the reason that there is a myth of giving Sandhya Arghya and Vihania Arghya to Sun in Chhath Festival.  During this period, the level of ultraviolet radiation in solar energy is low then it is safe for human body.  People perform Chhath Puja to thank Lord Surya for continuing life on earth as well as receiving blessings.
 The ritual of Chhath Puja, by purification (body and mind) provides mental peace, increases energy levels and immunity, greatly reduces the frequency of burning anger, as well as negative emotions.  It is also believed that Chhath Puja helps slow down the aging process.  Such beliefs and customs make the Chhath ritual the most important festival in Hinduism.
 "Chhath Puja date in 2019"
 Thursday 31 October 2019 is a day for bathing and eating. (Nahai-Khay)
 Friday, 01 November 2019, is a day of fasting that ends after sunset after a fast of 36 hours. (Kharna)
 Saturday 02 November 2019 is the day of Sandhya Arghya which is known as Sandhya Pujan.  (Evening prayer)
 Sunday 03 November 2019, Sunrise is the opening day of Arghya and Paran or fasting.  (Early morning)

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