Story of curses(PART-09)
Welcome friends .... I hope you all like the stories of the curse series. Taking forward the stories of the curse series, the next part is presented to you. Like the previous part, this part too will be liked by you. At the end of this ninth part, all of you will get a link to the eighth part. If you like, do share my article on social media.
62. Lord Shiva cursed to maa Parvati.Lord Shiva was explaining about the Vedas to his wife Goddess Parvati in detail on Mount Kailash one day. Explanations and discussions went on for many years. One day Parvati lost her concentration. As a result, Lord Shiva became angry and in anger, he said, "Go to earth and take birth as a fisherman". Goddess Parvati disappeared as soon as the words came out of Lord Shiva's mouth. Later Lord Shiva said, Oh! What did i do? Lord Shiva shouted in despair that I could not live without my beloved wife.
Lord Shiva started to remain unhappy for days. His devotee Nandi was unable to see his guru unhappily. He thought, My Lord will be happy only when his love comes back to Mount Kailash.
Meanwhile, Goddess Parvati took the form of a baby girl on earth. The head of the fisherman community saw the girl under the tree. Took the girl home and brought her the name of Parvati as her daughter. Years passed and soon Parvati became a beautiful young girl. She used to help her father catch fish. On the other side of Mount Kailash, Lord Shiva was still distraught for his wife. Nandi went to him and said, "O Lord, why don't you call mother here"? "I cannot do that, Nandi. According to his birth she is destined to marry a fisherman", Lord Shiva said with a sad heart.
Nandi said to himself, "Oh, is that so, I have to do something about it". The next day Nandi took the form of a big fish. He went to the part of the sea where fishermen used to come fishing. He started harassing the fishermen. The fishermans went to the chief fisherman with his complaint. He told them that "we can no longer catch fish in the sea, because a big fish overturns our boats and ruins the nets".
Hearing the complaints of the fishermens, the chief fisherman announced, "Whoever catches that fish will be allowed to marry my daughter Parvati". Many young fishermen tried one by one but none could catch the fish. Then the chief fisherman prayed to Lord Shiva, "Oh God, please help us get rid of this big fish". Goddess Parvati also prayed. "God, please come to help us". Lord Shiva heard the prayers of Parvati. He took the form of a young and beautiful fisherman. He went to the chief fisherman and said, "I have come here to help you.
I will catch that fish and then marry your daughter Parvati ". When the young and beautiful fisherman (Lord Shiva) went to sea to catch the fish, Nandi was very happy. Nandi was in the form of a fish at that time. The young fisherman caught the fish.
Then the chief fisherman married his daughter Parvati to the young fisherman. Thus Lord Shiva once again regained Goddess Parvati as his beloved wife.
63. Lord Vishnu cursed to mother Lakshmi.
The pair of Lord Vishnu and Maa Lakshmi is considered to be the most beautiful pair, that is why most of their pictures are taken together, both Lord Vishnu and Maa Lakshmi contribute to movement the world, where Lord Vishnu preserve the world. Maa Lakshmi brings prosperity to this world, but there was a time when Maa Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu had to separate. The story of curses is behind this. Today I will tell two stories in this context.
(a). 1st story.According to ancient stories, once Lord Vishnu made up a plan to roam the earth, but when Goddess Lakshmi came to know about this, she also insisted to walk with him, for which Vishnu refused but she did not listen and Vishnu ji was forced to take them along, Vishnu ji agreed to take Goddess Lakshmi with him, but he placed a condition in front of Goddess Lakshmi, he said that you will not see any other direction nor will touch anything without asking, Mother Lakshmi immediately heard and said yes to.
When both Vishnu and Maa Lakshmi reached the earth, the weather of the earth was very beautiful because it had rained a day before and sunrise was also happening, seeing such beautiful view, Goddess Lakshmi was mesmerized and did not care. When she has come in the north direction and she forgot her promise to Lord Vishnu, due to which she plucked flowers from a garden, but when she broke the flower and came back to Vishnu, there were tears in the eyes of Vishnu, when Mata Lakshmi asked her the reason, then he said that you should not touch anyone's thing without asking it. She remembered very sad and then Vishnu ji said that you will surely get the punishment of mistake, he cursed Mother that in the garden from where she has plucked flowers . That gardener's home you will be live as maid then you will be able to enter the Baikuntha.
After this, Mother Lakshmi took the form of a poor woman and went to near the gardener's house to ask for shelter and told the gardener that she had no one to help them. The gardener was a kind person, took pity on mother Lakshmi and took them into his house as own daughter and from the very next day everything started getting better with the gardener and all his flowers were sold together. By the evening he bought a cow and upon seeing it his desire was complete , that gardener always felt that this was happening since the arrival of the girl.
Once the gardener went to own house, saw that a jewel-laden woman with a glazing face was sitting at his house, and when he went near her, he recognized that this is his daughter who is mother Lakshmi herself.
Knowing this, he said to Mother Lakshmi, Mother forgive me, I made you work, I have committed a crime, on hearing this, Mother Lakshmi said that Madhava you are a very good person, you gave me a place in your house, like your daughter, in return I give you a boon that there will never be a shortage of wealth in your life, you will get all the happiness of the world, saying that, Goddess Lakshmi again went to Baikunth.
2nd story:----Once upon a time, Shrihari was seated with Lakshmi in Vaikuntha . At the same time Revanta arrived on board the horse named Uchchehashrava. Uchchehashrava horse was very beautiful in appearance. His beauty could not be compared to any other horse. Therefore, Lakshmi ji kept looking at the beauty of that horse. When Lord Vishnu found Lakshmi mesmerized and looking at horse, he sought to divert her attention from horse, but Lakshmi ji was engrossed in seeing. Lakshmi ji did not get disturbed even after repeated stirs by Lord Vishnu, considering it to be disregarded, Lord Vishnu got angry and cursed Lakshmi- "You have lost so much in the beauty of this horse that I have once - even after stirs, you kept your attention in it, so you become mare. "
When Lakshmi was distracted and the curse was discovered, she started offering prayers to Lord Vishnu with a dedicated gesture - "I will not be able to live for a single moment in your disconnection, so please bless me and take back own curse."
Then Vishnu corrected his curse and said- "The curse cannot be withdrawn completely. But yes, you will get rid of this curse after childbirth in your mare form and you will come back to me again. "
Goddess Lakshmi, who became a mare due to the curse of Lord Vishnu, started doing austerities of Lord Shiva at the confluence of Yamuna and Tamsa river. Pleased with Lakshmi's tenacity, Shiva came with Parvati. He asked Lakshmi ji the reason for doing penance, then Lakshmi ji told him all the things related to becoming mare and prayed for her salvation. Then Lord Shiva said- “Goddess! You don't worry For this, I will explain to Vishnu that he should take a horse form and please you and make a son like own so that you can go back to him soon. ”
Lakshmi ji was very happy to hear Lord Shiva things. She started realizing that I would soon be free from the curse and get Sri Hari (Vishnu). Lord Shiva left from there. Lakshmi ji, who was form a mare, was again in austerity. Lots of time elapsed. But Lord Vishnu did not come near her. Then she remembered Lord Shiva again. Lord Shiva appeared. He satisfied Lakshmi ji and said- “Devi! Be patient . The result of patience is sweet. Vishnu will surely come near you in the form of horse. "
Saying this, Lord Shiva became impeded. Upon reaching Kailash, Lord Shiva started thinking how to make Vishnu as a horse and send near to Lakshmi. In the end, he sent one of his gana-Chitrupa to Vishnu by making him a messenger. Chitrupa reached the Lord Vishnu. Knowing that the messenger of Lord Shiva has come, Lord Vishnu asked the messenger to tell all the news.
The messenger told him all the words of Lord Shiva. Finally, Lord Vishnu agreed to become horse by accepting Shiva's proposal. He took the form of horse and reached the confluence of Yamuna and Tapasa where Lakshmi was doing austerities by taking the form of mare.
Lakshmi ji was very happy to see Lord Vishnu coming in the form of horse. The two began to move and love together. Shortly after, Lakshmi Ji became pregnant as a mare. In due course, a beautiful child was born from the womb of mare. After that Lakshmi ji went to Vaikuntha Sri Hari Vishnu.
After Laxmi ji left, the responsibility of raising that child was taken by Yayati's son Turvasu, because he was inferior to his children and was performing a yajna to get a son. The boy was named Haihay. Later, the descendants of Haihay are called Haihayavanshi.
64. Mata Parvati cursed to Lord Vishnu, Narada, Kartikeya and Ravana .It is said in the Puranas that one should never cheat with anyone in life, because whoever we cheat with, one gets hurt after knowing the truth. In this case, the 'ah' emanating from his heart reaches God directly. On the other hand, the curse given by a true human being can hurt and hurt any person.
A similar story involving deception is found in Vamanapurana, in which Mata Parvati could not bear the deceit committed by Shiva and other gods herself and gets angry and curses other gods including Shiva. Once Lord Shankar expressed his desire to play dutya (gambling) with Mata Parvati.
Lord Shankar lost everything in this game. After losing, Bholenath went on the banks of the Ganga, wearing his leaves clothes while making his Leela. When Kartikeya came to know about the whole thing, he came to take back all the things from Mata Parvati. This time Parvati ji lost in the game and Karthikeya went back with all the goods of Shankar. Now Parvati also got worried that all the stuff also went away and her husband also got away. When Parvati told her grief to her beloved son Ganesha, the mother devotee Ganesha himself came to Lord Shankar to play the game.
Ganesh won and returned and told the news of his victory to Mata. Parvati said that she should have brought her father along. Ganesh then set out to search for Bholenath. He met Bholenath in Haridwar. At that time, Bholenath was traveling with Lord Vishnu and Kartikeya. Angered with Parvati, Bholenath refused to return. Ravana, a devotee of Bholenath, frightened Ganesha's vehicle mushak(rat) as a cat. Rat escaped leaving Ganesh.
Lord Vishnu took the form of dice with the wish of Bholenath. Ganesh told Bholenath about the sadness of his mother. On this, Bholenath said, "I have made a new dice. If your mother agrees to play the game again, I can go back."
On Ganesh's assurance, Bholenath returned to Parvati and asked to play the game. Parvati laughed at this and said, what is you have so that the game can be played. Hearing this, Bholenath became silent. On this Narada ji gave his veena etc. to him.
In this game, Bholenath started winning every time. After throwing a couple of dice, Ganesh understood and he revealed to Goddess Parvati the secret of taking the dice form of Lord Vishnu. Parvati ji got angry after hearing the whole thing.
Ravana tried to convince Mata, but his anger did not calm down and with anger he cursed Bholenath that the burden of the Ganges stream would remain on his head. Narada got the curse of never staying in one place. Cursed Lord Vishnu that this Ravana would be your enemy and cursed Ravana that only Vishnu will destroy you. Kartikeya was also cursed by Mother Parvati to always remain in the form of a child.
65. Maa Lakshmi cursed to Lord Vishnu.It is a matter of ancient times, Lord Vishnu had to fight with the demons continuously for ten thousand years. At the end of the war, he went to his residence in Vaikuntha and meditated. His bow's thread was tight, due to tired of war, he soon fell asleep in that state and he himself bowed a little with the help of his bow.
On the other hand, in order to carry out all their work in heaven, the gods thought to perform the yajna, but due to they were afraid of the fear of the asuras may destroy the yajna. They went to the shelter of Brahma Ji with his problem, then Brahma Ji asked the gods to seek the help of Lord Vishnu and went to Vaikuntha with the gods themselves. On reaching there, he found Lord Vishnu lying unconscious in yoganidra, and all the gods started trying to awaken him. When all the gods were unable to awaken them, Brahmaji produced a worm named Vamri. On the orders of Brahma ji, that worm cut the thread of the bow with its sharp teeth, on which Lord Vishnu was sleeping with support. As soon as the thread of the bow was cut, there was a terrible explosion and there was a dark darkness in the whole universe, which scared all the gods.
When darkness fell, all the Gods were stunned to see Lord Vishnu, because Lord Vishnu's head had become separated and his head became invisible. Seeing this situation of Lord Vishnu, all the gods got worried, then on the advice of Brahma Ji, the gods praised Mahamaya Bhagwati Goddess Durga. Mother Durga appeared in front of the gods. When the Gods asked about the state of Lord Vishnu, the Goddess said, O Gods! A monster named Hayagriva (horse-necked) tried to please me with his hard penance, pleased with his penance, I gave him a boon that he will die by hand of Hayagreeva. After receiving a boon from me, Hayagreeva became involved in the works of sin, he started torturing sages-saints, and for his death I created my illusion.
Due to my illusion, Lord Vishnu once upon a time saw the beautiful form of Goddess Lakshmi, laughing at Lord Vishnu like this, Goddess Lakshmi felt insulted and she cursed Vishnu to be headless.
Due to the this curse, Lord Vishnu's forehead is separated from his torso. Then the Maa Durga said to the gods, that monster is sure to end, so you are cut off the head of an horse and put it on the torso of Lord Vishnu. Due to the head of the horse is this form of Lord Vishnu will be known as Hayagreeva. This was done according to the orders of Brahma and as soon as the head of the horse was attached to the torso of Lord Vishnu, he became the incarnation of Hayagreeva. Lord Hayagriva and demon Hayagriva fought a war of many years in which the demon Hayagriva was killed, thus a great enemy of the gods was killed by the grace of Lord Vishnu.
66. Maa Ganga and maa Saraswati cursed to each other.According to the Brahmavarta Purana, Lord Vishnu's three wives Lakshmi, Ganga and Saraswati argue among themselves and started cursing each other.
Let us know what was the reason behind this.
According to the legend, Lord Vishnu had three wives - Lakshmi, Ganga and Saraswati. The trio always tried to keep Narayan happy so that they could get their special love. Goddess Lakshmi and Mother Saraswati became jealous once upon seeing Shrihari's greater love for Goddess Ganga.
On this, Lakshmi ji did not say anything, but Saraswati ji told Lord Vishnu a lot of bad things for this bias. Lakshmi tried to stop her, but due to anger she continued to rebuke Narayan. She also called Goddess Ganga to bad things. Fed up with this quarrel, Lord Vishnu went out of Vaikuntha for some time. Saraswati felt very sad to see Narayan going out like this, but he also understood the reason for Goddess Ganga. In the same anger, she was inspired to hit the Ganges. Seeing this sin, Lakshmi could not stay away from her and she came in between them.
She tried to calm them both by explaining. Goddess Ganga calmed down due to this, but the anger of Saraswati increased further. Thus, due to coming in the middle, she got angry and cursed Lakshmi to become a tree.
Goddess Lakshmi immediately turned into a basil plant under the influence of Saraswati's curse. Seeing innocent Lakshmi being cursed in such a way, now Ganga was also angry. She cursed Saraswati to become a river and flow on the ground floor. Unhappy with this, Saraswati also cursed Ganga to become a river and carry the ash of humans. When Lord Vishnu came back, he came to know about the curse of Saraswati and Ganga. At the same time, seeing Lakshmi transformed into a plant, she felt immense sorrow. Due to the calm nature and well-being of Goddess Lakshmi, he thought it appropriate to keep him with her as his wife. Thinking that such a situation could come back, he decided to sacrifice Goddess Ganga and Goddess Saraswati.
When both of them came to know about this, they apologized to Lord Vishnu. Then Srihari said that the Ganges will descend on the earth to wash away the sins of humans. At the same time, she will remain in his feet as part, in the kamandal of the Brahma and also in the jatas of Mahadev.
Saraswati will also flow with her on the ground floor and will also live with him as a part. Only Goddess Lakshmi will live in Baikunth, becoming his wife completely. Along with this, he also took the form of Shaligram and reached the Tulsi form of Goddess Lakshmi and marriage with her.
It is said that Ganga and Saraswati have been flowing on the earth as a river due to each other's curse since then. Goddess Saraswati's curse has ended and that is why she has returned to her world and Goddess Ganga will also be completely disappear by completing her curse by the end of Kali Yuga. But even today, the confluence of Ganga and Saraswati can be seen in Prayag.
67. Mata Parvati cursed to Shiva's gan Bhiringi.Shiva and Parvati are one form, both merge into one. That is why Lord Ardhanarishwar takes a form. A Shiva devotee could not accept this truth. Shiva then showed him Ardhanarishwar form. Also punished for his audacity. Carefully read the story of that prominent Shivgana Bhringi, then you will have some idea of this relation of Shiva-Parvati.
The special thing about Bhringi is that they have three legs. How did the Bhiringi have three legs? There is a story behind this that tells us how deep the love between Uma-Shankar. These two are virtually the same. Actually, due to an unfair stubbornness of Bhringi, Sadashiv and Jagdamba had to take Ardhanarishwar form.Bhringi was a great Shiva devotee. He was very fond of Sadashiva's feet. He did not care for anyone except Shiva in his dream. Even he considered Jagadjanani Maa Parvati as separate from Sadashiva. His mind did not accept that there is no difference between Shiva and Parvati. When Bhringi came to orbit Shiva. Shiva was meditative. Bhiringi was getting mad in Shiva's love. He only wanted to revolve around Shiva as his definition of celibacy was different. But what to do, Parvati ji is seated in Shivaji's left side. Bhiringi could not stop own temper. The courage increased so much that he requested Jagdamba to sit away from Shivji so that I could revolve around Shiva.
Jagdamba understood that it is ascetic but it has not been learned. Right now it is of incomplete knowledge, so he ignored the matter of Bhiringi. Bhiringi was stubborn, not ready to hear and understand anything. Again said to Parvati ji that you go away for some time, let me go round.
Mother Parvati objected to this and said stop the inappropriate thing. Jagadamba is the power of Mahadev. How would she have prepared to be separated from Sadashiva! Mother explained to Bhringi in many ways, explaining nature and man's relationship. Gave the example of the Vedas, but Bhiringi too persisted. The stubborn intellect is halved anyway.
The knowledge and teachings given by the mother did not come to his discretion. His intellect was not ready to understand this mystery of creation. He was only determined to revolve around Shiva. Mother thought that there is no benefit to explain anything to this ignorant person. It should be ignored. Mother did not separate from Shiva.
Bhiringi also kept his stubbornness. Made a plan to do what he wanted. Bhiringi took the form of a snake and started orbiting Shiva. He moved, trying to get out from between Jagadamba and Mahadev. His audacity resulted in the destruction of Shiva's tomb.
Shiva understood that this fool distracted by seeing the Jagdamba on my left side. He is distinguishing between the two. To explain this in a symbolic hint, Shivji immediately took on the form of Ardhanarishwar. Jagdamba had now merged into them. Shivji started appearing in male form from right side and female form from left side.
Now Bhringi's plan started to fail . The stubbornness of fool starts going higher than God. Bhiringi did not lose even that much. He had to revolve around Shiva.
In the form of a rat, he started trying to separate the ardhanarishwar form of God from one another. Now it was too much. The patience of Jagadamba, who continued to bear the audacity of Shiva devotee Bhringi, missed.
She cursed to Bhiringi- "O Bhiringi, you are violating the rules of the universe." If you consider foolishness act to respect the mother power, then at this time your mother's part will be separated from your body.
Mahadev himself got upset after hearing this curse. Bhiringi's intellect may have been lost, but Mahadev knew how serious this curse meant. According to the mechanistic interpretation of tantras, bones and muscles in the human body get the father, while blood and flesh are obtained from the mother's share.
What was there then, Bhiringi was in trouble . Immediately blood and flesh separated from his bodies. Only bones and muscles are left in the body. Death could not have happened because he was in the region of the liberated Kailash and Sadashiva and Mahamaya themselves were in front of him.
To defeat his life, the Yamdoots could not dare to reach there. Unbearable pain caused the Bhiringi to become restless. This curse was also given by Adishakti Jagadamba. She gave this curse to bring the discrimination of the Bhiringi to the right path. Therefore, Mahadev also did not interrupt.
The benefit of this curse was that the Bhiringi, falling into unbearable pain, understood that father's power is not beyond mother power in any case. Mother and father together create this body. Therefore both are revered.
After this, Bhringi prayed to Jagadamba, suffering from unbearable pain. Mother is a mother. She immediately pleased him and ended the suffering. Mata started a process to withdraw her curse. He prevented Mother from withdrawing the curse.
Bhringi said- Mother has taken great pity on me by removing my pain. But let me be in this form. This form of mine will be an example for the world. In this creation, again, like me, no one will fall prey to confusion, forgetting to understand mother and father apart from each other. I committed so much crime, yet you have a favor on me. Now I will always be around you as a living example.
Mahadev and Jagadamba were both happy to hear this devotee. The mother Jagadamba and father Mahadev, taking Ardhanarishwar form, immediately gave Bhringi a prominent position in their ganas. Bhiringi was able to move and therefore gave him a third leg. With the third leg he carries his load and walks with Shiva-Parvati.
Ardhanarishwar said- O Bhiringi, you will always be with us. Your presence will be a message to this world that in every living being, the part is male, the same part is female. One who difference between a woman and a man becomes like you. Men and women both together pursue the world, both are equal . To prove this, I have taken the form of Ardhanarishwar. Both men and women have their own place, their own existence. The one who rejects it does not get the favor of either Shiva or Parvati. That living being will die on the earth without grace of Shiva and Parvati.
Bhiringi attained the position, to which Indra and big deities also crave to achieve it. Shivji has given sexual creation to the world. For this, he first showed Brahma his Ardhanarishvara form.
Brahma imagined women after seeing him. With the combination of women and men, he gave the system of creation. That means male and female together become creator like subtle Brahma.
68. Mata Parvati cursed to Mandodari.We are all familiar with Ravana's wife Mandodari. But today we will tell you that in fact, Mandodari was cursed by mother Parvati, due to which she became the wife of Ravana.
Ramayana is our mythological text, with which we remain happy with half-incomplete information. Actually, it means to say that whenever the story of Ramayana is mentioned, it ends by wandering between Rama, Sita and Ravana.But never tried to know and understand important characters like mandodari. Why do we know Mandodari as the wife of Ravana, she will also have a separate identity. At the end of Lankesh Ravana, the chapter of the remaining lifetime of Mandodari closes and the story again turns to the other side. Even after studying the entire Ramayana, most people do not know how Mandodari's life must have been. So today we tell you about some facts which you may not know.
Both the history of Ravana and the history of Mandodari have a deep connection between each other. If in your mind too, an eagerness to know about this is taking birth, then we will solve it. It is necessary to know how Mandodari was born before knowing the life after the death of Ravana. So let's start the story of Mandodari -
This story about Mandodari is also mentioned in the Puranas. Once upon a time, a beautiful nymph named Madhura reached Mount Kailash while traveling. In the absence of Parvati devi, she wanted to take advantage of the opportunity and was attracted to Lord Shiva. While doing this, he put the ash on her body. Unaware of the unwavering love of Shiva Parvati, she was involved in these antics that only when Mother Parvati arrived. Mother Parvati's body trembled with anger after seeing this scene running on Mount Kailash. At that moment, without any delay, she cursed Madhura to become a frog. Not only this, but according to that curse, Madhura had to spent 12 years as a frog in a single well.
Parvati Devi replied that on Shiva's request, I cannot take back my curse but can only tell a solution. She can attain its true form by performing austerities but after austerity for a year. Now let's talk about Mayasur who was the king of Asuras. Mayasur and his wife Hema wished for a daughter. They had two sons, but still both started penance in the desire of the girl. By this time, Madhura's tenacity was also being completed.
Madhura got the real look and then started making sounds to come out of the well. Hema and Mayasur rushed to save her as soon as they heard her compassionate call. They were pleased to get Madhura as a daughter and named her Mandodari.
Ravana once went to meet Mayasur and could not stop his attraction after seeing Mandodari. When he proposed to Mandodari for marriage in front of Mayasur, the proposal became rejected . But Ravana was not one to give up so easily, he got forcefully married to the daughter of Mayasur.
Mandodari was also familiar with the nature of Lankapati Ravana and his exclusive Shiva devotion, so for the protection of father and family, She also did not deny marriage. After some time Mandodari gave birth to three sons from Ravana; Eldest son Meghnad, Akshay Kumar and Atikay.
Scared of Ravana's arrogance and strength, Mandodari knew in her mind that Ravana has walk on the path of apocalypse. Mandodari's every attempt to convince her husband Ravana proved to be a failure. Despite all his efforts, Lankanresh did not agree to return Sita Mata to Lord Rama.
Even knowing that Ravana was slaughtered at the hands of Shri Rama due to a curse, she did not leave her husband during the war.
It is mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana that after the end of Ravana, Mandodari reached the battlefield and was sad to see the destruction of her relatives.
It is also mentioned in the "Adhbhoot Ramayana " that Shri Rama said to Mandodari, "You are the queen of Swarnapuri, marry Vibhishana and make the life of the people of Lanka happy."But Ram Ji reached Ayodhya with mother Sita and Laxman , Mandodari locked herself in a room of the palace. After some time, considering the matter of Shreerama, she came out and decided to marry Vibhishan. Both of them fulfilled their duty by extending the empire of Lanka in the proper direction.
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