Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Story of curses(PART-03)


Story of curses(PART-03)

Friends, the third part of the series of curses is presented, I hope you will like this article as before. The link of Part-2 will be given to you at the end of the article. And if you want to read all the parts then go to see  label (  The Curses series).

11.Brahma was fascinated by his daughter, Shiva gave terrible curse.

 Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh are worshiped as the creators of the universe, these three gods are considered responsible for creating, preserving and destroying the entire creation. Lord Vishnu is known as the preserver of the world ,Brahma as the creator of the universe and Mahesh is known for the destroyer of the world when sin increases.  But do you know that Lord Brahma was cursed by Lord Shiva during the creation of the universe.  Lord Shiva could not tolerate a work done by him.
According to the story described in Shivmahapuran, when the time came to create the creation, the Tridevas divided their works.  Lord Brahma had the responsibility of creating mankind.


Someone's help was needed to create such a big creation.  That is why Brahma created a beautiful girl named Satyarupa, that girl was so beautiful that anyone would be fascinated by seeing her.  Her face was so glazing that even the greatest saints could not live without being attracted to her.
Seeing her beauty Brahma too became facinated by her.  For a moment they forgot everything and kept staring at Satyarupa. Sensing his vision, Lord Shiva did not take any time.  Shiva wanted to explain him.  But even before this, Brahma expressed his desire to marry Satyarupa in front of everyone.
Hearing such a disastrous thing from his mouth, all the gods present there were shocked.  On the other hand, Lord Shiva got angry.  He tried a lot to convince Brahma.  But they were not ready to accept. Shiva said, "O God, you have created this girl with your own hands, so this girl became your daughter." Satyarupa is your part.  You should not do such an indecent thing for your daughter '
Upon hearing this, Brahma was filled with anger.  He started uttering abuses to Lord Shiva.  Hearing this, Shiva's anger reached the climax and he cursed Brahma.  He said, 'You have insulted the father-daughter relationship by saying such a thing about your daughter.  Therefore you are not eligible to worship. From today your worship will be negligible.  Your devotees will remain nominal all over the world. Brahma apologized to all the gods including Shiva after hearing such bitter words from the mouth of Shiv.  But Shiva's curse showed his influence.  You must also have noticed that Brahma is worshiped less than other gods.  The only temple of Brahma is in Pushkar, Rajasthan.

12. Why Lord Shiva cursed Brahma and Ketaki flower?

Lord Shree Brahma Ji, Lord Shree Hari Vishnu and Lord Shree Mahesh (Mahadev the God of Gods) have been considered as the most revered in Hindu culture. Lord Shri Brahma Ji is considered to be the creator of the universe, Lord Shri Vishnu is the preserver of the universe and Lord Shri Mahesh is considered the destroyer.  In addition to all directions, the head looking above was also with Lord Brahma. After all, what happened to which god, who had cut off the head looking over Lord Brahma.  At the same time, why did Lord Shiva curse the adorable white Ketki flower(Pandanus flower )not to participate in the worship.  Let now I introduce you to these secrets today.
It is said that once in our revered Trinity, Lord Shri Brahma and Lord Vishnu Hari, there was a rush to consider themselves superior to each other.
Lord Shri Brahma Ji was calling himself superior as being the creator of the universe and Lord Shri Vishnu Ji was calling superior as being the preserver of the universe.
When there was no conclusion of this long-running dispute, then Lord Shiva was appeared there in the form of Shivalinga. Lord Shiva said to Lord Shree Brahma and Lord Shree Vishnu to find the end of Shivalinga.  Whoever finds its end first.  He will be considered the best.
Both Lord Shri Brahma and Lord Shri Vishnu set out in the opposite direction to find the ends.  Lord Shri Vishnu returned after some time not getting the ends. At the same time, Lord Shri Brahma Ji failed to find the end of Shivalinga and returned.  When Lord Shree Vishnu and Lord Shree Brahma came face to face with Lord Shiva as Shivalinga.
Then Lord Shri Vishnu Ji said that I tried a lot.  But I failed to find the end of Shivling.  But Lord Shri Brahma Ji told Lord Vishnu that I have found the end of Shivling. And the Ketki tree(pandanus tree) is a witness to this.  If you are not sure of this, then you should ask the Ketki tree itself.  Hearing this, the Ketaki tree gave its testimony in favor of Lord Shri Brahma.
Lord Shiva appeared in his real form upon hearing the false testimony of Ketaki tree.  Angry Lord Shankar cut off the 5th head of Lord Shri Brahma.
But Lord Shiva came to know everything and he cursed Brahma at the same time that after this, you will not be worshiped anywhere in this world and he said to the Ketaki flower that after now you will  not be offered to any god-goddess.
At the same time cursed the tree of Ketaki that the flowers produced from its tree will never be acceptable at the time of worship of Shivling.  If one will offer ketaki flower on the lingam.  So all his worthy will end.  Be aware that at the time of worshiping on Shivalinga we mainly offer white flowers.  But Lord Shiva is not worshiped with the white flowers of Ketaki.

13. A apsara (nymph) of heaven cursed Brahmadev.

The physique of Jagatpita Brahmaji was radiant and adorable.  Seeing his enchanting form, the heaven's Apsara Mohini became kamasakta and she sat in a trance sitting near Brahma ji.  When Brahmaji's sleep broke, he asked Mohini, Devi!  Why are you renouncing heaven and sitting near me?
Mohini said, 'O Brahmadev!  My body and mind are falling in love with you.  Please accept my love. '
 Brahmaji started giving him moral knowledge to remove Mohini's desire , but Mohini began to seduce him with erotic ways to dissuade Brahmaji.  Brahmaji started remembering his favored Srihari to avoid his illusion.
At the same time, the Saptarishis arrived in Brahmaloka.  Seeing Mohini near Brahmaji, the Saptarishis asked them, why is this beautiful Apsara sitting with you?  Brahma Ji said, 'This Apsara was tired of dancing and is sitting near me with a daughter's spirit to relax.
The Saptarishis knew the false language of Brahmaji with their yogashakti and smiled and departed from there.  Mohini got very angry on hearing such a statement of Brahma.
Mohini said, I wanted you to fulfill my kama desires and you gave me daughter status.  There is great pride of being restrained on your mind, only then you have rejected my love.  If I truly love you, then you will not be worshiped in the world.

14.  Why did Mata Savitri curse Lord Brahmadev?

There is a legend behind this curse.  According to the Padma Purana, a demon named Vajranash kept a lot of trouble on this earth.  To save the earth from the demon Vajranash, Lord Brahmadev killed him.
But while slaughtering the lotus flower fell from Brahmadev's hands. The place where this flower fell is called Pushkar. Pushkar is located in Ajmer district of Rajasthan.
After this incident, Lord Brahmadev decided to perform a yagna at this place for the good of the world.  Brahmadev reached Pushkar at the appointed time to perform the yajna, but Brahmadev's wife Savitri could not reach on time.
The auspicious time of yajna was being spent and it was necessary for a wife to complete the yagna.  Then Brahmaji married a local girl and started the yagna. Meanwhile,  Savitri the wife of Brahmaji reached  Yagya and became angry to see that another woman was sitting in her place.  Due to anger, Mother Savitri cursed Brahmaji that there will be no temple in this world nor will anyone worship you.

15. Narada ji cursed Brahma.

In the work of creation of Brahma's creation, first of all, four Kumar appeared in the mind of Brahma, who seemed to be of five years of age and was adorabled by Brahmatej.
The first was the Sanak, the second Sanandan, the third Sanatan and the fourth Sanatkumar.  After this, from the mouth of Brahma, attractive male like the gold, was born as the seed of the Kshatriyas, Swayambhu Manu and his wife Shatrupa.
After the birth of sons, Brahma ji asked them to create the creation, but the son of Brahma went to austerity due to extremely spiritual soul.  This caused great anger to Jagatpati Brahma and the enraged Brahmadeva started burning in Brahmatej. After this, Brahma gave birth to the Saptrishris. Later, he gave birth to Narada from the throat. Brahma ordered all his sons to help the universe.


On this Narada ji said, "First of all, you call the own eldest sons  Sanak,Skandan, Santkuar etc. and get them married and after that you should ask us to do so. When our eldest brother is doing penance, why are you putting us in bondage with the world?  You have given some sons more penance than nectar and you are giving us even the odd enjoyment of poison.  Who fool left devotion of God, will focus on destructive subjects.
Brahma ji got filled with rage after listening to Narada.  His face turned red and all the organs started shivering.  Then very angry, Brahma cursed Narada and said, O Narada!  My curse will erase your knowledge. After this, you becoming dasiputra in the birth by vaishno devotion, after getting kindness from God, you will become my son again.  At that time, I will give you divine and ancient knowledge.  But this time you disappear from my eyes and go into the world .
Narada said ! Stop your anger, you are the master of ascetics. You are creator of universe.  Your anger has been unprovoked on me.  The scholar man should punish or abandon his misguided son.
But how can you curse your ascetic son as you are pandit ?  Why not be the son of Jagatsrishta, if he does not have devotion in the feet of Lord Shrihari, then he is more sinny man. You have cursed me without any offense. If I curse you, it will not be unfair.
Saying this, Narada Ji said - My curse will surely erase all your mantras including your kawach, stotra and worship in the whole world.  Until the three kalpas pass away, you will neglisible in the three worlds.
Your yajna part will stop at this time.  You will not be worshiped even during the fast. You  will only worship by the gods ,After three kalpas, you will also be worshiped by worshipers.
In this way, due to the curse of Narada, the worship source of Brahma was omitted and the worship of Brahma ie fast, yajna etc. were stopped.

16. Brahmaji cursed Kamdeva.

Once upon a time, Jagatpita Brahma was in his assembly that suddenly a very beautiful beauty was born from his heart.  Before the Jagatpita Brahma could understand anything, in this sequence, an incredibly beautiful young man appeared from his heart, with a bow in his hand and arrows loaded with flowers in the quiver.
This young man had amazing power with which he could generate feelings of love and kama with his arrows within any living being.
After origin, the young man asked his creator , Brahma, to give orders.  Impressed by his attraction, Jagatpita Brahma ordered the young man to cast all creatures in the love trap with the power of his arrows.  With this order, the Jagatpita also said that not all living beings, even the deities, cannot escape the attack of this arrow.
Due to this power, this young man was also later known as Kamdev and Manmad.  In order to show his power, Kamadev took out an arrow loaded with flowers from his quiver and suddenly drove him to the court of Jagatpita Brahma.  Due to the attack of this arrow, every male present in the assembly was fascinated at the beauty of Sundari born before Kamadeva and started looking at him.
When the interpretation of this humiliating scene reached Lord Shiva by Dharma, he himself appeared in the assembly of Jagatpita Brahma and severely reprimanded Jagatpita Brahma.
Jagatapita Brahma felt humiliated when he was reprimanded by Lord Shiva.  It was the agony of that humiliation that Jagatpita Brahma considered Kamadeva to be guilty for this whole incident and cursed him to be burned to ashes by Lord Shiva's third eye.  Kamadeva himself was surprised when such a curse was received by Jagatapita Brahma.
On this, Kamadeva prayed to Lord Shiva that he himself had fulfilled his duty by following the order of Jagatpita Brahma.  Though Kamadeva's statement had some merit, Jagatapita Brahma argued that his empowerment as Kamadeva was not meant to create scenes of sexuality or obscenity. Therefore, Kamadeva was required to work within the realm of discipline, restraint and humility.  However, Jagadpita Brahma said that Lord Shiva himself will come out with an accurate solution when the time comes.

17.  Lord Brahma cursed Mother Ganga.

In the Ikshvaku dynasty, there were many popular king.  Mahabhisha was one of them.  While obeying the people, Mahabhisha performed many Ashwamedha and Rajsuya Yajna and became eligible of heaven by receiving  the post of Rajarshi. Indra used to give him special respect.  Once, in Indra's heaven singing program was going on. Then Brahmaji entered heaven with some work. The deities and all the rajrishis including the Mahabhishas were present in the service with Brahmaji receiving and welcoming.  Then Goddess Gangaji also arrived there.  Along with Ganga, Pawan Dev was also present.  When Pawan Dev got up to bow down to Brahmaji, because of his flow, Ganga ji's clothes in white robes moved slightly from the body.
Her stole fell down.  Seeing this, all the gods and rajrishis lowered their eyes, but the great sage Mahabhisha kept staring at the beauty of Ganga.
 Ganga was also familiar with the popularity of Mahabhisha.  She also stared at him unnaturally.  They too did not notice that their clothes have become messy.
Brahmaji felt very sad due to this indecent behavior of Mahabhish.  Brahmaji said- Rajarshi Mahabhishh you are schloar, also a saintly soul, but right now you need to be a little more efficient.  You have not yet become worthy of the dignity of heaven. For today's rudeness, you will have to go to the earth again.  Renounce heaven and take birth as a human being and suffer the sufferings of death. Brahmaji was also furious over the behavior of Ganga.  He also cursed Ganga - you are a goddess, you also had to take care of dignity.  Due to this rudeness, you too have to conceive like mortals and have children.  Mourn on your child diffculties.
Mahabhish started apologizing.  Indra also requested Brahmaji to have mercy.  Brahmaji said - I will not be return cursed, but I will arrange for his path of salvation. Due to Goddess Ganga, Mahabhisha will do something unpleasant for you, which will hurt you a lot.  When you rage on the Goddess, then this curse will be liberated.
Accepting Brahmaji's curse, Mahabhishh begged him to make him son of Purvanshi King Pratipa in the earth.  Brahma accepted this wish.
 After meeting Brahma, Goddess Ganga started to return, and on the way she met the Vasus.  Brahmaputra Maharishi Vasistha had cursed the Vasus to take birth on the earth due to attempting to steal cow.


On the apology by Vasus, Vashistha had said that all the eight Vasus will take birth from Ganga's womb.  Ganga will cursefree seven with birth, but the eighth Vasu will not be easily released.
 Vasus pleaded with Gangaji that Vashishtha's curse is weakening his power, so that he should soon give birth from her womb and save them.
Ganga accepted  to give liberation as soon as they were born, in exchange of which the eight Vasus vowed to take birth as sons in her womb on the earth .
King Pratip was childless.  He started austerities at the entrance of the Ganges to get children.  He wanted Ganga to be born in his house.  Ganga appeared pleased with the tenacity.
 Ganga told the king that she could not come as a child.  Pratip told Ganga that if you are unable to appear as a child, then promise to become the wife of my future son.  It will also fulfill my wish.  Ganga accepted.
 Goddess Ganga told Pratipa the method of obtaining a son.  Pratip followed him and started doing intense penance.  Due to the effects of asceticism, he received a son.
Mahabhisha was born as Shantanu, Pratip's son, on the orders of Brahmaji.  Shantanu was stunning.  When Shantanu was young, Pratip handed him the kingdom and went himself to the forest for penance.
 Once Shantanu went hunting in the forest and, distraught with thirst, reached the Ganges.  On the banks of the river, he was fascinated when he saw a woman who looked like Lakshmi in beauty.
She was Ganga herself.  Shantanu proposed marriage to her.  While fulfilling the promise given to Prateik, Ganga said - I accept your marriage purposal but you have to promise that you will not object to any of my decisions.  Otherwise I will abandon you.
 Shantanu got married by promising Ganga and came to Shantanu's palace.  Eight sons of Shantanu from Ganga's womb, who were cursed Vasus, whom Ganga had promised to release.
Ganga threw seven sons into the river as soon as they were born.  Shantanu had promised that he would not object to any decision of Ganga, therefore, he could not speak anything.
 When Ganga started taking the eighth son to the river for shedding, Shantanu was furious with Ganga and prevented her from doing so.
 On hearing this, Ganga said to King Shantanu - Maharaj, you have broken your vow today.  According to my condition, I sacrifice you today.
In this way, Mahabhisha was freed from the curse of Brahma.  Ganga disappeared with her son.  Shantanu spent many years in brahmacharya .
 Then he expressed his desire to see his son from Ganga one day.  Ganga appeared with that child and said- This is your son Devavrata.  Take it along with  he being brave, he will also be a scholar.  In the war skill, it will be like Parashurama.
 Shantanu came to his palace with Devavrata.  Devavrata was the eighth Vasu whom Vasistha had not cursed.

18. Kashyap Rishi gave curse to Shiva:

It is said that man's present is based on his past deeds and future is based on present deeds.  But this applies not only to humans but also to Gods.  There are many such stories in our Puranas when due to some actions done by God in the past, they had to suffer in times to come.  One such story is related to Lord Shankar when he had to cut the head of his own son Ganesh due to the curse given to him by Kashyap rishi.
Goddess Parvati once created a child from the cosmetic rouge of her body due to an error in obeying by Nandi and put his life in it and said that you are my son.  You follow my orders and no one else.  Goddess Parvati also said that I am going for a bath.  Nobody should come in.  After a while Lord Shankar came there and started going to the room of Goddess Parvati.
Seeing this, the boy modestly tried to stop them.  Seeing the stubbornness of the child, Lord Shankar became angry and cut off the head of the child with his trident.  When Goddess Parvati saw this, she became very angry.  The fire of her anger created an outcry in the creation.  Then all the gods together praised her and asked Shiva to revive the child.
Then at the behest of Lord Shankar, Vishnu brought an elephant's head cut off and he put that head on the boy's torso and brought it to life.  Then Lord Shankar and other gods gave many blessings to that gajmukh child.  Gods gave him many names like Ganesha, Ganapati, Vinayaka, Vighnaharta, Pratham Pujya etc. and praised the child.  In this way Lord Ganesha was revealed.
According to Brahmavaivartpurana, once Narada ji asked Shri Narayana that Lord you are great schloar and know all Vedas.  I want to know from you that Lord Shankar is considered to be the one to remove all problems.  Why did he cut the forehead of his son Ganesha.
Hearing this, Srinarayan said that Narada is a matter of time.  Shankar strikes the trident in great anger at Surya who killed Mali and Sumali.  Surya was as stunning and powerful as Shiva.  So the Surya's consciousness was destroyed by the trident injury.  He immediately fell down from the chariot.
When Kashyapji saw that my son was in a dying state.  Then they began to mourn by bashing him by the chest.  At that time there was an outcry among all the gods.  All of them started crying loudly in fear.  Darkness engulfed the whole world.  Then the ascetic Kashyap ji, grandson of Brahma, cursed Shiva ji.  The same will be true for your son.  Your son's forehead will be cut off.
Hearing this, Bholenath's anger subsided.  He revived the Sun.  Surya stood in front of Kashyap ji.  When he came to know about the curse of Kashyap ji, he decided to sacrifice everyone.  Hearing this, Lord Brahma approached the Sun with the inspiration of the Gods and appointed him to his work. Brahma, Shiva and Kashyapa happily blessed the Sun and went to their respective areas.  Here Surya also mounted on his zodiac sign.  Mali and Sumali then became white leprosy, destroying their influence.  Then Brahma himself said to both of them - The power of both of you is over with the wrath of the sun.  Your body is damaged.  You worship the sun.  Both of them started worshiping Surya and became healthy again.

19. Mother Parvati cursed Samudradev.

Shiva Purana is considered very special in Hinduism.  At the same time it is described in the scriptures that according to mythological beliefs, when the seas were built by the sons of Maharaja Prithu, the seven seas were of liquids like sweet and milk.  But presently all the sea around the world are all saltwater.  After all, why the sea water is salty, there is a mythological story behind it. Let us know about this story ....
According to Shiva Purana once Goddess Mata Parvati was doing severe penance to get Shiva.  The intensity of her penance was so great that the throne of the gods sitting in the heavens began to shake.  This made the gods afraid.  When all the gods were trying to solve this problem, the sea god was fascinated by seeing the beauty of Goddess Parvati.
When Mata Parvati's penance was complete, Samudra Dev expressed own desire to marry her.  In this regard, he also proposed marriage to Maa Parvati.  Hearing this, Mother Parvati told Samudra Dev that she loves Kailashapati Lord Shiva and has considered her as her husband .  When Samudra Dev heard this, he got angry.  He started saying abuse to Lord Shiva.  He exclaimed in anger, "What is there in that devouring tribal who is not in me, I quench the thirst of all humans, my character is white like milk. O Parvati! Accept my marriage proposal."


Mata Parvati did not bear it when she saw Bholenath being despised in front of her.  She got angry with Samudra Dev.  She cursed the Samudra dev and said, due to sweet water you feel proud will these water become salty.  Due to salt water, people will not be able to receive your water.  The sea water became salty due to that curse of Maa Parvati.  There is also a legend that when the Samudramanthan was formed, the sea water became salty due to the effect of churning.

20. Maharishi Durvasa cursed Devi Ganga.

It is believed that one day rishi Durvasa reached Brahmaloka.  Ganga was also live there in many years ago.  Maharishi Durvasa started bathing there, when a strong gust of wind came and his clothes flew off.  Seeing all this, the young Ganga standing nearby could not stop her laughter and laughed out loud.  In a fit of anger, Durvasa cursed Ganga that she would spend her life as a river on earth and people would take bathe in it to purify themselves.

That's it for today ... Soon I will appear before you again with further stories of this series.

part:02 link:---

https://www.shivgyaancharcha.com/2020/03/story-of-cursespart-02.html

Image source by www.pinterest.com and www.google.com

Friday, March 27, 2020

Story of curses(PART-02)


Story of curses(PART-02)

In the previous post of the blog, all of you learned about the curse and read some stories related to the curse. I am presenting the second part of that series, moving forward. Hope that you all will like my efforts.  The link of the first part of the series will be given at the end of the article.

05. Shri Ganesh cursed Chandradev.

When it is dark after the sun sets, the moon starts dispersing its moonlight.  But do you know that the moon which provides coolness also has a curse.  The decreasing form of the moon is due to the same curse.
According to a legend, once Kuberji reached Mount Kailash with an invitation to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati for food.  But knowing his nature, Shivji understood that he is calling him on food only to show off his wealth. So he gave a reason to be busy with his sadhana and refused to leave.  Parvati ji also did not want to go alone so she also refused. Kubera ji became unhappy considering his entire system is failure and started requesting Shiva again.  Then he kept his promise and said that you take Ganesha with you.  Ganesh will give you full opportunity to serve.


Ganesh ji was also pleased to hear the feast and went with Kubera ji.  Ganapati dined with great fervor and enjoyed delicious dishes.  Finally, sweets were introduced, which Ganesh ji ate.
After this, more sweets were brought, Ganesh ji ate that too but later he was hesitant. So he got up from the food, but after getting up, he started thinking that some sweets would be taken with him to Kailash.  I would enjoy those sweets with Shiva ganas. When he said this to Kuber Ji, Kuber Ji gave him a lot of sweets.  Ganesha also rode in his mushak with a lot of sweets on his lap.
It was night and the moonlight spread all around. Then on the way Ganesh ji's leg of the Mushak got tangled with the root of a tree and he fell along with Ganesh ji.  All the sweets of Ganesha were scattered there. He felt very sad, then thought no one saw it, so he started taking those sweets. Then the Chandradeva that was watching them from afar started laughing out loud.  Ganesha looked at the sky and the Chandradeva was laughing at him. Ganesh ji was very ashamed to see this, he was sad that all his sweets were spoiled on one side and the falling Chandradeva on the other side saw him. He started to get angry with Chandradev, he said, O shameless!  Instead of helping me, you are ridiculing me.  This is an insult not only to me but also to my father. You are very proud of this beautiful form, Now, I curse you, after this your beautiful form will become ugly.  After today your light will be gone and no one will see you.
Due to the effect of Ganesha curse, the Chandra light went off at that time and the darkness of the night was covered all over the world.  Chandradev panicked and and started apologizing for holding his feet. He said, "O God, forgive me, I inadvertently sat doing such an act."  If you do not withdraw their curse, then my existence will be of no importance, I will not be able to do the work assigned to God.  And this will also violate the law of creation, God, so forgive me.
Then Ganeshji also saw the situation and his anger subsided.  He said that Chandradev realized about his mistake, it's a good thing.  But you also know that the curse given cannot be returned.
Yes, it can be remedied, so according to the curse your light will be lost but only one day in the month, after that you will slowly get back your full light.  And because of the curse of losing beauty, you will not lose your form completely, but there will be some stains on your face that will remind you of your mistake. Due to this curse, the full moonlight of the moon falls on Amavasya and on the full moon, he gets his light fully.  And the spots over Chandradev are still visible today.  Thus even today the curse given by Ganesha is working.

 06.Parvati's curse on rishi Vishrava.

 According to mythology, once Goddess Parvati invited Vishnu and Lakshmi ji to come for food on Kailash.  Then Goddess Lakshmi asked Goddess Parvati that you have spent most of your life like a princess, how do you live in such cold winds.
Mother Parvati was greatly hurt by this question of mother Lakshmi.  A few days later, Mother Lakshmi invited Goddess Parvati to come to her Baikutham Dham.  After which the mother Parvati reached Baikunth Dham with Shiva.
Seeing the splendor and opulence of Baikuntha, Goddess Parvati asked Bholenath to build a very magnificent palace.  On this, Shiva tried to convince mother Parvati very much, but when mother Parvati did not listen, Shiv ji gave the task of building the palace to Vishwakarma ji.  Only after that he built a palace of gold.
When the palace was ready, Mother Parvati invited all the deities there.  Ravana's father Rishi Vishrava, who was a great scholar, was invited to worship the object of the palace.  But seeing the glare of the palace, the mind of sage Vishrava was shaken and he asked Bholenath to donate the palace itself.  Shiva donated them to the palace, not disappointing them. After this, Mother Parvati felt very sad and angry, she gave a curse to burn the palace that was donated to rishi Vishrava.  It is said that due to her curse, Hanuman ji had burnt the gold Lanka.

07.Why did Goddess Rati curse to Goddess Parvati?

 Goddess Rati cursed Mother Parvati that no child will ever be born from her womb.  There is a legend behind the curse which goes like this.
A terrible asura named Tarakasura had created a lot of terror and all Dev gan got upset with him.  He had a boon that he would be killed only by the son of Shiva and Parvati. So the gods sent Kamadeva and Rati to distract Mahadev Shiva.  Lord Shiva was distracted but he got angry due to which he opened his third eye and consumed Kamdev.
When Lord Shiva was in deep meditation for years, Kamadeva was tasked to awaken Lord Shiva and fill his heart with love for Goddess Parvati.  This was necessary so that after their marriage they both gave birth to a son who could kill the tyrannical Tarakasura. Although Kamdev was successful in breaking Lord Shiva's attention, he was burnt by the opening of Lord Shiva's third eye due to anger.  Goddess Rati, Kamadeva's wife, felt deeply sad and thought that Goddess Parvati was responsible for all the events.  So she cursed Goddess Parvati that she would never be able to conceive. Therefore, the combined energy of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva led to the birth of Lord Karthikeya who ended Tarakasura.

08. Curse of Parrot to Mother Sita: -

 Due to the curse of a pregnant parrot, maa Sita got removed  by sri Rama from the important time when she was pregnant.  Religion teaches man to walk in the path of truth.  In Sanatan Dharma, sin have been regarded as a virtue for hurting others. God also has to bear the penalty of his mistake.
Sita was the daughter of the King of Mithila.  One day, playing in the garden, Sita was seen  a pair of male and female parrots.  Both of them were talking among themselves. The couple were talking about that there will be a great king named Rama in the Bhoomandal who will have a very beautiful wife Sita.  Curiously, Sita could not stop herself and started listening to them. She loved hearing about her marriage.  In the same mood, she caught the couple of parrots engulfed in conversation.
Mother Sita wanted to hear more about her and Shriram from them.  So she asked the couple where they came to know about these things about Ram and her marriage.  The parrot said that he heard this from the mouth of Maharishi Valmiki while teaching the disciples in his ashram.
On this, Mother Sita said that I am the only daughter of Janak who you are talking about.  Your words are making me excited, so now I will leave you when I get married to Shri Ram.  The parrot pleaded and said, "O Goddess!"  We are birds that cannot find happiness at home. Our job is to move around in the sky.  Mother Sita freed the male parrot and said that it is okay for you to wander happily, but I will leave your wife when I get Ram. The male parrot again begged and said, "Sita, my wife is from the womb;  I will not be able to disconnect it. Sita still did not leave the female parrot.
Saddened by this, the female parrot cursed Sita as if you were taking me away from my husband in my pregnancy.  Similarly, you will also have to disconnection your Ram in your pregnancy.
As soon as this was said, the female parrot gave up her life.  After some time, the distressed male parrot too gave up his life.  After years, due to this curse, Mother Sita sent to the forest during her pregnancy by Sri Ram.

09. These four people are suffering the curse of Mother Sita even today.

 As such, the people of India must be well aware of every saga of Ramayana.  But today we are going to tell you about that story related to the Ramayana, about which you hardly know.
Yes, today we will tell you how these four people are suffering the curse of Mother Sita.  Actually when Ram, Sita and Lakshman ji went to exile, then their father i.e. King Dasaratha ji died .
Tell that King Dasaratha could not bear the sorrow of separation from his sons and he gave up his life.  At the  time when Rama and Laxman ji were informed of his death, he went to the forest to collect the necessary things to arrange the pinddaan.


However, Rama and Laxman ji were very late during this period.  Due to which Sita ji became very worried.  Tell that, seeing the situation, Sita ji gave self pinddaan. On the other hand, when Rama and Laxman ji returned, Sita ji told them that you were late.  Due to which she gave pinddaan to Dashrath ji. Along with this, Mata Sita told Pinddan's witness Pandit, cow, crow and the nearby Falgu river. However, when Ram ji asked about the confirmation of all these bodies, they refused. It tell that not only Ram ji but Sita ji was also very angry due to the false testimony of these four.  But Sita ji invoked the soul of King Dasharatha in front of Ram ji to prove her truth.
After which the soul of King Dasharatha himself appeared there and then Dasaratha himself told  in front of Ram ji .Sita ji had given him pinddaan.
After this, four people who lied in front of Ram ji got curse of Mother Sita. Sita ji told the pandit that no matter how much you beg, your poverty will not be reduced. After this she cursed the Falgu river that this river would dry up and told the crow that you will never be able to fill your stomach.  With this, she told the cow that people will worship you, but you will always have to  eat half eaten food .

 10.  Six curses led to the destruction of Ravana.

Ravana was a great mighty warrior, supreme scholar, great devotee, trikalidarshi, knowledgeer of ten directions and the ultimate scholar of the Vedas. He waged many wars in his life.  The power of Lord Rama was the reason for the end of Ravana.  At the same time, there was also the curse of those whom Ravana had ever offended.  Ravana was mainly cursed by 6 people during his lifetime. Ravana born in the Brahmin clan,  being a scholar, despite of he was very sensual, degenerate and demonic.  He was fully influenced by his mother and maternal grandfather. He received many curses due to his evil tendencies which were resulted in him in the war with Lord Shri Ram.

Ravana got many such curses in his life which would later lead to his death, but 6 curses are specially mentioned.

01. In Ikshvaku clan, one of the ancestors of Shri Ram was Anarnya.  At that time Ravana was young and set out on a mission of world conquest.  At the same time, he faced to Anarnya.  Anarnya tried very hard to stop Ravana but was ultimately defeated by Ravana. Ravana killed him, but while dying, he cursed Ravana that a person born in his lineage would kill him.  His curse came true and later Ram killed Ravana.
02. Once Ravana went to Kailash to meet Mahadev.  At that time Mahadev was absorbed in samadhi, hence Nandi stopped Ravana from going further.  Seeing Nandi, he laughed at his appearance and called him as a monkey.
Then Nandi cursed Ravana that because of the monkeys, you will have an apocalypse.  Later, the monkey army of Sugriva assisted Rama which led to the destruction of Ravana.
03. The Emperor of Vyjayanthpur demon king Shambhar was the husband of the Maya. Maya was the daughter of the May daanav and Ravana's wife Mandodari's elder sister.  Once Ravana went to Vaijayantpur Daityaraja Shambhar. There he became fascinated by the form of Maya and Maya too became fascinated with the form of Ravana and a relationship was formed between the two.  When Shambhar got information about this, he took Ravana captive. At the same time, Shambhar was attacked by King Dasharatha and Shambhar died in that battle.  When Maya started becoming Sati, Ravana wanted to stop her, but Maya cursed her that you lusted attempt to break my satitva so my husband died.  Therefore, you too will be killed due to the woman's lust.

04. Once while touring, Ravana had seen a woman named Vedavati who was meditating to get Lord Vishnu as her husband.  Ravana pleaded with herfor love but Vedavati openly refused.
At this Ravana grabbed her hair and dragged her to take it with him.  At that moment, that ascetic gave up her body at that moment and cursed Ravana that you will die due to a woman.  It is said that Vedavati was born as Sita in the next life, due to which Ravana was killed.
05. Ravana attacked Indra and reached Swargalok.  There he saw Rambha who is an apsara(nymph) of swargloka. To fulfill his lust, Ravana catches her. Then the apsara said that you do not touch me in this way because I am reserved for your elder brother Kubera's son Nalakuber, so I am like your daughter-in-law but did not consider Ravana and mistreated Rambha. When Nalkuber came to know about this, he cursed Ravana that after today, Ravana will touch her without any woman's desire, then Ravana's head will be divided into hundred pieces.  This was the reason that even after kidnapping Sita, Ravana did not touch her.
06. Ravana's sister Surpanakha got married to a demon Vidyutjivah against Ravana's will.  He was the emperor of the Kalakeya demons.  When Ravana came out on World War, he had a war with Kalakeya and in that war Ravana killed the Vidyutjivah. When Surpanakha was sati with him, Ravana stopped her and brought her to Lanka by force.  Later, he understood and persuade and give  the kingdom of Dandakaranya with Khar-Dushan.  Then Shurpanakha cursed Ravana in his heart that because of me you will be the destroy .  It is said that Surpanakha deliberately got involved with Rama-Lakshmana in Dandakaranya so that Ravana could be destroyed.
part01link: https://www.shivgyaancharcha.com/2020/03/Story-Of-Curses-PART-01.html

That's it for today, see you with the next article


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Tuesday, March 24, 2020

Story Of Curses.(PART-01)


Story of curses(PART-01)

what is curse...?

The meaning of a curse is to angerfully expose someone's evil.  Especially the negative words of sages, saints, ascetics etc. are called curses. When great moral offense be committed then curse was given .When a person becomes purified by body speech, mind and heart, then God himself dwells in his body, often at such times these people start to stay away from society and become alienated from the world, and in such  When something good or bad words comes out of their mouth, it starts to come true, but they also have to lose it by doing so, the energy of such people starts getting destroyed.


According to curses, Hindu beliefs, it is the power through which the word power is used to hurt others or a particular person by subjecting them to anger through spiritual power earned by the seeker over the years. In the same way, the curse that is given is hurt, but the curse itself loses its earnings and at the same time due to cursing (due to the curse of others), the sin in their actions also increased.  According to Hinduism and all religions says, stop hurting others, thinking of harm is also your harm.

The meaning of Sanatan culture is that culture which is applicable to every human being in the world.  Sanatan Dharma is the oldest religion in the world, which is equipped with scientific customs.  Many beliefs are associated with the gods and goddesses. Not only this, it is said about his curses that his influence still exists on this earth.  If you look at it, you will find that it is also really true.

Many examples of this are available in ancient literature.

 You must have heard the curse in many subjects under Hinduism texts.  Even the great kings were terrified by the fear of the curse of the sages.
God also had to suffer sorrow due to curse and had to be born in human form.  Even Yamraj, who kept track of the evil deeds of others, could not escape the curse. Ramayana, Mahabharata, Shivmahapuran, Shrimad Bhagwat, etc., have many references to curse in many texts.  Today,  I am telling about some such curses, about which you probably will not know yet. There is a description of many curses in Hindu scriptures and every curse had some reason or the other.  Some curses contained the goodness of the world, while some curses had an important role in the stories hidden behind them. Today we are going to tell you about such curses, which had an important contribution in the history, but can see their impact as evidence in the present. If we look at it thoughtfully, we will find that curses do not happen only to humans, curses of animals and even trees can be seen.  Along with the spirits on the trees, Yakshadevas also reside. Cutting down a healthy green tree has been called a great sin.  From ancient times,  rishis have called it a sin to cut down trees or kill innocent animals, birds and animals.  This is probably the reason behind this. Their energy condenses and destroys individuals.
Whether it is an eye defect or a curse or any other defect - energy plays an important role in all of these. Any curse or blessing has the will power and its effect is through eye, word and mental projection. Despite Ravana being so knowledgeable and powerful, he got such a curse that everything was destroyed. In the Mahabharata, the curse of Draupadi caused the destruction of the Kaurava dynasty. At the same time, the curse of Takshak Nag affected the Pandavas. Shri Krishna was cursed by Gandhari due to which the Yadav clan was destroyed.  The energy which Gandhari had gained from the austerities of her life, had made Duryodhana like a vajra by flowing through his eyes.  If you consider this, all the pain of Gandhari turned into an energy and made Duryodhana's body vajra.  The same energy came as a curse on Krishna and the entire Yadu dynasty perished.

Curse is a kind of condensate energy.  When there is immense pain in the mind, soul and soul. Then this particular energy starts flowing in form. By any means, whether it is by speech or by resolution, it appears on the front. Due to the curse, big palaces, kings and emperors, landlords were destroyed. The palaces turned into ruins and became part of the legend.

A blessing is such a positive energy, by whose survival the work of the people is successful and they get progress in life.  Blessing has been considered very important not only in our India but also abroad. We are blessed when we bow our heads in respect to our elders.  The exact opposite of blessings is curse.  Never hurt anyone's heart so that curse comes out of his mouth for you. In earlier times there used to be so many glorious people that they used to curse like that to do the same with him..  Because of this we have always been taught that always take the most blessings and do not curse anyone. You believe or not , but this curse has a great impact on your life.

Now let's know the story of curses in the context of religious texts.

Many of curses must have been heard in our religious texts, but do you know that Lord Vishnu has also received more than half a dozen such curses that he had to suffer.  Today, when we are most angry at someone, then we threaten to kill him or even think of killing him.  But if they have own selfishness or if they are own lover then it is okay, okay, no matter what, let us settle the matter.
But when the era was of religion i.e. the Satyuga, when all human beings were Brahmins and ascetics, at that time curses were used in place of all of them.  First any was not angry at all, but when there was some crime from the front, the curse would result in anger, which had terrible consequences. However, even in the curse of great men, there welfare is hidden and that curse was proved to be a boon over time.  It is also not that only humans and deities were cursed by Brahmins but Lord Vishnu himself was also included in the curse.

Now let's discuss the story of curses related to various events.

01. Curse given to Lord Vishnu by Bhrigu rishi.

 This story is about Matsya avatar.  According to this, Lord Vishnu incarnated on earth, but his incarnation was the result of Bhirugu curse.
Maharishi Bhrigu, father of Asura Guru Shukracharya, cursed Lord Vishnu to be born on earth many times and that is why he took birth in human form in the forms of Rama, Krishna, Vamana and Parashurama.
According to this Shukracharya was more knowledgeable than Brihaspati, despite this, Devraj Indra considered Brihaspati as his guru instead of him. Taking this as his insult, Shukracharya accepted becoming the master of the Asuras and decided to take revenge from Indra through the Asuras. But the Devas had the boon of immortality and not the Asuras, so Shukracharya knew very well that the Asuras would never win over the Devas. Shukracharya, to get a solution to this difficulty, pleased Lord Shiva and thought of a way to get the blessing of the mrit-sanjivani vidya.
It was the power by which even the dead could be brought alive. Shukracharya went out to do hard austerities to please Lord Shiva but before leaving he instructed the Asuras to stay in the huts of his parents Rishi Bhrigu and mother Kavyamata so that the gods could not harm him in his absence.
When Indra came to know about this, he considered it a golden opportunity to win the gods.  One day when the sage Bhrigu was not in the hut, they attacked there.  But Kavyamata built a protective shield with her penace power so that Devatas could not harm the Asuras.  In this way the gods started losing to the Asuras.
When Lord Vishnu came to know about this, he thought of protecting the Gods.  When the Kavyamata to defeat the Devas,  then he beheaded her with his Sudarshan Chakra.  When Sage Bhrigu came to know about this, he cursed Lord Vishnu that he too would have to feel the sufferings of birth and death by taking birth again and again on earth.  Though later the sage brought Kavyamata alive with the help of Kamadhenu cow but he did not take back the curse given to Lord Vishnu.

02. Tulsi cursed to Lord Vishnu.

Once upon a time there was a demon named Dambha who was rapt of devotion to Lord Vishnu but he lacked children in his life, for which he went to the ashura's Guru Shukracharya and Shukracharya gave him a mantra and said that you go to Pushkar and worship to the Lord Vishnu.
By obeying the Guru, he went to a place in Pushkar and started doing intense austerities of Lord Vishnu, which pleased Lord Vishnu gave him the boon of being a majestic son.  After some time, when the son was born in the house of the demon, he named his son Sankhachud.
The time passed and the Sankhachud became young and due to his demonic instinct, in the desire to get a boon, Sankhchud started doing intense penance to please Brahma Ji.
Brahma appeared pleased with his penance and asked him to ask for a boon.  Then he told Brahma ji that I want such a boon that I never killed by any god, demon, human, yaksha. Hearing this, Brahma Ji said that if you go to Badarivan and marry the daughter of Dharmadhvaj who is doing penance there,then no one will get to kill you according to you.


Then Sankhchud went to Badarivan and married to Tulsi . Now Sankhchud was known that his boon has fructified. Then he defeated the deity and took control of heaven.  After being deprived of heaven, Indra came to Brahma ji and asked him the secret of Sankhchud death, then Brahma Ji said that only Lord Shiva can kill him. Knowing this, all the gods reached Lord Shiva and requested to kill the Sankhachud.  Hearing the talk of all the gods, Lord Shiva sent one of his messengers Chitraratha to the Sankhachud and asked him to leave heaven.
But the Sankhchud rejected this message of Lord Shiva, which angered Lord Shiva and went out to kill the Sankhchud and both started to fight but due to the  satitva of his wife Tulsi it was not easy to defeat the Sankhchud and finally when Lord Shiva raised his trident, then akashwani said that Lord Shiva can not kill the Sankhachud ,as long as the wife of the Sankhachud would follow her pativrata dharma.  Hearing this Akashvani, Lord Vishnu, taking the form of an old Brahmin, sought divine armor of Sankhachud and after this he took Sankhachud forms and came to his wife Tulsi and destroyed the her sattitva.  After which Lord Shiva slaughtered the Sankhachuda with his trident. But when Tulsi came to know about this, she cursed Lord Vishnu that he will be transformed into a stone.

03. Sage Dadhichi gave curse to Lord Vishnu.

 Rishi Dadhichi was Bhriguvanshi and was a devotee of Shiva, he had a Kshatriya king friend named Kshuva.  One day, in the matter, there was an argument about the superiority of each other's cast, in which Kshuva got angry and  start to beat Dadhichi and broke his bones and left him there.
Then he worshiped Lord Shiva, then Shiva gave him darshan and healed him and made his bones incomparable (due to which became a vajra from bones).  Then Dadhichi defeated Kshuva, Kshuva was Vaishnav and started doing austerities of Vishnu ji only with a feeling of revenge.
When God appeared, he asked for a boon to be called on mouth of Dadhichi, the superiority of the Kshatriyas over the Brahmins, then Lord Vishnu said that the Brahmin is the best and my favorite too. But you asked for this thing as a boon by doing penance, then I will definitely make efforts because of being a bhakta vatsal, which will cause my insult in future. Then Lord Vishnu became a beggar in disguise as a Brahmin and started asking for a boon but Dadhichi Rishi recognized him with his tapobal and became enraged.  He then cursed Vishnu that in future you will be ashamed to lose fight with a Rudra gana. Due to this curse, Lord Vishnu could not win from Veerabhadra and had to run from there in the Daksha Yajna demolition.  But in this was his  bhatha vatsalata, that if he did not accept the  curse of the Brahmin, then the brahmin's penace power would have been destroyed. it was also his nobility and greatness.

 04. Why Narada cursed Lord Vishnu ?

It is not that only God punishes a man for his karma or prescribes birth and death.  Many times God has had to be cursed even for doing good deeds.  The thing to note here is that God has endured these curses received by himself after suffering many pains so that the values ​​of those who curse him will remain.  One such incident is related to Narada Muni, when he cursed Srihari Vishnu…
Once, Narada Muni sat down in devotion to Lord Vishnu.  Devraj Indra felt that Narad Muni did want to attain heaven on the strength of his tenacity.  On this, he sent Kamadeva to dissolve the tenacity of Narada Muni with the apsara's of heaven.  But Kamadeva's Maya had no effect on Narada Muni.  Then the scared Kamadeva apologized to Narada and returned to heaven.
Narada Muni became arrogant that he had conquered Kamdev.  In such a situation, he reached Baikunth near Srihari to declare his victory and started telling him the whole incident how he conquered Kamadeva.  Shrihari Vishnu came to know the arrogance that came in the mind of Narada and he decided to free his beloved Narad Muni from arrogance.
When Narada ji was returning from Baikunth, on the way he saw a very beautiful and prosperous city, which had a huge palace.  This city was built by Srihari from his Yogmaya.  Narada Muni could not understand anything because he was in tune and reached the palace of this city.  The king gave him a grand welcome and called his daughter and told Narada Muni that I have to do my princess's swayamvara.  Seeing its hand, tell us something about its future. Narada ji was fascinated by the appearance of the princess.  When Narada saw his hand, he was left looking at the palm lines.  According to her hand's lines, her husband will be world conqueror and the whole world will bow down at her feet.  Narada ji did not tell this thing to the king and tell other good things and left from there.  Narada ji had forgotten own Vairagya after seeing the form of the princess and the lines of her hand.
Wishing for marriage, Narada went back to Baikunth and requested Vishnu to make himself beautiful.  To this Srihari said, ‘Munivar I will do what is in your interest.’ Narada ji did not understand the meaning of what Narayana said and, returning from the Baikuntha in the idea of ​​marriage, went to the princess’s swayamvara.  He felt that now he has become very beautiful and the princess will now put a garland around his neck.  But the princess put the garland on another prince's neck and did not even look at Narada Muni.


Narada ji felt that Shrihari made me beautiful, then the princess did not even see me, he was surprised when he saw own face in water with these thoughts.  His face was like a monkey….  Narada ji was very angry and after filling in anger, he reached Baikuntha.  Where along with Srihari Vishnu he also saw the princess. On this, he called Srihari very good and cursed that you have ridiculed me by giving a monkey face, I curse you that you will be born on earth and you will have to take help of these monkeys.  You have given me the female separation, you also have to bear the female separation.
Shrihari Vishnu kept on smiling after listening to Narada.  Then the princess merged into the mata Lakshmi.  Seeing this scene, Narada understood that the princess was none other than Mother Lakshmi herself and that the prince was none other than Srihari Vishnu himself.  On getting knowledge, Narada Muni started apologizing to God.  But could not take back the curse.  Srihari also obeyed his voice and incarnated as Shri Ram.  In this, he also had to suffer disconnection from Mother Sita and Rudravatar Hanumanji in the form of monkey also supported him in the time of crisis.

Friends, this was the story of some curses, I will soon be presented with the next part of it… till then… Jai Shree Narayana


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Sunday, March 22, 2020

Mahajanpada


Mahajanpada


Mahajanapada literally means great kingdom. They flourished in north / northwestern parts of India before the rise of Buddhism.  The various regions of the Indian subcontinent were first divided into districts, a clear demarcation by boundaries.  Many Janpad of 600 BC further developed into large political bodies.  These states are known as Mahajanapada in Buddhist traditions. India was divided into 16  janpad in the sixth century AD before the birth of Buddha.  We get this information from the Buddhist Anguttar nikaay. State or administrative units in ancient India were called 'Mahajanapadas'.  Some janpad are mentioned in the later Vedic period.  They have been mentioned many times in Buddhist texts.
In the sixth century BCE, Vayakaran Panini mentions 22 Mahajanapadas.  Three of them - Magadha, Kosal and Vats have been described as important.
More information about them is found in the early Buddhist and Jain texts.  Although a total of sixteen Mahajanapadas are named, these nomenclatures differ in different texts.
 Historians believe that this difference is due to changing political circumstances at different times.  In addition, the information of the makers of these lists may also be different from their geographical location.  There are 16 Mahajanapadas mentioned in Mahavastu, a Buddhist text. The Mahajanapadas are mentioned from the Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya and the Jain literature Bhagwati Sutra, which has 16 numbers. Of the sixteen Mahajanapadas, Magadha, Kosal, Vats and Avanti were the most powerful. Among sixteen Mahajanapadas, Ashmak was the only a janpad.  Which was located in South India. Gandhara and Kamboj Mahajanapada were located in Pakistan. Of all the Mahajanapadas, the maximum number of (8) Mahajanapadas were in modern Uttar Pradesh. Anga, Vajji and Magadha Mahajanapada were located in Bihar. In the sixth century BC, the first republican state of the world 'Vajji Sangh' also emerged. Malla and Shakya were other important republics in the sixth century BC. They are referred to by Buddhist and other texts as the sixteen great states.  The sixteen Mahajanapadas include Kasi, Kosal, Anga, Magadha, Vajji, Malla, Chedi, Vatsa, Kuru, Panchal, Machha, Surasen, Ashmak, Avanti, Gandhara and Kambhoj.
The sixteen states named Mahajanapada are found in the early texts of Buddhism and Jainism.  The list of names of Mahajanapadas is not the same in these texts but names like Vajji, Magadha, Kosala, Kuru, Panchal, Gandhara and Avanti are often found. It is known from this that these Mahajanapadas must have been known as important Mahajanapada.  Mostly the Mahajanapadas were ruled by the king, but a group of people ruled in states known as Gana and Sangha, every person of this group was called a king. Each Mahajanapada had a capital which was surrounded by a fort.  The sixteen Mahajanapadas of India date back to the sixth century BCE.  These Mahajanapadas were:
Avanti: The state of modern Malwa, whose capital was Ujjayini and Mahishmati.  Ujjaini (Ujjain) is a major city in the state of Madhya Pradesh.  The Mahabharata describes Sahadeva conquering Avanti. This janpada has been called Malava in the Jain text Bhagwati Sutra.  This janpada broadly included the middle part of present-day Malwa, Nimar and Madhya Pradesh.  According to the Puranas, Avanti was founded by Yaduvanshi Kshatriyas. Fourth century BC  The janpada of Avanti was included in the Maurya Empire and Ujjayini was the capital of the western province of the Magadha Empire.  During the Gupta period, Chandragupta Vikramaditya again conquered Avanti and threw foreign power from there. In the medieval period, this city was mainly called Ujjain and it is described as a main place in the province of Malwa.  In the Jain text Vividhairtha Kalpa, the name of the state of Malwa is Avanti.
Mahakala is counted in the Jyotirlingas of Shiva.  For this reason, this city has also been called Shivpuri.  The ancient Avanti was located in the place of present-day Ujjain, this fact is proved by the fact that the river Kshipra which flows nowadays near Ujjain is also mentioned in ancient literature near Avanti.
Ashmak: Patan was the capital of this region situated between the rivers Narmada and Godavari.  In the modern period, this region is called Maharashtra.  In Buddhist literature, this state, which was situated on the Godavari coast, is mentioned in many places. In Suttanipat, Asmak is mentioned on the Godavari coast.  Its capital was at Potan, Paudanya or Paithan (Pratishthanpur).  Panini also mentions Ashmakas in the Ashtadhyayi.  In Sonanandajatak, Asmak is said to be related to Avanti. The king named Ashmak is mentioned in Vayu Purana and Mahabharata.  Probably this district is called Ashmak by the name of this king.  Greek writers refer to the Asscanoe people in northwestern India.  They may have had historical connections with the southern Ashwakas or it may have been the transformation of the Ashwakas.
Anga: Munger and Bhagalpur districts of present-day of Bihar.  In the Mahajanapada era, the capital of Anga Mahajanapada was Champa.  There is an incident in the Mahabharata text that Acharya Drona organized a competition in Hastinapur to demonstrate the war skills of the Kaurava princes.
Arjun emerged as the highest talented archer in this competition.  Karna challenged Arjun to a duel battle in this competition.  But Kripacharya turned it down saying that Karna is not a prince. Therefore, he cannot participate in this competition.  Therefore, Duryodhana had declared Karna as the king of Anga.  At first the Anga was under Magadha but later Bhishma won the Anga, it came under Hastinapur.
Kamboj: In ancient Sanskrit literature, there are many references about the Kamboj states or the Kamboj resident here, which shows that the country of Kamboj was largely from Kashmir to Hindukush. In Valmiki-Ramayana, the best horses of Kamboj, Valhik and Vanayu states are described to be in Ayodhya.  According to the Mahabharata, Arjuna had defeated the residents of Dardistan as well as the Kambojas in the context of Digvijaya Yatra in his north direction. In the Mahabharata it is said that Karna reached Rajpur and won the Kambojas, its proved that Rajpur a city of Kamboj.  In the Vedic period, Kamboj was the center of Aryan culture as indicated by the mention of vansh-Brahmin, but over a period of time, Kamboj came to be deemed out of Aryan-culture when Aryanism advanced towards the east. Yuvanchwang has also described Kambojas as uncultured and with violent tendencies.  According to Rajpur, Nandinagar and Ricedevies of Kamboj, the cities named Dwarka are mentioned in the literature. The Mahabharata describes several kambojas kings, among whom Sudarshan and Chandravarman are the main ones.  This republic would have merged under Chandragupta's empire in the Mauryan period.
Kashi: Another name of Varanasi, 'Kashi' was famous as a janpada in ancient times and Varanasi was its capital.  This is also confirmed by the travelogue of Fahian, a Chinese traveler visiting India in the fifth century. It is mentioned in the Harivanshpurana that the descendant of Pururava who settled 'Kashi' was King 'Kash'.  Hence their descendants are called 'Kashi'.  It is possible that on the basis of this, the name of this district is named 'Kashi'.  A mythological myth associated with naming Kashi is also available. It is mentioned that Vishnu called this area a free zone after the fall of Parvati's Muktamaya Kundal and named the shrine Kashi due to its inexplicable ultimate light. It is said that Kashi is situated on the trident of Lord Shankar, that is why it is considered an area outside the earth.  It is also said that the entire earth is destroyed during the Holocaust, but the city of Kashi is safe due to Shankar being on the trident.
Kuru: Modern Haryana and Delhi included the western part of the Yamuna River.  Its capital was modern Delhi (Indraprastha).  An ancient state whose north part of the Himalayas was known as 'Uttar Kuru' and the south part of Himalayas as 'South Kuru'. According to Bhagwat, Yudhishthra's Rajsuya Yajna and Shri Krishna married Rukmini here.  A son of Agnidh was named 'Kuru', a famous Chandravanshi king mentioned in Vedic literature.  Generally, the children of Dhritarashtra are known as 'Kaurava', but the descendants of Kuru were both Kaurava-Pandavas. Famous janpada of ancient India, whose position was in present day Delhi-Meerut region.  In the Mahabharata period, Hastinapur was the capital of Kuru-Janpad district.  It is known from the Mahabharata that the ancient capital of Kuru was Khandavaprastha.  It is known from many accounts of Mahabharata that Kurujangal, Kuru and Kurukshetra were the three main parts of this vast janpada. The main Kuru janpada was near Hastinapur (District Meerut, U.P.).  It was situated to the south by Khandava, to the north by Turdhan and to the west by Parinah.  It is possible that these were the names of various forests.  The Kuru janpada included the present Thanesar, Delhi and the northern Ganges Dwaba (part of the Meerut-Bijnor districts). In the Mahabharata, the Indian Kuru-Janapadas have been called Dakshina Kuru and they are also mentioned along with the North-Kurus.  According to Mahasut-Som-Jataka, the expansion of Kuru district was three hundred Kos. It seems that after this period and as a result of the increasing power of Magadha, which was fully developed with the establishment of the Maurya Empire, Kuru, whose capital was flew into the Ganges in the time of Hastinapur King Nichakshu, which was left by this king, made his capital in Kaushambi which is part of Vats janpada and gradually merged into the trough of forgetfulness.
Kosala: Famous district of Northern India, whose capital was the world-famous city of Ayodhya.  Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh included the areas of Gonda and Bahraich.  It was located in the coastal region of Saryu (a tributary of the Ganges river) flow area. The Vedashruti River flowed on the southern border of Kosala state during the Ramayana period.  Sri Ramachandraji crossed the Kosala border before crossing the Gomti River on his way to the forest from Ayodhya. The passage of Vedashruti and Gomti is mentioned in Ayodhya Kand and after crossing the Sayandika or Sayi River, Shri Rama showed Sita the land of the prosperous (Kosal) kingdom given to many Janpadas left behind and given to Manu through  Ikshvaku. During the Ramayana period, this country was divided into two districts - north
 Kosal and South Kosal.  Rani Kaushalya of King Dasharatha was probably Rajakanya of South Kosala (Raipur-Bilaspur district, Madhya Pradesh).  Ayodhya was a very prosperous city during the Ramayana period. In the Mahabharata, Bhimsen's Digvijay Yatra mentions the defeat of Kosala-Naresh Brihadbal.  The sixth and fifth centuries BC  Kosal was a powerful kingdom similar to Magadha, but gradually the importance of Magadha increased and with the establishment of the Maurya Empire, Kosal became a part of the Magadha Empire.
Gandhara: Western region of Pakistan and eastern region of Afghanistan.  Many times people make the mistake of linking it to modern Kandahar which was actually located some south of the region.  The main center of this region was modern Peshawar and the surrounding areas. The principal cities of this Mahajanapada were - Purushpur (modern Peshawar) and Taxila was its capital.  It existed from 600 BCE to the 11th century.  By the 13th century, the Indian name of Yunnan was Gandhar.  The mention of this region is found in the inscriptions of Mahabharata and Ashoka. According to the Mahabharata, the queen of Dhritarashtra and mother of Duryodhana was the princess of Gandhari Gandhar.  Nowadays it is the region of Rawalpindi and Peshawar districts of Pakistan.  Taxila and Pushkalavati were famous cities here. After being a part of Ashoka's empire, it remained under Persian and Kushan kingdom for some time.  In the historical follow-up, Kautilya has been described as the jewel of the Taxila university. Ayodhyapati Ramchandra ji's brother Bharata conquered the Gandharva country and settled the towns of Taxila and Pushkalavati at the behest of Kekay-Naresh Yudhajit.  During the Mahabharata period, the Gandhar country had a close relationship with Hastinapur.  Gandhari, Dhritarashtra's wife, was Rajakanya of Gandhar.  Shakuni was her brother.
Chedi: Presently the area of ​​Bundelkhand comes under it.  The ancient name of the area between the Ganges and the Narmada was Chedi.  It was also among the sixteen Mahajanapadas mentioned in Buddhist texts.  Once upon a time Shishupala was the famous king of this place.
He was about to get married to Rukmini that Sri Krishna kidnapped Rukmini, only after that when Shree Krishna was given the first place in Yudhishthra's Rajasuya Yajna, Shishupala strongly condemned him.  On this, Shri Krishna killed him.
The present-day Chanderi town in Gwalior region of Madhya Pradesh is said to be the capital of the ancient Chedi state.  The Chedi janpada in the Mahabharata, along with many other janpada, has been counted among the contemporary janpada of Kuru. The residents of Chedi janpada have been praised in Karnaparva.  During the Mahabharata, Krishna's rival Shishupala was the ruler of Chedi.  Its capital is said to be Shuktmati.
Vrijhi: The Buddhist Republic of North Bihar, which has been called Vrijji in Buddhist literature.  In fact, this republic was part of a state-union with eight other members (Attakul) of whom Videha, Lichhavi and gyaatrikagana were famous. During the Buddha's lifetime, the struggle continued for many days in the Magadha emperor Ajatshatru and the Republic of Vrijji.  According to the Mahavagga, two of Ajatashatru's ministers Sunidh and Varshakara (Vasakara) had built a fort at Pataligram (Pataliputra) to stop the invasions of the Vrijjis. The Mahaparinibban Sutant also describes the opposition of Ajatashatru and the Vrijjis.  Vajji is probably a variation of Vrajhi.  Vajri's nomenclature in the opinion of Bulhar, Ashoka's inscription no.  Is in 13.  The Jain Tirthankara Mahavira was the prince of the Republic of Vrijji.
Vats: Allahabad and Mirzapur districts of modern Uttar Pradesh used to come under it.  The capital of this district was Kaushambi (district Allahabad Uttar Pradesh). The name of Vatsa state is also mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana that while going to Ramchandra forest with the same effect as Lokpal, crossing the Mahanadi Ganga soon reached the rich and happy Vatsa state. This explanation proves that during the Ramayana period, the river Ganges flowed on the border of Vatsa and Kosala janpadas.  At the time of Gautama Buddha, the king of the Vatsa janpada was Udayan, who married Vasavadatta, the daughter of the avanti-king Chandapradyot. At this time Kaushambi was counted among the great cities of northern India.  According to the Mahabharata, Bhimsen had conquered the Vatsa land in the context of Digvijay of the east.
Panchal: is the ancient name of the region enclosed by the districts of Bareilly, Badaun and Farrukhabad in western Uttar Pradesh.  It was spread in the Gangetic plain between Kanpur to Varanasi.  It also had two branches - the first branch was Ahichatra, the capital of north  Panchal and the second branch was Kampilya, the capital of South Panchal. Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, was also called Panchali for being the princess of Panchal. The Satapatha Brahmin mentions a city named Panchala's Parivaka or Parichaka, which according to Weber is the Ekachaka of the Mahabharata.
Panchal was the collective name of five ancient clans.  They were Kivi, Keshi, Srnjaya, Turvasas and Somak.  Panchalas and Kuru janpadas used to fight with each other.  It is known from the Adiparva of Mahabharata that Dronacharya, the guru of the Pandavas, with the help of Arjuna, defeated Panchalaraja Drupada and left only South Panchala (whose capital was Kampilya) and took over North Panchal. Thus during the Mahabharata period, Panchal was situated on both the northern and south banks of the Ganges.  Drupada previously lived in the city of Ahichatra or Chhatravati.  Draupadi's Swayamvara described in the Mahabharata Adiparva took place in Kampilya.  Bhimsen, in his former country Digvijaya Yatra, in many ways understood and convinced the Panchal residents.
Magadha: was the most powerful janpada in northern India during the Buddhist period and later.  Its position was largely in the state of South Bihar.  The modern Patna and Gaya district were included in it.  Its capital was Giriwarj .  Brihadratha and Jarasandha were the previous kings of Lord Buddha here. It was located in southern Bihar which later became the most powerful Mahajanapada of North India.  The range of Magadha Mahajanapada extended from the Ganges in the north to the Vindhya Mountains in the south, from Champa in the east to the Son River in the west.  The ancient capital of Magadha was Rajagriha.  Later, the capital of Magadha was established in Pataliputra. In the Magadha state, the then powerful state of Kaushal, Vatsa and Avanti was merged with his janpada.  Thus Magadha expanded into Akhand Bharat and the history of ancient Magadha became the history of India. The area of ​​Patna and Gaya district was known as Magadha in ancient times.  During the time of Gautama Buddha, Bimbisara was ruled in Magadha and then his son Ajatshatru.  At this time, there was a lot of conflict with the Kosala janpada and Magadha, although the daughter of Kosal-King Prasenjit was married to Bimbisara. As a result of this marriage, Magadharaj janpada of Kashi was received as a dowry.  After them, during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka, the power of the influential kingdom of Magadha reached its peak of glory and Pataliputra, the capital of Magadha was the focal point of political power across India. The importance of Magadha remained even after this for many centuries and at the beginning of the Gupta period, the capital of the Gupta Empire remained in Pataliputra for a long time.  Bimbisara is considered the de facto founder of the Magadha Empire. Bimbisara made Girivraj (Rajgir) his capital.  It expanded its empire by adopting its policy of matrimonial relations (Kaushal, Vaishali and Punjab).
Matsya: This included the areas of Alwar, Bharatpur and Jaipur districts of Rajasthan.  A famous janpada of the Mahabharata period, whose status has been considered in the variable state of Alwar-Jaipur.  Virat ruled this janpada and its capital was in a city called Uppalav. Virat Nagar was the second major city of Matsya janpada.  Sahadeva conquered the Matsya state in his Digvijay Yatra.  Bhima also conquered the matasyas.  The Pandavas spent a year of their unknown abode in the Matsya country by staying with Virat.
Malla: It was also a federation and its territories were areas of eastern Uttar Pradesh.  The first definite mention of Malla country is probably in Valmiki Ramayana in such a way that Ramchandra ji settled Chandrakanta in the land of Malla country for Lakshmana's son Chandraketu which was divine like heaven. There are many mentions in the Mahabharata about the mahajanpada of Malla.  Buddhist literature describes the two capitals of Malla janpada as Kushavati and Paava.  There are many references to the rivalry of the Mallas and Lichchhavis in Buddhist and Jain literature. During the political rise of Magadha, the janpada of Malla could not stand in front of the expanding power of this empire.  The fourth century BC  Chandragupta merged into the great empire of Maurya.
Shursen: Shursen Mahajanapada was the famous janpada of North-India with its capital at Mathura.  The region was probably named after Shatrughna, the ruler of Madhurapuri (Mathura),  after the slaying of Lavanasura. Shatrughan was named this janpada his son Shursen. Shursen had established a new city in place of old Mathura, which is described in the Uttarkand of Valmiki Ramayana.  The Mahabharata mentions the victory of Sahadeva over the Shursen-Janpad.  In the Vishnu Purana, the residents of Shursen are probably called Shur and they are mentioned with Abhiras.


Saturday, March 21, 2020

Chhath Puja


Chhath Puja

The Chhath festival is celebrated twice a year with full devotion and faith.  The first Chhath festival is celebrated in Chaitra month and second in Kartik month.  Shashti Chhath of Chaitra Shukla Paksha and Shashthi of Kartik Shukla Paksha are called Kartiki Chhath.  This festival is famous for worshiping Suryadev.

Chhath Puja is an ancient festival celebrated on the sixth day after Diwali.  Chhath Puja is also addressed by the name of Surya Chhath or Dala Chhath.  Chhath Puja is celebrated in various metros of the country including Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh.

Although people bow to the rising sun, Chhath Puja is a unique festival that begins with the worship of the at the time of sunset .  The word "Chhath" comes from the abbreviation "Shashthi", which means "six", so this festival is celebrated on the sixth day of the ascending phase of the moon, on the Shukla Paksha of the month of Kartik.
Starting from the Chaturthi of Kartik month, the festival celebrated till Saptami lasts for four days.  The main puja is performed on the sixth day of the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month.
The fast of Chhath Puja is linked to the happiness, prosperity and health of the family.  The main purpose of this fast is to wish for the health of all family members including husband, wife, son, grandson.  The practice of Chhath also provides mental peace.  The regular flow of air during Chhath helps to reduce anger, jealousy and other negative emotions. There are many famous folk rituals of Surya worship in our country which are celebrated in different provinces with different customs.  In many other foreign islands including Mauritius, Trinidad, Sumatra, Java, residents of Indian origin celebrate Chhath festival with great faith and pomp.

“This festival is a day of gratitude to the Sun.  Sun is an integral part of our life.  Sun is the basis of our existence.  Arghya is required in this, that is, to see the sun, it is necessary and it can be done only in the morning or evening.  Now the question arises, how long does one need to see the sun?You hold water in your hands and the water slowly comes out of your fingers, till then the sun is seen.  Seeing the sun provides energy to your body.  Therefore, the puja is performed mainly to express gratitude to the Sun. "

It is believed that the celebration of Chhath Puja is clearly stated in the ancient Vedas, as the rituals performed during worship are similar to the rituals described in the Rigveda, in which the sun is worshiped.  At that time, Rishis were also known to worship the Sun and without getting good intake they received their energy directly from the Sun.
Chhath Puja is mainly celebrated in Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh.  However, now this festival is celebrated in every corner of the country.  According to mythology, it is believed that it was one of the main festivals of Suryavanshi kings of India.  It is said that at one time, an ancestor of Magadha emperor Jarasandha had suffered leprosy. In order to get rid of this disease, the Shakladeshi Magh Brahmins of the state worshiped the Sun God.  As a result, the ancestor of the king got rid of leprosy and since then the morning of Suryopasana has started on Chhath.

It is believed that Chhath Devi is the sister of Suryadev.  Therefore, to appease Chhath Devi on Chhath festival, Sun God is pleased.  Suryadev is worshiped on the banks of the Ganges-Yamuna or any river, the lake. Chhath Puja is also mentioned in Mahabharata.  Kunti, the mother of the Pandavas, worshiped the sun god before marriage and received a son as a blessing, whose name was Karna.  Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, also performed Chhath Puja to alleviate their suffering.

Bathing and charity are given special importance in Chhath Puja.  According to the Puranas, the day when Lord Rama established the kingdom of Rama after conquering Lanka was Kartik Shukla Shashthi Tithi.  In which Mata Sita and Lord Rama kept a fast and worshiped Lord Suryanarayana.  After this, Saptami was once again performed rituals and took blessings from Lord Surya. There is another legend about Chhath Puja. According to this legend, Sun son Karna started worshiping Sun God.  Karna was a great devotee of Lord Surya.  He used to offer prayers to Lord Surya by standing in water for many hours every day.  He became a great warrior by the grace of Sun God.  For this reason, the Sun was given even today.
It is said that following the advice of the great sage Dhaumya in the Mahabharata period, Draupadi resorted to Chhath Puja to liberate the Pandavas from hardship.  Through this ritual, she was not only able to solve immediate problems, but later, the Pandavas had reclaimed her kingdom in Hastinapur (present day Delhi). It is said that Karna, the son of Surya (Suraj), who fought against the Pandavas in the great war of Kurukshetra, also performed the ritual of Chhath.  Another significance of worship is also associated with the story of Lord Rama.  According to ancient texts, Rama and his wife Sita had fasted and prayed to the sun god in the month of Kartik in Shukla Paksha after 14 years of exile.  Since then, Chhath Puja has become an important and traditional Hindu festival, which is celebrated with enthusiasm every year.


There is also popular belief that worshiping the Sun God also eliminates diseases like leprosy and ensures the longevity and prosperity of the family.  It is done with strict discipline, purity and highest respect.  And once a family starts roof worship, it becomes their duty to pass on the traditions for generations.

Chhath Puja Festival

 1. First day

 On the first day of Chhath Puja, Kartik Shukla Chaturthi is celebrated as ‘Nahai-Khay’.  The house is first cleaned and made holy.  After this, Chhathvarthi takes a bath and starts the fast by taking “pure vegetarian food made in a holy way”.  All the members of the household take food only after the vrati meal. Pumpkin, gram dal and rice are taken as food.  On this day, devotees take a dip in Koshi, Karnali and the Ganges River, and take this holy water home to prepare the prasad.

2. the second day

 On the second day, Karthik, after fasting for the whole day of fasting on Shukla Panchami, takes food in the evening, it is called ‘Kharna’.  All the people around are invited to take 'Kharna' prasad.  Jaggery and kheer(rice pudding)and bread are made on earthen stove in the form of Prasad.
No salt or sugar is used in it.  Brass utensils are used during worship.  Use banana leaves to worship.  During this time special care should be taken on the cleanliness of the entire house.  After taking the offering, they fast for 36 hours without water.

3. the third day

 Chhath Prasad is made on an earthen stove on the third day of Kartik "Shukla Shashthi".  Thekua in the form of Prasad which is also called Tikri in some areas.  Apart from the Thekua, we make rice laddus. Apart from this, cloves, cardamom , pan-betel nut, foregut, gram, sweets, raw turmeric, ginger, banana, lemon , radish and coconut, vermilion and many other fruits are also brought as prasad of Chhath are included. In the evening, after preparing and arranging the  of Aghrya in a bamboo basket, and with fasting, all the family and the people of the neighborhood walk towards the Ghat to give the Aasthachalami sun. All Chhath Vrat gather together on the banks of a holy river or pond and collectively sing the songs of Chhath.  After this, Arghay performs charity.  The sun is given a water's arghay and the Chhathi maiya is worshiped with prasad-filled sup.
During this, the fair becomes visible for a few hours.  After sunset, everyone comes home singing  chhata's song with all the goods and starts another worship process in the courtyard of their house.  Which is called Koshi.
This puja is performed after the completion of a vow or in an auspicious work in some house.  In it, a roof  is made by tying seven sugarcane, new cloth, in which a clay urn or elephant is kept and lamps are lit in it and prasads are placed around it.  All the women sing in koshi puja song and  give thanks to the chhathi maiya.

This festival is not for any particular gender, but both men and women can keep this fast.

When things comes to the beginning of Chhath Puja, there are different views about it.  The first to describe Chhath Puja is found in two stories.  One will be told by Priyabrata, son of Brahmaputra Manu. Apart from this, the most ancient history which is found to keep the fast of Chhath Puja is through Dakshaputri and Devmata Aditi.  Both of these are recognized as the oldest Chhath Vrat.

Prajapati Daksha became the son of Brahma.  His 13 girls were married to Maharishi Kashyap, son of Maharishi Marichi.  It is said that all the species beings were born from Daksha Kanya and Maharishi Kashyapa. Diti was the eldest of the 13 girls from whom all the demons were born.  All the deities were born to Daksha's second daughter Aditi, who was called Aditya.  Thus the demons became the elder brothers of the gods.
with the time, there was growing disharmony among the demons and devas, which eventually took the form of the Devasur struggle.  The demons were naturally more powerful than the gods as well as elusive. Due to the neutrality of the tridevas, the gods could not get their help and in the first Devasur Sangram the gods were defeated.  The demons took possession of all the three worlds including heaven.
Then Aditi, the mother of the Gods, went to Parampita Brahma and told her situation .  Then Brahmadeva asked her to worship the own-generated Devasena, known as Shashti Devi.  Then Mata Aditi worshiped Shashthi Devi for 100 years.
Pleased with her penance, Shashthi Devi appeared to her and asked her to keep a very difficult fast for  4 days.  After the end of that fast, Shasthi devi was pleased and asked her to ask for a boon.

Then Aditi told her situation , on hearing of which Shashthi Devi blessed her with a virtuous son.  As a result of his boon, Mata Aditi received a son with the qualities of Trideva, whose name was Aditya.

This Aditya later became famous as Vivaswan or Surya.  The gods then attacked the demons with Aditya's power together and eventually conquered.
This 4 day fast observed by Mata Aditi is considered as the first Chhath Puja.  Mata Shashthi later started being called Chhath Maiya . Where Mata Aditi had kept this fast, it became famous in the world as Dev Surya Mandir, which is in Dev name village of Aurangabad district of Bihar. Lord Suryanarayana has so much importance in Chhath Puja due to the worship by Mata Aditi and the birth of Aditya.  That is why in Chhath we worship Suryanarayana while setting and rising and thanking him for giving us life.  The significance of this festival is so much that it has been called Mahaparva.
In the Puranas, there has been a reference to Priyabrata for doing this puja for the first time.
Manu became the son of parampita Brahma, who we also know as Swambhu Manu.  Manu married Shatrupa, born from the left limb of Brahmadev, which gave birth to all humans. In the name of Manu, we are called Maanav.  Both had two sons - Priyavrata and Uttanapada.  The son of Uttanapada was the great devotee Dhruva who attained the eternal world by the grace of Lord Vishnu.
Manu's second son Priyavrata had no children.  His wife's name was Malini.  Priyabrata and Malini were very unhappy due to being childless.  Once Maharishi Kashyap came to the kingdom of Priyavrat.  He was the son of Maharishi Marichi and elder brother of Priyavrata and Uttanapada.
Raja Priyavrat and Malini received him with great respect and served him wholeheartedly.  Maharishi Kashyap was very happy with his service, but seeing both of them unhappy, Maharishi Kashyap asked the reason for this.  On this, Priyavrat told him about his childlessness.
Seeing both grief, Maharishi Kashyap decided to perform the Putreshti Yagya for Priyavrat.  In the auspicious time, he started the yagna and by the end of the yagna, Malini became pregnant as a result of the yagna. After that Maharishi Kashyapa blessed both of them and returned to his ashram.  King Priyavrat and Malini were very happy thinking about their son.


But boths happiness did not last long.  When Malini was delivered in the ninth month, her son was born dead.  Seeing this, Priyavrat's grief did  remain and he started wandering here-there with his dead body in son's disconnection.  One day he decided to put an end to his life and ran towards the fire pit to consume himself.
Before they could commit self-immolation, suddenly a celestial plane from heaven descended in front of them and a goddess appeared from it.  Seeing his form and brilliance, Priyavrat asked him to introduce him. Then that goddess said - "O Rajan! I am Devasena, the psyche daughter of the Brahma. I am born from the sixth part of Brahmadev, so I have a name called Shashthi. But why do you want to end your life.

Then Priyavrat told her how his son was born dead.  Hearing this, that goddess touched his son and by her touch, the child immediately became alive and began to cry.  When Priyavrata saw this miracle, he worshiped the goddess in different ways.  The day Devasena had gave  life Priyavrat's son, it was the shasti tithi of Kartik month.

Then Priyavrat told him what else he could serve him?  Then Shashti Mata said that she wants her worship on earth to continue forever.  Priyavrat was a Prajapati, so he made a law for worshiping Goddess Shashthi. First of all, he himself worshiped them by keeping a fast and that order has been going on since then.  Today we know the same Devasena or Shashti Devi as Chhath Maiya.  According to South Indian religious texts, the same Devasena was later married to Kartikeya, the eldest son of Mahadev.



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