Mahashivratri (colloquially Shivaratri) is a major festival of Hindus. This is the main festival of Lord Shiva. Shivaratri is said to be the best vrat (fast) in Hindu scriptures. It has also been called Vratraj in many description and it has been written about its importance that it is a Mahavrata to give all four Purusharthas i.e. Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. It is also written in the scriptures that Shivaratri comes on the Chaturdashi tithi of Krishna Paksha in every month, but Shivaratri in the month of Falgun is Maha Shivaratri, when Shiva was united with Shakti and the origin of the universe began.
According to the scriptures, Lord Shiva is pleased by saying, listening to and reading the story of this fast.Phalgun Krishna Chaturdashi is celebrated Shivaratri festival. It is believed that the universe started on this day. According to mythology, the creation of universe this day began with the rise of Agnilinga (which is the giant form of Mahadev).
Most people believe that on this day Lord Shiva was married to Goddess Parvati. Mahashivaratri is considered to be the most important of the 12 Shivaratris that occur in the year.
In Kashmir Shaivism, this festival is also known as 'Har - Ratri and colloquially say 'Heraath' or 'Herath'.
In Hinduism, worship of Bholenath is considered very important. It is believed that whoever worships Bholenath with true mind and faith, all the sufferings of his life are removed.
Every person who worships Lord Shiva's meditation worship starts getting rid of the difficulties of his life and also gets the courage to get out of difficulties. Monthly Shivaratri is celebrated on Chaturdashi date of Krishna Paksha of every month. Apart from Mahashivratri, 12 Shivaratri also come in the year, which have different importance. It is believed that Bholenath manifests itself in the form of Shiva linga on the day of monthly Shivaratri.
It is told in the Shiva Purana that Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu were the first to worship Lord Shiva as a formless symbol.According to our Dharma Puranas, worshiping Shiva on the day of monthly Shivaratri after Mahashivaratri is very important.
* A lot of stories have been described in our Dharma Puranas about Shivaratri *.
* Story | *At one time Lord Shiva became very angry. The whole world was going to be destroyed in the fire of his anger, but Goddess Parvati pacified the anger of Shiva and pleased him. For this reason, Chaturdashi Tithi of Krishna Paksha of every month is celebrated as monthly Shivaratri.
According to another legend, once there was an estrangement between Lord Vishnu and Brahma. There was a difference of opinion between the two about who is the best among Brahma and Vishnu.
Shivaji appears in front of them as a Agnistambha (pillar of fire) and tells Vishnu and Brahma Ji that I do not see any end of this Agnistambha (fire pillar) . Then Lord Vishnu and Brahma ji realize the mistake and they have made apologize to Shiva for their mistake.That is why it is said that whoever observes Shivaratri vrat (fast) , his ego is destroyed and the human being awakens the same feeling towards all things. Fasting of Shivaratri brings an end to the disorders within the human being. Shivaratri fast and worship are very important in Hinduism. The fast of Shivaratri is considered to be one of the biggest fasts in Hinduism. On this day, Shiva is specially worshiped in all Shiva temples.
On the day of Samudra Manthan Mahashivratri, Lord Shiva kept a poison named Kalkut in his throat. Which came out at the time of churning the sea.
Story of hunter
Once Parvati ji asked Lord Shiva Shankar, 'What is the best and simple fast-worship, from which the beings of the mrityuloka get your grace easily?'In reply, Shivji told this story by telling Parvati to observe the fast of 'Shivratri' - 'Once there was a hunter named Chitrabhanu. He use to raised his family by killing animals. He was indebted to a saahukaar (moneylender), but could not repay his loan on time. The angry saahukaar (moneylender) captives the hunter at Shivamath. Coincidentally it was Shivratri that day.
The hunter meditated and kept listening to religious things related to Shiva. He also heard the story of Shivaratri fast on Chaturdashi. Just before dusk, the moneylender called near to him and talked about repaying the loan. He promising to return the loan at next day and the hunter get freed the captivity of saahukaar.
Like his daily routine he went out hunting in the forest. But due to being in captive all day long, he was disturbed by hunger and thirst. To hunt, he started making a halt on a bel tree(wood apple) on the banks of a pond.
Under the bel tree there was the Shivling which was covered with belleaves . Hunter did not knowing the any things. The branches he broke while making the halt that incidentally fell on the Shivling .
In this way, fasting and thirsty hunters were also complete fasted throughout the day and bel leaves were also offered on the Shivling. After sometime in the night, a pregnant deer came to drink water at the pond.
As soon as the hunter drew an arrow on the bow, the lady deer said, 'I am pregnant. She said to "I will birth child soon" . You will kill two creatures simultaneously, which is not right. I will give birth to the child and will be presented to you soon, then you kill me. ' The hunter loosened the chord and the lady deer disappeared into the wild bushes.
Shortly after, another lady deer emerged from there. The hunter was very pleased . After coming close, he put the bow on the arrow. Seeing him, the lady deer politely pleaded, 'O Pardhi! I freed from the menses a while ago.
I am lustful. I am wandering in search of my beloved I will meet my husband and come to you soon. ' The hunter let him go as well.
He was perturbed over losing his prey twice. He was in all sort of thoughts. The last hour of the night was passed. Then another lady deer was crossing with her children.
It was a golden opportunity for hunter. He did not take long to shoot arrows at the bow. He was about to release the arrow that the lady deer said, 'O Pardhi!' I will return to giving these children to their father. Do not kill me this time.
The hunter laughed and said, leave the prey in front, I am not such a fool. I have lost my prey twice before. My children must be suffering from hunger and thirst.
In response, the deer again said, as you are worried about your children, so same as me. Therefore, in the due to worry of children, I am beg to life for a while. Hey Pardhi! Trust me, I promise to give them to their father and return immediately.
Hearing the deer's sad voice, the hunter felt pity on him. He let that lady deer escape too. In the absence of hunting, the hunter was sitting on the bel tree and being thrown down by breaking the bel leaves.
When the early morning , a strong deer came on the same path. The hunter thought that he would surely hunt it.
Seeing the arrow of the hunter, the deer said in a polite voice, O brother! If you have killed the three lady deers and small children that came before me, do not delay in killing me too, so that I do not have to suffer a single moment in their disconnection.
I am the husband of those lady deers . If you have given them life, please give me some life too. I will meet her and appear before you.
As soon as he heard the deer, the whole night happened incident rounded in front of the hunter, he narrated the whole story to the deer. Then the deer said, 'The way my three wives have gone as promised, they will not be able to follow own dharma due my death.
So, just as you have left them as a believing , let me also go. I will appear before you soon with all of them.
'Fasting, night-awakening and offering the bel leves on the Shivling, the violent heart of the hunter was purged. Bhagavad Shakti was settled in his heart. The bow and arrow were easily left from his hand.
Due to the compassion of Lord Shiva, his violent heart filled with compassionate feelings. He started burning in the flame of repentance remembering his past deeds.
Shortly afterwards, the deer and his family appeared in front of the hunter, so that he could hunt them, but the hunter was very sorry for seeing such veracity, sattvikta and collective love of wild animals.
There was a flood of tears from his eyes. By not killing that deer's family, the hunter removed his hard heart from living violence and made him soft and kind forever.
All the Dev Samaj (Gods society) from Devalok were also watching this event. As soon as the event ended, the Gods and Goddesses made flowering on them. Then the hunter and deer family attained moksha '.
This is the message of Shiva Katha
It is also not necessary to have Mahashivaratri day for doing charity. There are four types of Shivaratri worship in Purana. Monthly Shivaratri, First Adi Shivaratri, and Mahashivratri. The last Shivaratri mentioned Purana is - Nitya Shivaratri. In fact every night is 'Shivaratri' if we immerse ourselves in those supreme welfare Ashutosh Bhagwan and follow the path of welfare, that is the true fast of Shivaratri.
The ritualSeveral types of garlands of marigold flowers are offered to Shiva. On this occasion Lord Shiva is consecrated in many ways. Jalabhisheka: by water and Dugabhisheka: by milk.
Very early in the morning, the temples of Lord Shiva are gathering with devotees, young people, ladies and old men who all come to worship the traditional Shivalinga and pray to the Lord.
Devotees bathe in holy places such as Ganga, or (in the Shiva Sagar of Khajuraho) or any other sacred water source at sunrise. These are rituals of purification, which form an important part of all Hindu festivals. Clean clothes are wear after the holy bath, devotees carry a pot of water to the temple to bathe Shivalinga. Women and men both pray to Surya, Vishnu and Shiva. The bells and "Shankar ji ki jai" sound resonate in the temples. . Devotees revolve the Shivling three or seven times and then offer water or milk on the Shivling as well.
According to Shiva Purana, six things must be included in Mahashivaratri Puja:
Shivratri in indiaCentral India has a large number of Shiva followers. Mahakaleshwar Temple, (Ujjain) is the most revered temple of Lord Shiva where every year a large congregation of Shiva devotees come for worship on the day of Maha Shivaratri. This festival is celebrated with great religious fervor at Jeonra, the Math Temple in Seoni and two other places called Tilwara Ghat in Jabalpur.
Mahashivraatri is the most important festival for Kashmiri Brahmins. It is celebrated in every household as the marriage of Shiva and Parvati. It starts 3-4 days before the festival of Mahashivaratri and continues for two days after that. In the south India Mahashivaratri is widely celebrated in all temples in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
Shivaratri in BangladeshThe Hindu celebrates Mahashivratri in Bangladesh. They fast in the hope of receiving the divine blessings of Lord Shiva.
Many Bangladeshi Hindus visit Chandranath Dham (Chittagong) on this special day. Bangladeshi Hindus believe that a woman / man who fasts and worships on this day gets a good husband or wife. Because of this, this festival is very famous here.
Shivratri in nepalMahashivratri in Nepal Pashupatinath temple.
Mahashivratri is widely celebrated in Nepal and especially in the Pashupatinath temple. On the occasion of Maha Shivaratri, the Pashupatinath temple of Kathmandu is thronged by devotees.
On this occasion, Yogis, Jogis, Nathji and devotees from different places of the world, including India, come to this temple, Shiva, who is considered the beginning of yoga tradition and Nath Sampradaya, is considered as the first Guru.....According to tradition, the position of planets on this night is such that a powerful natural wave of energy flows in the human system.
It is considered to be physically and spiritually beneficial, so this night awakening has also been advised in which artists from various fields trained in various forms of classical music and dance performing throughout the whole night.