How did Ganga come to on Earth?
Shiva has a close relationship with the Himalayas and the Ganges, and his relationship with the Ganges has greatly enriched popular portraiture.For Hindus, all water, be it ocean or river, lake or rainwater, is a symbol of life and its nature is considered divine.
Prominent in this context are the three sacred rivers - Ganga, Yamuna and the imaginary Saraswati. Of these, the first river is the most important.
Since the Ganges is feminine, she is labeled as a woman with long hair. In the form of a goddess, Ganga washes away the sins of all those who are so lucky that their ashes should flow into its sacred waters.
In a place that addresses the Ganges in the Brahmavaivarta Purana, Shiva himself says- 'During the millions of births on earth, a sinner who gathers mountains of sin is vanished with the mere touch of the Ganges.
Whoever breathes in the humid air from this holy water, it will be sinless . ' It is believed that every person becomes holy with the mere touch of the Ganges's divine body. The most divine stories in the Indian mythology are about the circumstances in which the Ganges descended from heaven and came to earth.
Once upon a time there were some demons who used to harass Brahmin, sages, saints etc. and also used to obstruct their worshipping . When they were chased,then they hid in the sea, but they came again at night and used to harass to peoples.
Once the sages prayed to the sage Agastya to free them from the torture of demonic terror. For his help, Agastya sages drank the sea including the demons.Thus those demons came to an end but the earth became void of water. The humans then prayed to another sage Bhagirath to relieve them from the calamity of drought.
In order to be eligible for such a great boon, Bhagiratha spent a thousand years doing penance and then went to near Brahma and prayed to him that he take down the river Ganges of Swargalok to earth.
Pleased with Bhagiratha's penance, Brahma pledged to try as hard as he could and asked Shiva for help in this matter.He explained that if that great river of Swargalok fell on the earth with all its velocity and the weight of all water, earthquakes would occur and would result in great destruction. Hence, one has to reduce the velocity of his fall by suffering the trauma and no one else can do this work except Shiva.
Bhagirath kept fasting and praying. Shiva pleased when the time comes. He let Ganga fall on her stream to the earth and to ease his shock, he laid his head between the earth and the sky. The water of Swargalok then flowed smoothly through his hair in the Himalayas and reached the Indian plains from there.
Now let's move to the second story, this story is more popular among peopleIn the ancient time, a king named Sagar ruled in Ayodhya. He had one son from one queen and sixty thousand sons from another queen . After some time, there was a desire to perform Ashwamedha - Yagya in the mind of Maharaja Sagara.
King Sagarna started the yagna by entrusting the responsibility of protecting the yagya horse to his grandson Anshuman. But on the festival day, Indra stole the yajna's horse of King Sagara as a demon and left it near the ashram of Lord Kapil Muni.
Sixty thousand sons of King Sagara, locating the horse, reached the ashram of Kapil Muni. The yajna's horse of Maharaja Sagar was also grazing there. The Sagar's sons were extremely angry considering Lord Kapil as a thief.
They ran to kill Kapil Muni, calling him a misdemeanor. Lord Kapil burnt them with a roar.Later, finding his uncles, Prince Anshuman arrived at Kapil Muni's ashram, where Sagar's sixty thousand sons were burned to ashes in Kapil Muni's wrath.
Mahatejsvi Anshuman wished for jalanjali to give them water, but there was no water reservoir anywhere. At the same time, he saw Garuda. He said to Anshuman - "Narashrestha! Your uncles will not be getting salvation by the ordinary jalanjali .
Try to bring the eldest daughter of Himwan Gangaji to on this earth and tarpan own uncles with their holy water. At the same time, Lokpavani will satisfy sixty thousand princes's ash with their water, at that time she will get reach them all to heaven. '
Anshuman returns with a horse. Even after trying hard, he could not bring Ganga ji to the earth. Later Bhagiratha was born in his dynasty. He handed over the burden of the kingdom to his ministers and started doing heavy austerities at Gokarna-tirtha to bring Ganga ji to earth.
After thousands of years of rigorous penance of Bhagiratha, Lokpathama Brahma came there and said - 'Maharaj Bhagirath! I am very happy with your penance. May your wish be fulfilled. I can give you to Ganga ji, but none other than Lord Shankar has the power to hold the eldest daughter of Himwan's Gangaji.
You should do austerity to Lord Rudra to stop this great velocity of the Ganges. ”Brahma ji became disappeared by saying this. After Lord Brahma left, King Bhagiratha continued to perform rigorous austerities of Lord Shankar for a year continuously by standing the thumb on the earth.
Lord Pashupati appeared a year later. He said to Bhagiratha ‘Narashrestha! I am very happy with you. I will definitely do your favorite work. By holding Giriraj Kumari Ganga on my forehead, I will pave the way for the welfare of your ancestors as well as entire beings.After getting the approval of Lord Shankar, the eldest daughter of the Himalayas, Ganga ji fell on the forehead of Lord Shankar from the sky with great force. At that time, Ganga ji had a strong desire in mind to win Lord Shankar.
She is the elder sister-in-law of Lord Shankar in relationship with Lord Shankar being married to Parvati ji. It was she who gave birth to Kartikeya by absorbing the power of Lord Shankar on the prayers of the gods.
Ganga ji thought that with her strong velocity, I will enter the patallok with to Lord Shankar. Sensing this arrogance of Ganga ji, Shiva ji got angry and thought of making Ganga ji invisible.
Anyway, Ganga ji is the symbol of devotion and ego is the biggest hindering element in devotion.Lord Shiva sometimes rages at his devotees to destroy his ego and his anger is also to compensation. When the holy Ganga fell on Lord Rudra's head, she got badly entangled in the trap of his jata.
Even after trying many time , she could not get out. She kept circling in it for many years, getting entangled in the trap. When Bhagiratha saw that the Ganges had become invisible in Lord Shiva's jatamandal, he again started meditating to the pleasure of Bholenath. Satisfied with his tenacity, Lord Shiva took Ganga ji and left it at Bindu Sarovar.
The seven streams of Ganga ji, such as the streams of Hadini, Pavani and Nalini, went towards the east and Suchakshu, Sita and Mahanadi Sindhu - these three streams went towards the west. The seventh stream followed Mahajan Bhagiratha and came to earth. Thus, with the grace of Lord Shankar, Ganga descended on the earth and with the salvation of the ancestors of Bhagiratha, the Ganges reached the world.
In this way, the water of Ganga ji on the forehead of God Sankar from the sky and from there on earth was getting amazing beauty. All the gods were standing in the sky watching this wonderful and exquisite view of Gangavataran. The water of the Ganges used to fall on the land, sometimes rising on the high stones .