Lord Shiva is devoid of form. That is, Shiva is eternal, infinite. They have no desire for anything. He is also compassionate and can show a form of "Rudra "in case of anger. Linga is the image of God's creative power, so it is a representation of Lord Shiva. The relationship of God and Jeevatma(soul of species) can be understood by strength and devotion. Shakti is present in Shiva and devotion resides in the individual soul. It is the combination of Jiva and Shiva through devotion.
Lord Shiva was given the name of Vaidyanath because of his ability to keep the sick, care of helplessness and the elderly healthy, to keep the animals safe and to have knowledge of all kinds of medicines. He became famous by the name of Sadasiva by giving wealth, happiness and good fortune. Lord Shiva is always steadfast and immovable, so he is also known by the name of Sthanu . Since they become happy very soon, they are also called Ashutosh. Being Ambika's husband, she is also known as Ambikeshwar.
One of the other names of Shiva is also Sarvabhuteshu. Sarvabhuteshu means Panch Mahabhut (five elements) (earth, fire, water, air and sky). It is clear that every creature and substance in the world originates from the Panch mahabhut. It is said that they have considerable yoga. With this yoga, they grow and survive. If the elements deteriorates, then all beings and matter in the world can be destroyed. It all depends on the desire of Bhutesha. This is the reason that Shiva is called the Parmatma (Supreme Soul) due to being an omnibus. Shiva's throat became blue due to drink poisoning. With this, he was called Neelkanth.
Shiva also has a name Rudra, which is probably based on the qualities of Pralayaprankari(devastating), Mahakrodhi (excessive anger) or sanharak (destroyer) . During the holocaust the fire that occurs, heavy rain, drought and lightning etc. are all replicas of Rudra.Lord Shiva is called Pashupati because he is the lord of all the living beings because he is also the lord of spirits. He is also the God of the Gods. He is also the god of the gods and the god of the demons.
Therefore, Dashanan (Ravana) worshiped Shiva and sacrificed his ten head and received a boon from Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is also the creator and destroyer. He is also a yogi and a bhogi. He is also a deity and also a dual form of Adradhanarishwara.
His strength and creativity are endless. Shiva, despite being one, has many forms. Some of his famous forms are - Nataraja, Sharabh, Batuk, Kshetrapala, Mrityunjaya, Shivlinga, Trimurti, Harihar, Pashupati and Adradhanarishwar.The origin of human race is also believed to be from Lord Shiva. Hence, to know the nature of Lord Shiva for every human being is necessary.
Lord Shiva is described as pure knowledge in the Aughardani Shiva-Veda and Agamas. Lord Shiva is also the original place of all vidyas. This divine knowledge of him is automatically realized. There is no one like Lord Shiva in knowledge, force, will and action power. He is called Maheshwar due to the main cause of everyone, protector, guardian, preserver and controller. He is eternal because of their no beginning and no end. In spite of Lord Shankar Digvasan giving immense blessings to the devotees, Bhasma-Vibhushan despite being the ruler of infinite virtues , Trilokyadhipati even he being a samsaaswaasi , Adradhanarishwar despite being a Yogiraj, he live with with Parvati ji despite being he is Kamajit and he is cause of all incident despite being causeless.
Being ashutosh and Aughardaani , he quickly gets pleased and forgives the entire faults of his devotees and gives own himself along with religion, artha, kama, moksha, knowledge-science to the world.Harihar Roop- Once all the gods together went to Vishnu to find out the reason for the whole world being disturbed. Lord Vishnu said that only Bholenath can answer this question. Then Vishnu said that all the gods should do penance to please Shiva, as a result, all the gods were freed from sin. Now all the gods started thinking about how this unity occur between Satvaguni Vishnu and Tamoguni Shankar. Vishnu ji knowing the thought of the gods and made them see his Harihar form. The gods worshiped Lord Vishnu and Bholenath Shankar i.e. Hari and Har together in one body.
When there was nothing at the beginning of universe. Then the first Dev Shiva took the Panch Mukha for the creation of Shrishti(universe). Five elements ie water, air, fire, sky, earth originated from the five faces of the Trinatradhari Shiva. Therefore, these five faces of Shri Shiva are considered to be the basis of origin of Panchatatva Srishti. Wishing for the welfare of the world, many incarnations of Lord Sadasiva took place in various kalpas in which his Sadyojat, Vamdev, Tattpurush, Aghor and Ishaan avatar are prominent. These are the five distinct idols of Lord Shiva. And in whose ten hands respectively are trident, tunk (chisel), sword, vajra, agni, nagraj, ghanta, ankush, paas and abhaya mudra.
Mahamrityunjaya- Lord Mrityunjaya is irrigating the head with nectar of water with two urns in his upper two hands. In his two hands, he has taken the garland of Mrigamudra and Rudraksha respectively.He has two nectar-urns in his hands. Two other hands have covered the nectar urn. Thus, with eight hands, situated on Mount Kailash, seated on the lotus flower, Trinetra holding the crown of Balachandra on the forehead, That is Mrityunjay Mahadev.
The word 'Shiva' means 'Kalyan'(welfare). Shiva is the Shankar. 'Shan' also means 'welfare', 'kar 'means the doer, that is, the benefactor. Many names of Lord Shiva are found in the Puranas. The history of Lord Shiva's names is based on his many leelas, actions, form, qualities, dham, vehicle, ordnance etc.Of these, five names are particularly prominent - Ishaan, Aghor, Tattpurush, Vamdev and Sadyojat. Shiva being the lord of the whole world is called 'Ishaan', for purifying those who do blasphemous deeds is called "Aghor". By being able to gain status in their souls he is called ‘Tatpurusha', due to of destroying the baddeeds called ‘Vamdev’ and being has childlike "clean and pure" heart is called 'Sadyojat' .
Moon-Sun-Agni(fire form) as having three eyes, he was called 'Traymbakeshwar'. All beings from Brahma to the real world species are considered animals, hence they are called 'Pashupati' because of protecting them from ignorance. His 'Mahabhishaka' name is very favorite among the worshipers of Shiva. Due to the deity of the gods, they have been continuously worshiped under the name 'Mahadev'. The name ‘Sahastraksha’ is a sign of his sovereignty. God of all knowledge and all elements so therefore, he is called 'Maheshwar'.
Chandrashekhar Shiva is also known as ‘Pustivardhana’. This name signifies affirmation, nurture and their grace power. Lord Shiva tied the Ganges in jatajuta, hence he was called 'Gangadhar'. After catching the Kalkut poison with its yogic power and holding it in the gorge, he is called 'Neelkanth'. At the same time, on the request of the gods for the quenching of that poison, took the moon on its forehead and he called by the name 'Chandrashekhar, Shashishekhar'.
Chandra and Ganga — both fire-brigades on Lord Shiva's forehead — are the cool elements to calm both their third eye fire and the Kalkut poison in the gorge. Kalkut poison in the gorge and wearing the serpants in the throat, their 'imortality' is clear. From Asura, Monster, Yaksha, Bhoot, Phantom, Vampire, Betal, Dakini, Shakini, Snake, wicked - all whom worship, the same Shiva is 'Parmeshwar' (Supreme God).
Various names of Lord Shiva. He is worshiped by many names like 'Nilgrivi', 'Nilshikhandi', 'Kritivasa', 'Giritra', 'Girichar', 'Girishya', 'Kshetrapati' and 'Vanik'. Shiva has also been called ‘Mrityunjaya’, ‘Trinetra’, ‘Panchavaktra’, ‘Khandparashu’, ‘Adinath’, ‘Pinakdhari’, ‘Umapati’, ‘Shambhu’ and ‘Bhutesh’ due to his qualities. They are 'Pramathadhip', 'Shuli', 'Ishwar', 'Shankar', 'Mrid', 'Shrikanth', 'Shitikanth', 'Virupaksha', 'Dhurjati', 'Nillohit', 'Smirhar', 'Vyomkesh', ' The names 'Sthanu', 'Tripurantak', 'Bhavuk', 'Bhavik', 'Bhavya', 'Kushalaksham' etc. are also named.In the Puranas, Lord Shiva is said to be the presiding deity of learning, hence he is also called ‘Vidyatirtha’ and ‘Sarvagya’.
Lord Shiva is worshiped with eighteen names, among which Shiva, Shambhu, Neelkanth, Maheshwar, Natraj, etc. are prominent. Lord Shiva bears the Ganga on his head and the moon is on his forehead. They are considered to have five heads, each of which has three eyes. Lord Shiva is a trishuldhaari with ten arms.Shiva is also called Mrityunjaya. No one can win by death. But since Shiva is indestructible and immortal, he is also called Mrityunjaya. He is also worshiped in Trinetra form. It is said that once Lord Shiva's both eyes were closed by Parvati ji, darkness enveloped the whole world. When everyone got distraught, a third eye was born on Shivaji's forehead. With this, all the darkness was dispelled. Lord Shiva is also worshiped as Shitikanth. One whose throat is blue is called Shithikanth. Khandparasu is also a name for Lord Shiva. It is said that at the time when Lord Shiva threw Trishul to destroy the Daksha Yajna, trishul was hurting Narayan ji when he was penance at in Badarikashram. Then Nar abhimantrit a straw and threw it at Shiva. That was in the shape of Parshu. Shivji cut it to pieces, so he got this name.
Apart from this, Shiva is also worshiped under the names Pramathadhiva, Gangadhar, Maheshwar, Rudra, Vishnu, Pitamah, Sansar Vaidya, Sarvagya, Paramatma and Kapali. Lord Shiva is known by the name 'Pitamah' as the father of the Gods and Shiva is also worship by Brahma ji.
Those who do not know all the three worlds and all the things of the three periods are known to them as eternal, from which they are called Sarvgya(omniscient) .
Ghosts and demons are found all around Baba. He is called the 'Lord of Ghosts'. Ghosts also indicate inauspiciousness and fear, but it is the power of Lord Shiva that he takes the fallen from the fallen to his refuge. Shiva teaches the Advaita of Vedanta. Shiva is the one who renounces the difference between good and bad can know Advaita. The form of Shiva is the root of Vedanta. Can we not adopt this quality of Shiva in ourselves? Can we not rise above distinction? By coming to Shiva's shelter, knowing his nature can also become your natural quality.
This is the quality of Lord Shiva, the biggest symbol of service and ownself taking suffering of others. He is called 'Neelkanth' only for taking poison in his throat in the interest of others. Except the stories of legend, consider this form of Mahadev. This form of renunciation is not seen in any period. This is the reason that Shiva is also the god of gods. This is the reason why he is also the most powerful. This quality of Shiva teaches us that the one who bears the suffering of others is powerful, the welfare of those who achieve selfishness is not possible. Every human can bear this quality of Shiva.
Kal(time) means time gives us experiences of life. We cherish our memories with this time. We live with past experiences and desires for the future. One only can conquer Kaal who is currently alive. One who is presently awake in this dormant world, he is above time. Lord Shankar is called Mahakal, because he is a perfect yogi and fully awakened. Mahakaal is beyond of time. The bondage of Kaal is the same one who is entangled in the existence of Kaal. This form of Mahakal gives us the power to get beyond the time i.e. to rise above the thinking of the past and future. We can all absorb these qualities.
One who does not distinguish, one who does not contemplate time, one who is always compassionate with the sadist will be Bhola (innocent).This world calls such a form as Bhola (innocent).
Mahadev - Mahadev means great divine power.
Bholenath - Bholenath means gentle heart, pioneer in compassionate and easy forgiveness. It is believed that Lord Shankar on easily happy to anyone.
Lingam - a symbol of the entire universe.
Nataraja - Nataraja is considered the god of dance because Lord Shiva is the lover of Tandava dance. The word "Shiva" means "auspicious, self-respecting, indulgent, gentle, kind, generous, friendly". The root of "Shiva" in folk etymology is "shi" which means all things are pervasive and "va" means "incarnation of grace". In the Rigveda the word Shiva is used as an adjective, as an adjective for many Rigvedic deities including Rudra. The word Shiva has also given the meaning of "liberation, ultimate liberation" and "auspicious person". This adjective has been used to address many deities, especially in the Vedic layers of literature. The word evolved from the Vedic Rudra-Shiva in epics and Puranas as the name Shiva, as an auspicious deity, who is "the creator, preserver and destroyer". Mahakaal the god of time, this is the form of Lord Shiva who governs the dimension of time of the universe.
Sri Shiva is called 'Paramatma' by being combined with the above mentioned qualities and being the soul of all beings.Kapali
Lord Shiva is called 'Kapali' by cutting Brahma's forehead and holding his skull in hand for several days.
Apart from these, there are twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva which are specially worshiped in whole India. These include Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakal or Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar and Amaleshwar, Kedarnath, Bhimshankar, Vishwanath, Trimbakeshwar, Vaidyanath Dham, Nagesh, Rameswaram and Ghushmeshwar etc.
In the Puranas, Lord Shiva is said to be the presiding deity of learning, hence he is also called ‘Vidyatirtha’ and ‘Sarvgya’.
Shiva Darshana: Ashtamurti
A description of the formless and great form of Shiva is found in the Shivpurana. One of the names of Shiva is Ashtamurti. The names of these Ashtamurtis are as follows - Sharva, Bhava, Rudra, Ugra, Bhima, Pashupati, Mahadev and Ishaan. These Ashtamurtis establish the earth, water, fire, air, sky, field, sun and moon respectively. This gives a sense of all expansiveness.
Inspired by devotion, the devotees have given many names to Shiva. Some devotees have considered Shiva as 'Ardhanarishwara', while some have called him 'Madanajit'. Someone called Shiva as 'Bhasmdhari'.
Shiva, like the parents at the time of the Holocaust, puts everyone to sleep, ends everyone's sorrows, so they are called 'har' and implant them all in their form at the time of the Holocaust he provide the ultimate peace, hence 'Sadasiva'. All sattva guna are manifest from them, so they are clean 'kapoor-gaur'.
During the Holocaust, there is no one other than them, the universe becomes cremated, at that time only "ashes and bones" are left. There only Shiva live on that time in the same way, hence he is 'Chita-Bhasmalapi' and 'Rund-Munddhari'. He knows the past, the future and the present -so this he is called by 'Trinayan'. Vrisha means religion; Shiva is known to ride on the ox, that is, he resides in the heart of the Gods, he is righteous, from which he is called 'Vrisavahana'.