Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Dashavatar



Dashavatar





According to the beliefs of Hindu religious texts, God himself appears as an avatar in the world to eliminate the growing sins on the earth. Till now these incarnations of Lord Vishnu are known…


Avataars has great importance in Hinduism. Although many gods took avataar, but the importance of Avataars of Lord Vishnu is considered to be the highest. Lord Shiva also has many avataar, but for him Jyotirlingas are given priority over the avataar.


Of the ten avataars of Lord Vishnu, the first four i.e. Matsya, Kurma, Varaha and Narsingh (inhuman) in Satyuga, the next three i.e. Vamana, Parashurama and Shriram (human) in Tretayuga, Sri Krishna is in Dwapara. The incarnation of Buddha and Kalki is believe to be in Kali Yuga.  .

There is also a dissidence here. Vaishnava society considers Buddha as the ninth avatar of Vishnu, but many texts consider Balarama as the eighth of Vishnu and Krishna as the ninth avatar of Vishnu. According to this fact, the incarnation of Balarama and Krishna is considered in Dwapara.



[Matsya Avatar (Satyuga)] 


 In the avatar of Matsya (fish), Lord Vishnu asked a sage to collect all kinds of living being and when the earth was sinking in water, then in the Matsya avatar, God save those sage's boat was protected. In the Puranas and Manusmriti instead of the sage the description of  son of Bramha Manu name has come . After this, Brahma created life again. According to another belief, when a demon stole the Vedas and hid them in the ocean, then Lord Vishnu took the form of Matsya and received the Vedas and restored them.


[Kurma Avatar (Satyuga)] 


 In the avatar of Kurm(turtle) Lord Vishnu held the Mandar mountain on his backside at the time of the Samudramanthan of Kshirsagar. When the sea churning began, the Mandar Mountains started sinking into the sea.
To maintain the mountain , Lord Vishnu took Kachhap avataar and became the foundation of Mandar. In this way with the help of Lord Vishnu, Mandar mountain and the serpent named Vasuki, "Devas and Asuras got fourteen gems by churning the sea" .
The friction of the churning of the sea caused blisters on the back of the God of Kachchap, which is also seen as the backside of a turtle. At this time Lord Vishnu also took the form of Mohini but it is not counted in Dasavatara.


[Varahavatar (Satyuga)] 


In the avataar of Varaha (Boar) Lord Vishnu going to the ocean to protected the land goddess(earth) , who she had reached the bottom of the ocean.  According to a belief, in this form God also killed a demon named Hiranyaksha.
Diti's womb gave birth to two sons, those named was given by Prajapati Kashyap and these names was Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha. At the time of the birth of these twin many types of terrible conflicts took place in the three worlds.

Hiranyakashipu penanced and pleased Brahma. He took a boon from Brahma ji that his death should be neither in the day nor at night, neither inside the house nor outside. In this way he started ruling as all in all by conquering the three worlds.
His younger brother Hiranyaksha obeyed his orders and started destroying the enemies. One day while wandering, he reached Varun's residence.

Upon reaching Patal lok , Hiranyaksha pleaded for war with Varun Dev and said, "O Varun Dev! You have conquered all the demons and monsters of the world. I ask you to beg for war. You fighting with me and give proof of your war skills.

On hearing that monster, Varun Dev got very angry , but looking at the time, he laughed and said, "Oh brother! Now there is no desire to fight, and now I am not able to fight a strong brave like you .

You should go to Yajnapurusha Narayan. They are the only ones capable of fighting you. Hearing the talk of Varun Dev, that monster went to Devarshi Narada and asked for Narayana's address. Devarshi Narada told him that Narayan has taken the form of Varaha at this time to take the earth out of the ocean.

On this Hiranyaksha reached the abyss. There he saw Lord Varah on his molar bringing the earth. The Mahabali (ergastic) monster said to the Varaha lord, "Hey wild animal! Where have you came from in the water?" Hearing these words of Hiranyaksha, Varaha God got very angry but He did not think it appropriate to leave the earth and fight there and he tolerated his bitter words and soon came out of the water like Gajraj(Elephant) .

By placing the earth in the proper place on the water and providing its proper foundation, Lord Varah turned to the monster. There was a fierce battle between Lord Varaha and Hiranyaksha and in the end Hiranyaksha was killed at the hands of Lord Varaha.


[Narasimhavatara (Satyuga)] 


 Lord Vishnu in the form of Narasingha had protected his devotee Prahlada and killed Prahlada's father Hiranyakashipu. By this avataar, we get the knowledge of the attainment of God.

Hiranyakashipu did hard penance to become immortal. Pleased with his penance Brahma Ji asked him to ask for a boon. Hiranyakashipu said, "Lord, give me this boon that I cannot die from any creature that you have created , that is, man, animal, bird, demons, monsters, snake, eunuch, etc. Neither I can die inside the house nor outside. Neither I can die in the day nor at night. Neither in the earth nor in the sky
"Brahma ji went to his residence by saying tathastu".

"After receiving the boon, Hiranyakashipu thought of revenging the death of his brother Hiranyaksha and conquered all the three worlds - gods, asuras, nagas, gandharvas, humans, yakshas, ​​demons etc.
He defeated Indra and started living in heaven.
As a monarch of Amravati, he began to act
independently. The gods worshiped his feet. He used to stay carefree in the ebrious liqueur.  Hiranyakashipu had four sons. Prahlad was the youngest among them.

Prahlada had indulged in Bhagavadhakti as a child.  He had unwavering love at the feet of Lord Vishnu.  But due to hating Vishnu, Hiranyakashipu used to ready to punish his son as a criminal.  He called the demons and said that you guys kill it soon.

He worships Vishnu. After hearing the orders of his king, the demons took the trident and started kill to Prahlad. But Prahlada's heart was set upon in the supreme power of mind, speech and action.

Therefore all the impingement of those demons were redundant . Seeing this, Hiranyakashipu was very worried. He was  crush Prahlada under by drunken elephants. Gave poisoned by snakes. Dropped down from the mountain. Poison was given. Pressed into the ice .

He was throw into the fire.  But even the hair of Bhagwat Parayan devotee Prahlada was not burned. Prahlad became fearless and started teaching devotion of Lord Vishnu to the demons children.
Hiranyakashipu was very angry with this act and said to , "Oh lowly! You are only deteriorating yourself and want to spoil all the children of our clan as well. Oh fool! On whose strength do you fearlessly violate my orders.

"Prahlada said," O father!  I only trust the power of the Supreme God.  He is omniscient.  He is everywhere.  You too should leave your devilish feelings and go to the shelter of the these God.

"Hiranyakashipu, hearing such words of Prahlada, said," Oh fool! Now death is playing on your head. If your Jagdishwar is everywhere, then why don't you see it in this pillar? Saying this, he punched the pillar very hardly .

At that moment, one of the pillars made a terrible noise. As if the universe itself was torn. After tearing down that pillar, a strange form of God appeared.That form was neither of the whole man nor of the full lion, to make Brahma's word true, God was take Narsingh avatar.

Lord Narsingh took Hiranyakashpu to the door and placed it on his thighs and said, "Hey Asur! See, I am not a human being nor an animal. Neither are you outside the house nor inside. Neither are you on earth nor in sky.The sunset is over, but the night has not begun, so there is neither night nor day. "  Saying so, Bhagwane Narsingh torn Hiranyakashipu's body with his fingernails and killed him.


[Vamana Avatar (Tretayuga)] 


 In this Vishnu appeared as Vamana (dwarf). In order to protect the gods from Asuraraj Bali, the grandson of the devotee Prahlada, he took the Vaman avatar.

Lord Vishnu asked for three step of land in charity from Danveer Bali. When Bali was taking water out from the kamandal for Achman before the promise  , his guru Shukracharya took a subtle form and blocked the path for stop him.

On this Vamana said to Bali to clear the path of the kamandal by giving him a straw .  Shukracharya's eye damaged when Bali was clearing the path of kamandal, and in this reason Shukracharya got angry, then he cursed Bali to be deprived of all his possessions.

After that, when Bali said yes, he measured the earth with one step and the sky with the second step. When there was no place left to keep the third step, Bali offered his head on which Lord Vamana placed his third step.

Pleased with the sacrifice of Bali, Vamana Deva declared him the permanent Emperor of Patal lok. Even today when name comes to donor, the name of Bali and Karna comes on top.



[Parashurama Avatar (Tretayuga)] 


Vishvavandya Mahabahu Parashuramaji was born to Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya from the womb of  sage Jamdagni's wife Renuka as a boon to Devraj Indra, who was pleased with the putresthi-yagya performed by Bhrigushrestha Maharishi Jamadagni.

He was the avataar of Lord Vishnu's fury . Ram under the naming-rites performed by Pitamah Bhrigu, but being the son of Jamadagni was called 'Jamdagnya'. ' Parashurama' was called because of the holding of the parsu(poleaxe) given by Shiva.

With the initial education received in the ashram of Maharishi Vishwamitra and Ritchik,  he got a divine Vaishnav bow named Sarang from Maharishi Richik and duly indestructible Vaishnava mantra from Brahmarshi Kashyapji.

Subsequently, after learning in the ashram of Lord Shankar at Kailash Girishringa, he received the specific Divyastra Vidyudabhi from Shiva. He also received Shri Krishna's Tralokvijay Kavach, Stavraj Stotra and Kalpataru mantra by the Lord Shiva.

Pleased with the difficult austerity done in Chakratirtha, Lord Vishnu gave him the blessing of staying life long on the earth for an end of Kalpa period after Tejoharan (After loosing austerities) when being Ramavatar in Treta. He was a great master of armamentology(war skills). He gave armaments & weapon science education to Bhishma, Drona and Karna.

Parashurama slayed the sinner king named Sahastrajun, and established peace by killing evil kings 21 times the whole earth.  After Ramavatar, he retired from this and made his residence on Mahendra mountain.


[Ram Avatar (tretayuga)] 


 Shriram was the eldest son of Ayodhya's King Dasharatha and Queen Kaushalya . His wife's name was Sita and he had three brothers - Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna.

Hanuman is considered to be the biggest devotee of Lord Rama. Rama killed Ravana, the king of the demon caste. Rama, who followed the path of religion, received education from Guru Vasistha along with his three brothers.

In teenage, he went to forest with Vishwamitra and Lakshmana  to end the rampage caused by the demons. Rama was accompanied by his younger brother Lakshmana in this task. Rama then killed a female demon named Tadka, her son Shubahu and forced Marich to flee.

During this time Vishwamitra took him to Mithila. Videha Raja Janak of there organized a ceremony for the marriage of his daughter.

There was a bow of Lord Shiva on which Sita was to be married to the hero who  can lift the bow and tie its cord end . No any king got successed tied the bow, it was other thing even they were not lifted the bow. Then Rama not only lifted the bow after getting Vishwamitra's orders, but in while trying to tie the bow, the great bow was broken making a loud sound.

When Maharishi Parashurama heard the loud sound, he came and  started expressing anger when after seeing status of own Guru's (Shiva) bow. But knowing the reality of Shri Ram, he returned to Mahendra mountain from there.

On the other hand, Maharaj Dasaratha thought of handing over the kingdom to Rama. Kaikeyi wanted his son Bharata to be king, so she got Rama to exile for 14 years.

Rama obeyed his father's orders. Ram's wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana also went to exile. At the time of exile, Ravana kidnapped Sita. Shriram along with his brother Lakshmana killed Ravana with the help of Hanuman and Sugriva and got Goddess Sita freed.

[Balarama Avatar (Dwaparyuga)] 


There is a difference of opinion on Buddha being considered an avatar of Vishnu. In many places Balarama is considered the eighth avatar of Vishnu. However, he is undeniably considered the second (after Lakshmana) avatar of Sheshnag.

He was the elder brother of Shri Krishna who was in the womb as Devaki's seventh child.To protect against Kansa, Yogamaya transferred Devaki's womb into  Vasudeva's second wife Rohini womb. For this reason, Balaram also known as name Sankarshan and due to his matchless force, he became known as Balaram.

Balarama was always with Sri Krishna and played an important role in the transition of the era. These were the best Gadadhars and wrestler of the world who were invincible as well as the gurus of warriors like Bhima and Duryodhana.

There was a difference of opinion between him and Krishna regarding the Mahabharata. They said that this type of war should not take place between the brothers and that is why they refused to fight the war from any side and remained neutral.


[Krishnavatar (Dwaparyuga)] 


Lord Vishnu was born as Sri Krishna in the house of Devaki and Vasudeva. He was raised by Yashoda and Nanda.

 Although Lord Vishnu took many avatar , but his most important avatar was that of Shri Krishna.
He incarnated as the Krishna in the twenty-eightth Dwapara of the Vaivasvata Manvantara from the womb of Devaki in the jail of Mathura. Sri Krishna had incarnated to establish Dharma.

In all the incarnations, Shri Krishna was the one who appeared on this earth with sixteen arts. Whatever work he did, he considered it own important karma .

For the accomplishment of his work, he used the sam-daam-dand-bheda all because the only purpose of his incarnation was to free the earth from sinners.

He did whatever he thought fit to accomplish his purpose. He considered karma paramount, giving knowledge of karma to Arjuna in the battlefield of Kurukshetra, he composed the Gita, which is considered to be the most important book in religion in Kaliyuga.


[Buddha Avatar (Kali Yuga)] 


 In many places Balarama is considered an incarnation of Vishnu in place of Buddha. Vishnu appeared in the form of Buddha to prepare the Asuras for the education of Vedas.

Gautama Buddha was the originator of Buddhism. He was born as Prince Siddhartha in 563 BC and died in 483 BC. He is considered one of the greatest men of this world. Hinduism later considered Buddha an incarnation of Vishnu.
But it has been introduced in a way that most Buddhists consider unacceptable and extremely unpleasant.

It has been said in some Puranas that Lord Vishnu had taken the Buddha avatar so that he could spread "false teachings" and remove "asuras" from the true Vedic religion, so that the gods could conquer them. Buddhists do not consider Gautama Buddha to be an avatar or deity, but believe his teachings to be true.


[Kalki Avatar (Kali Yuga)] 


In this, Vishnu will come to the end of Kali Yuga in future. Kalki is considered to be the future avatar of Vishnu, when sin will cross the limits in Kali Yuga and Kalki avatar will appear for the destruction of the wicked in the world, which will be for the end of Kaliyuga.

When people stop following religion in Kali Yuga, then it will be avatar. The story of Kalki comes in the Kalki Purana, which describes the dialogues of Markandeya and Shukra Dev.

According to this, Kali Yuga has started, due to which the earth goes in front of Lord Vishnu along with the Gods and tells them about the his avatar . Kalki Bhagwan is born in Sambhal village as part of Lord Vishnu.

Lord Kalki goes to Sinhala Island for the purpose of marriage. There, during Jalakrida(water sports) , he is introduce to Princess Padyavati and then later married to her. By the Sri Vishwakarma was created  his supernatural and divine city.

In Haridwar, Kalki met the sages and described the character of Suryavansh and Lord Rama. This Purana, with five characteristics, is a delightful to the world, which has a beautiful and effective depiction of the most amazing activities of Lord Kalki, which is the true Vishnu form.



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