Friday, October 30, 2020

Lord Ayyappa is unique son of the father Lord Shiva and mother Lord Vishnu.


Lord Ayyappa is unique son of the father Lord Shiva and mother Lord Vishnu.



Our tradition is story-oriented.  Many stories for the same event will be found in the Puranas.  Then there is a difference in the stories in the north-south as well.  We north Indians do not know much about Lord Ayyappa of Sabarimala.  According to the legend Lord Ayyappa is believed to be son of father Lord Shiva and mother Lord Vishnu.

If we look at the mythology of Lord Shiva and Vishnu, both the gods created many leelas for human welfare.  Lord Vishnu, along with his twenty four avatars, has presented many example for the betterment of human beings.  Lord Shiva, with his meditation, anger and sacrifice, has given us a message to do Satkarma(good deeds) in every form.

But now let's consider who are the children of Shiva and Vishnu?  There are many avatars of Lord Vishnu and he was accompanied by many families and children.  Mahadev  is considered to be the only one family, in which he has two children as Ganesh and Karthikeya.  But this is not the whole truth.  There is also the third child of Shiva, it is worshiped as Lord Ayyappa.

The mystery lies in that Lord Vishnu gave birth to the third child of Shiva.

That is, the child of two men!

 So let's know this secret related to the birth of Lord Ayyappa!

Lord Vishnu took Mohini avatar for distribute necter in gods.

In Kalyug it is common for two men to have a relationship.  With the help of science, men have started giving birth to children, but in mythological history, it is surprising to have children of two male deities.  Before you reach a decision and make any unwanted perception, first understand this mystery!

If you have read or heard the mythology, then you will definitely remember about the Samudramanthana( sea churning) between the gods and the asuras.  In the Samudra Manthan, one name is mentioned repeatedly, which has been called Mohini.  In fact, when Amrit(necter) came out of the sea during the churning of the sea, a dispute arose between the gods and the demons about its sharing.

Then Lord Vishnu took the form of Mohini avatar and took the urn of nectar.

 Mohini was so beautiful that the focus of the demons was more on the appearance of beauty of Mohini than a pot of nectar.  During this time, deceit happened and Mohini gave to the gods to drink nectar while the demons  getting only simple water.

 But Mohini's character is not limited only to the story of Samudramanthan but there is another story ahead of it.

Mahishasura's sister Mahishi received a boon from Lord Brahma.


Actually, a demon named Mahishasura was inhabiting the earth.  Who had crossed all the limits of his ego and tyranny.  Troubled by the atrocities of Mahishasura, the gods prayed to Mother Durga for help.  After this, Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura.

 But violence and arrogance did not end with Mahishasura.

Mahishasura's sister Mahishi was deeply saddened by her brother's death.  She was angry with the gods and that is why she started doing intense penance to make herself powerful.  She worshiped Lord Brahma.  Lord Brahma was pleased with this worship done continuously for many years.  Then Mahishi asked to a boon from Lord Brahma for herself immortality.

Lord Brahma said that it is against the laws of creation.  The one who is born is sure to die.  She can decide the condition of her death, but cannot postpone it.  Mahishi found the middle way.

 She asked for a boon that I want my slaughter to be done by the son of Shiva and Vishnu.

Lord Brahma accepted her request and gave him a boon.  Mahishi felt that this is never possible.  Since the union of two gods and then children cannot be born.  Due to this arrogance, she created chaos from the earth to the heavens.  Once again, the gods were trap in trouble.

Mohini gave birth to Shiva's son.

This time again all the gods reached the shelter of Lord Shiva.  They said that there is no solution in the boon that Lord Brahma has given to Mahishi.  The offspring cannot be born with the union of two men.  This is why none of us can kill him.  In a way, she has become immortal.

 After this, the gods reached Lord Vishnu and requested him to solve this problem.  Although they were realizing that there could be no solution of this boon.

 But something else was written in future. 

Lord Vishnu sent his avatar Mohini to Kailash.  Lord Shiva recognized him after seeing Mohini.  Mohini proposed love to Shiva.  Since Shiva was a yogi and Kama lust never got involved in his weaknesses, he declined her offer to meet Mohini.  But Lord Shiva kept the honor of Mohini's love.

Shiva gave his semen to Mohini, which is called Parda(mercury).  Shiva and Mohini got together without making a relationship like this.  Since Mohini was an incarnation of Vishnu, it is also called the union of Shiva and Vishnu. Due the influence of Parda ,Mohini had pregnant and she gave birth to a son.

In the Puranas, this son was known as 'Harihar' or 'Manikanta'.  Lord Ayyappa, who is worshiped in South India,he is the 'Harihar'.  Ayyappa is the child of Shiva and Vishnu, so he possessed the powers of both the gods.  Later, he killed Mahishi and freed the gods from her atrocities.

Lord Ayyappa is also known by the name 'Hariharan'. Hari means Lord Vishnu and Harn means Shiva. The sons of Hari and Harn i.e. Hariharan. They are also called Manikandan.  Here Mani(gem) means gold bell and Kandan means neck. That is, the God who holds the gem in the neck.  He is called by this name because his parents Shiva and Mohini tied a gold bell around his neck.

According to the mythology, after the birth of  Ayyappa, Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu who became Mohini , they tied a golden necklace around his neck and placed him on the banks of the Pampa River.  Then Rajasekhara, the king of Pandalam, adopted Ayyappa and raised him like a son.  King Rajasekhar was childless.  Presently, Pandalam is a city in the state of Kerala.

Shortly after Ayyappa started living in the king's palace, the queen also gave birth to a son.  The queen's behavior changed for adopted son Ayyappa after having a son.  Raja Rajasekhar understood his queen's mistreatment against Ayyappa.  For this he apologized to Ayyappa.

The queen feared that the king loved his adopted son very much, it may possible that he give his throne to him.  In such a situation, the queen pretended to be sick and sent information to Ayyappa that she could be cured by drinking the tigress's milk.  Her plan was to get Ayyappa killed by a demonic Mahishi living in the forest.  Ayyappa went to the forest to take the tigress's milk for his mother.  When the Mahishi tried to kill him but there Ayyappa killed Mahishi and bring the tigress's milk,  but he also  brought the tigress for the mother while riding the tigress.

When Ayyappa came out of the forest riding the tigress, all the people of the state were surprised to see him alive and riding the tigress.  All cheered Ayyappa.  Then the king understood that his son is not an ordinary man.  At this he apologizes to Ayyappa for the queen's bad behavior.  Seeing his father upset, Ayyappa decided to leave the kingdom and went to heaven, asking the father to build a temple in Sabari (hills).  His purpose behind building the temple was to leave own memories on earth at the father's request.

According to the wishes of the son, Raja Rajasekhar built the temple in Sabari.  After the construction of the temple, Lord Parashuram built the idol of Ayyappa and installed it in the temple on the holy festival of Makar Sankranti.  In this way the temple of Lord Ayyappa was built and since then this form of God is being worshiped and the temple is the center of the faith of the devotees.

Near the temple, a flame appears in the dark night of Makar Sankranti.  Crores of devotees from all over the world come every year to see this flame.  It is said that whenever this flame is seen, noise is heard along with it.  Devotees believe that this is a divine flame and God ignite it himself.  It has been named Makar Jyoti.

This legend is quite popular in South India, while there is no mention of Lord Ayyappa in North and East India.  There is a Sabarimala temple in the state of Kerala in South India.  It is believed that Ayyappa resides here.  Apart from this, temples of Lord Ayyappa are found in almost every street in the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka.

Since the birth of Lord Ayyappa, it is clear that in Hindu mythology, the story of meeting of two gods is described.

 So don't be surprised the next time you hear the name of Lord Ayyappa from the mouth of a South Indian!

Wednesday, October 28, 2020

Why do Lakshmi and Ganesha worship together on the occasion of Diwali ??

Why do Lakshmi and Ganesha worship together on the occasion of Diwali ??

Diwali is celebrated as an auspicious occasion for Lord Rama to return to Ayodhya, although Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are welcomed in every house on this auspicious day.  Worshiping the forms of Goddess Mahalakshmi is the most important part of Diwali. It is said that on the night of Diwali, Goddess Lakshmi goes to each house and blesses everyone with great wealth.  The festival of Diwali is mainly the festival of the goddess of wealth Lakshmi, and the worship of Lord Ganesha, a symbol of auspiciousness. It is well known that Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, fortune, luxury and prosperity (both material and spiritual), while Lord Ganesha is known as the destroyer of obstacles, the protector of intelligence, art and science . We all have seen that it is always a tradition to worship Lord Ganesha with Lakshmi. Both are always worshiped simultaneously.  In such a situation, many people are eager to know why this is so?  What is the reason for worshiping Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha together?  Today we are making this revelation in this article.  Let's know why this happens-
Since no celebration is considered complete without invoking Lord Ganesha, it is no exception.  Ganesha is considered the deterrent of all obstacles.  Therefore, he is worshiped first to get rid of all the obstacles that hinder our development.  Along with this, the forms of Goddess Mahalakshmi are worshiped. It is said that on the night of Diwali, Goddess Lakshmi goes to each house and blesses everyone with wealth.  But the question is why Lakshmi and Ganesh are worshiped together.  There is an interesting story behind worshiping Lakshmi and Ganesh together on Diwali.
According to the religious scriptures, Goddess Lakshmi once fall in arrogance about her wealth and powers.  While in conversation with her husband, Lord Vishnu, she continued to praise herself, claiming that she is the only who one worthy of worship.  Because she bless all the worshipers with wealth and property. Thus on hearing non-stop self praise, Lord Vishnu decided to overcome her ego.  Very calmly, Lord Vishnu said that despite having all the qualities, a woman remains incomplete if she is not the mother of children.
Motherhood is the ultimate bliss a woman can experience and since Lakshmi ji did not have children, she cannot be considered complete.  Goddess Lakshmi was very disappointed to hear this . With a sadly heart, Goddess Lakshmi went to Goddess Parvati to ask for help. Since Parvati had two sons, she requested the goddess to allow her to adopt one of own sons to experience the joy of motherhood.  Parvati ji was not ready to give her son to Lakshmi . Although she was known that Lakshmi ji does not stay in one place for long time.  Therefore, she will not be able to take care of her son. But Lakshmi assures her that she will take care of her son in every possible way and that she will be blessed with all happiness.  Realizing Lakshmi's pain, Goddess Parvati let her adopt Ganesh as own son. Goddess Lakshmi became very happy and said that whoever worships Ganesha with me, I will give them all my siddhi and prosperity.  Therefore, since then those who worship Lakshmi for wealth should first worship Ganesh.  Those who worship Lakshmi without Ganesha do not receive the grace of Goddess in full, it is believed. Hence, Ganesha as well as Lakshmi are also worshiped on Diwali.  Also, it is also believed that getting wealth without intelligence will only lead to misuse of wealth.  Therefore, one must first acquire intelligence to spend money properly. In order to gain wisdom, Lord Ganesha is worshiped and prayed for good wisdom and after this, Shri Lakshmi ji should be worshiped in scriptural manner.

Another relevant question - why Lakshmi and Ganesh are worshiped, not Lord Rama?

Since time immemorial, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshiped on Diwali.  However, many devotees still have a relevant question in their mind and that is - why Lakshmi and Ganesh are worshiped on Diwali, not Lord Rama. This seems an obvious question as Diwali reminds Lord Rama returning to his kingdom Ayodhaya with mother Sita and brother Lakshmana  after own 14 year of exile.  During his exile, Lord Rama conquered the ten-headed demon Ravana. To explain this question, we have to refer to Hindu mythology.  According to popular belief, when Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after his exile, he first worshiped Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi.  Since then the tradition of worshiping Lakshmi and Ganesh started on Diwali. It evolved into a "Diwali Puja" to worship Lakshmi and Ganesh on the night of Diwali. If you look closely, you too will appreciate the concept of Lakshmi and Ganesh worship on Diwali.  Lord Rama himself was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu - the protector of the universe. His worship Lakshmi and Ganesha remind us that we should always remember God first on this earth.  Being the king of Ayodhya, he worshiped Lakshmi and Ganesh to pray for the goodness, happiness and prosperity of the masses. He believed that due to their blessings there would be all-round happiness in his kingdom.  People will be healthy, intelligent and wealthy and will move on the path of truth and righteousness.  As Lord Rama represents "Ram Rajya", he gives the message to follow his ideals and follow his tradition.

That is why by worshiping Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi, we not only worship Lakshmi and Ganesh, but pay our true tribute to the King of Kings - Lord Rama.

By worshiping Lakshmi and Ganesha, we invoke wisdom, intelligence, health, wealth and prosperity in our lives.  Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of all wealth and prosperity.  Whereas Lord Ganesha is considered as the god of learning, intelligence and success and prosperity. He remind us that money is useful and blessing is only when someone has the wisdom and knowledge to use it.  It also reminds us that wealth is only a means of acquiring material things in this world. Ultimately spiritual wealth is needed to attain eternal happiness.  So, we should worship Lakshmi and Ganesh religiously on the night of Diwali and welcome their blessings in our lives.  We sincerely hope that our explanation will clear any confusion in your mind as to Diwali Puja,  and why Lakshmi and Ganesh are worshiped on Diwali and not Lord Rama.

Additionally we have seen that Lakshmi, Saraswati and Ganesh are depicted together.  People are also eager to know about the relationship in them.


When there is no Saraswati (knowledge, skill), Lakshmi (wealth, prosperity) also departs .  When Lakshmi is not there, the person starts working on skill and knowledge improvement to attract contemplation and Lakshmi. We have called this a deviation in our lives.  Even in this case, we should not be interrupted, because one goddess then comes another, and both are important in our lives.  In both cases, whether you have an abundance of Lakshmi or Saraswati, you can be arrogant if you lack knowledge and wisdom (Ganesha).
These go on in our lives, if we are not able to manage both Lakshmi and Saraswati to experience ecstasy and eternal happiness and achievement.  To keep the two together, intelligence and knowledge are required. Lord Ganesha is the god of wisdom and intelligence .  With the presence of knowledge and intelligence, we pay equal respect to both Lakshmi and Saraswati.  Both Lakshmi and Saraswati are associated with knowledge and intelligence, and therefore they never go into the presence of knowledge and intelligence.  The message conveyed to the people through illustration, to maintain Lakshmi and Saraswati, requires knowledge and wisdom (Ganesha).


Tuesday, October 27, 2020

What is reason behind to perform to worship of Govardhana mountain .


What is reason behind to perform to worship of Govardhana mountain .

Why Shree Krishna lift Govardhana mountain on little finger.


In Hinduism, Govardhan Puja is performed on the second day of Deepawali.  Human's direct connection with nature is seen in this festival.
Nature is the basis of life.  Tree-plants and animals and birds together help us to move forward.  In Hinduism, many trees and animals have been given the status of God to show the importance of nature.


Through Hindu religious texts, we knows about the importance of Govardhan Puja.  Gau (cow) Mata is worshiped on this day.  Govardhan Parvat is a small hill, located in Braj.  In the Puranas, Govardhan is described as the king of the mountains and the beloved of Lord Hari.  It is seen as the best pilgrimage site of the earth and heaven.

The tradition of Govardhan Puja was started by Shri Krishna during the Mahabharata period.  Govardhan Puja is performed on the day of Kartik Shukla Paksha Pratipada.  There is a story associated with Govardhan Puja which is as follows: -
Once Indra Dev became very proud of his powers.  Therefore, Shri Krishna thought of destroying the arrogance of Indra Dev.  To accomplish this task, he created a leela.
The mother of Shri Krishna and all Braj's people  were preparing to worship Indra Dev.  Krishna ji asked his mother very innocently, Maiya, whose worship are you all preparing for?  Then Mata told that they are all preparing to worship Indra Dev.
Krishna ji asked his mother the reason for worshiping Indra Dev.  Then Maiya told that Indra is gods of rains and from that we get grain and our cows get grass .  Hearing this, Krishna ji immediately said, "My mother, if cow grazes on Mount Govardhan, so it should be revered for us."
Krishna ji told the villagers that for our climate, we should greet Govardhan Parvat and not  to Indra Dev. Lord Krishna argued to the people of Gokul that we do not get any benefit from Indra.  Rain is his job and he only does his work, while Govardhan Parvat promotes and protects cow-wealth, which also purifies the environment. So we Govardhan should be worshiped not Indra.
There is such an interpretation in the scriptures that every year the people of Vrindavan used to offer a lot of offerings to please Lord Indra.  So that Lord Indra will be happy and keep his grace on the farmers and keep raining according to the crops from time to time.  Shree Krishna realized that in doing so, the burden on the farmers increases and they spends a large part of his income to please Lord Indra. Shree Krishna asked the farmers to stop offering to Indra and feed his family with his income.

All the peoples of Braj agreed to Shri Krishna and worshiped Govardhan Parvat in place of Indradev. When Indra knew that the peasants had stopped offering, he got angry and started hurling havoc on the people of Vrindavan.

Indra Dev became very angry with this and started torrential rain.  Gradually this rain took the form of flood.  Now the lives of all the peoples of Braj were in trouble. It rained for several days.  All  the peoples of Vrindavans came to Krishna in fear of losing their lives and asked to remedy for their safety.
Then Krishna ji lifted the Govardhan mountain on his little finger to protect everyone's life from rain.
All the peoples of Braj took refuge under Govardhan mountain .  Seeing this, Indra Dev became more angry and he increased the speed of rain even more.  Then Shri Krishna asked Sudarshan Chakra to control the speed of rain by staying on the top of the mountain and asked Sheshnag to stop the water from reaching towards the mountain.
Indra Dev continuously showered night and day.  After a long time, he realized that Krishna is not an ordinary human being.  Then he went to Brahma ji.  Then he came to know that Shri Krishna is none other than Shri Hari himself as an incarnation of Vishnu.  On hearing this, he goes to Shri Krishna and starts apologizing to him.  After this, Devaraja Indra worshiped Krishna and offered him reverence .  Since then, the tradition of Govardhan Puja has been begun.  It is believed that Lord Krishna is pleased by worshiping Govardhan mountain and cows on this day.
It is believed that Lord Krishna's purpose behind to destroy Indra's ego was that all the peoples of Braj should understand and protect the importance of cows and environment.  Even today, cows have special importance in our lives.  Even today, milk given by cows holds a very important place in our lives.  But it is a matter of regret that we do not worry  about taking care of the cow which we treat like a mother and worship her.
Although cow slaughter is a crime in the country, but despite this, on many occasions in many parts of the country, we hear reports of illegal cow slaughter.  Enthusiasts of cow-meat should understand that they fill their stomach by killing such an important creature.  On the occasion of this coming Govardhan Puja, let us take a pledge that at our level, we will all try our best to protect cow and not just cows but we will be ready to protect the whole nature. 
Shri Krishna has told through this incident that two parties are involved in increasing corruption.  One who demands undue benefits for the performance of duties, the other who doing to provides benefit from such demands without consideration and opposition. Indra is the king of the clouds, but rain is his duty.  For this, it is not necessary to worship him or perform yajna for him.  Protest on unreasonable demands is necessary.  Those who bribe an officer or public representative to fulfill his / her duties are also guilty of spreading corruption.

Saturday, October 24, 2020

No any devotee is like than Hanuman ..


No any devotee is like than Hanuman ..


Ramanuraga( affection for Rama) of Hanuman ji is well known but his Krishnanuraga(affection for Krishna) is also no less.  In Lanka, if he ended the lineage of the wicked Ravana in association with Lord Rama, he favored with Krishna and Arjuna in the Mahabharata war for the establishment of dharma and the destruction of unrighteousness.  He himself was sitting on the chariot of Arjuna carrying the flag.

After the Mahabharata war, Shri Krishna asked Arjuna to get off the chariot.  After Arjuna, Shreekrishna also left the chariot and also Hanuman including with flag,  disappeared from chariot and Arjuna's chariot was destroyed by burning.  Seeing this Arjuna was surprise , Lord Krishna said that your chariot had already been burnt to ashes before the divine arrows of Bhishma, Drona, Karna and Ashwatthama. Thats only one reason is that immortal Hanumanji was on your chariot, so your chariot was safe.

Very few people know that Hanuman ji celebrates Ram Navami every year in Ayodhya with great pomp.  On the banks of Saryu he feed Bhandara with own hands to the Rama's devotees.  To solve the doubts of Devarshi Narada, Lord Shri Krishna also sat with Naradaji in a pangat(row) in Ayodhya.  Hanuman changing his form,he was serving Prasad with utmost devotion to the devotees of Rama , when his eyes fell on the feet of a sage.  He recognized him and fell at the feet.  He started saying - Lord, why did you come to Hanuman, I myself was going to come to Dwarika.  Just I was waiting for your order. Devarshi Narada apologized to God and said that I am sad that I doubted your devotee that he would not recognize you in the changed form. After all Hanuman ji is Hanuman ji.

Hanuman ji is a devotee of Rama.  He likes the same form of Prabhu Shriram.  For ages and years, he contemplate and remember the same form of Lord Shri Ram. He knew that Lord Krishna and Lord Rama had no difference , yet when he met Sri Krishna, Balarama ji and Rukmani ji in Dwarikapuri, he expressed his desire to see them in their own form of Ramavatar and all three fulfilled his wish.  While going to Vaikunth loka, Lord Shriram ordered Hanuman and Jamwant to stay on the earth and told them that he would give darshan to them when he incarnated in Dwapar. When Lord Krishna was accused of stealing the Syamantak Mani, he reached the cave of Jamwant in search of it.  He also fought with Jamwant.  It was during this war that he showed his Rama form to Jamwant. Jamwant became refugee and presented him to his beloved daughter Jamwanti, including Syamantak Mani.  At that time Hanuman ji had become known that Prabhu had appeared to Jamwant ji.

At that time Hanuman ji was doing penance on Gandhamadan mountain.  Even after thousands of years of penance between Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga, he did not see Lord Rama in the form of Lord Krishna, then Shiva ji reminded Lord Vishnu when he would give darshan to Hanuman.  He  was not satisfied to Krishna form, then he asked him to show his Rama form.
       
Very few people know that in Dwarikapuri he went on Lord Krishna's orders and destroyed the garden there as just like he had done in the garden of Ravana.  He had also said to Ravana that the tree breaks by saying fruit, the monkey has this nature but he did not say this to Krishna.

Meanwhile, he also broke the pride of God's vehicle Garuda and Sudarshan Chakra.  Garuda was proud that there is no one more powerful and faster than that.

When Lord Krishna came to know that a monkey was ravaging the garden of Dwarka, he asked Garuda to go with the army and tackle that monkey out of the state, but Garuda said that he is enough to tackle a monkey away.  and he went to the garden alone.  Did not take the army together.

There he used his force on Hanuman, then the mighty Hanuman ji wrapped him in his tail and he suffocated.  Hanuman ji left him after his pleading .

Garuda ji rushed to Lord Krishna and said that Maharaj is not an ordinary monkey.  Then Lord Krishna said that give him my message that Lord Rama has called him.  By the time Garuda reached the garden, Hanuman ji had reached Gandhamadan mountain.  After reaching there, Garuda gave the message of the Lord to him and also said that he should sit on his shoulder, he would bring him to the Lord as soon as possible.  Hanuman Ji said that you go, I am coming and Hanuman ji reached Lord Shri Krishna before him.  There he saw his in the form of Rama. Seeing Satyabhama sitting next to him, he said where is Mother Sita and what maid has you kept in her place.  Satyabhama's ego went away.  In fact, when Lord Krishna had given the Parijat tree to Satyabhama by bringing it from heaven, then she had an ego that the , she is only most beloved wife of God .

Shri Krishna had broken her arrogance through Hanuman.  The arrogance of Sudarshan Chakra was also broken by Hanuman.  At the time when Garuda ji went to call Hanuman, at the same time God told Sudarshan Chakra that he should stand at the door and not let anyone come in. Sudarshan did the same but Hanuman, not wanting a delay of one minute from Lord Rama, pressed the Sudarshan Chakra under his teeth and when Krishna asked that no one stopped him at the gate, he removed the Sudarshan Chakra from his teeth.  Put it at the feet of God and said that it was becoming a barrier in my with you.

Meanwhile, Garuda ji also came.  Seeing Hanuman before him, he realized the inferiority of his flying speed.  Balarama was also defeated by Hanuman in a mace battle, but he did all this with without arrogance.  Mahabali Bhima's ego was also broken by Hanuman on the Gandhamadan mountain.  He could not move the tail of Hanuman.  The skills of war that Hanuman had taught Bhima were very useful to Bhima in the Mahabharata.  

Friday, October 23, 2020

Why did Shri Krishna support only the Pandavas.


Why did Shri Krishna support only the Pandavas.


It is said that Shri Krishna supported dharma,justice and truth.  He did not support the Kauravas, as the Kauravas were believed to be sinners and unrighteous.  The Kauravas were stubborn, leery, and cowrdly, but were not the Pandavas all these?

Karma of Kaurava's side - 


Bhishma had pressurised Gandhari to marry with Dhritrastra against her desire.  On the other hand, Kashi Naresh's three daughters were kidnapped and forced to marry Vichitravirya, one of whom Amba committed suicide.  Bhishma was silent when Draupadi was being stripped off in a royal assembly .  Similarly Duryodhana has committed countless sins.  It is said that Duryodhana was also forcefully married to Bhanumati.

Secondly, he gave poison to Bhima by advice of Shakuni Mama.  He had involved in the plan to burn the Pandavas without any crime.

Duryodhana and all his brothers were autocratic(left Vikarna and Yuyutsu).  There are stories of Duryodhana's incest and atrocities in the Mahabharata.  Duryodhana's stubbornness, arrogance and greed drove people into the fire of war, hence Duryodhana is called the villain of Mahabharata.

It is said that Duryodhana was partially incaration of Kali Yuga, then 100 of his brothers were in previous birth they the demon of Pulastya dynasty.  Shakuni provoked Duryodhana and forced the Pandavas to gamble.  It was he who control  the mind of Gandhari's family.

When Gandhari was pregnant , Dhritarashtra sex with his own maid,  she giving him a son named Yuyutsu.  Despite being a veteran and knowledgeable, Dhritarashtra never got a justiceful word out of his mouth.  In affection of son's love, he never paid attention to the justifiable talk of Gandhari.  In this way, there were many people on the Kaurava side who were sinners and evildoers.

Karma of Pandava's side-


Playing gambling was an addiction and sinful work, but Yudhishthira played it knowing this.  After constructing Indrapratha, Yudhishthira became the Chakravarti Emperor after the Rajsuya Yagna at that time and was proud of his immense wealth and fame.

Why did he do gambling work even when he had everything?  Yudhishthira bets Draupadi and he lose.  Wasn't it immoral and unrighteous to put your wife in gambling?

Is it right to make a woman wife of all brothers before this?  Couldn't Yudhishthira and Kunti oppose it?  Then, being Draupadi, all the Pandavas married other women separately, was this also fair?

Why did Shri Krishna support the Pandavas?

Actually, Yudhishthir accepted to play it despite knowing that the dyut game is an evil.  Shakuni and Duryodhana had publicly sent him an invitation and at that time the game was more popular among the Kshatriyas.  Duryodhana had only one motive behind sending the invitation to gaming.  To grab their state and property from the Pandavas without fighting.

The dyutkrida invitation came as a game played with a sense of friendship in a cordial atmosphere with relatives.  Vidur had brought this invitation from Dhritarashtra.  In every way, Duryodhana had made sure that Yudhishthira could not reject it without being ridiculed. Yudhishthira accepted it even after Sahadeva's stop and even after his own recusal.  Before the gaming, the Pandavas were given a grand welcome, the rivers of harmony and friendship were there, and Yudhishthira was not allowed to realize that he was a fish, which got trapped.

Gradually Duryodhana and Shakuni caught Yudhishthira and Pandava side in their trap.  Now, in such a situation, Yudhishthira, who was helpless, wanted to win back his way by winning everything again.  At the same time, without taking care of the dharma, he also put his wife at stake.  The moral fall of Yudhishthira here is true.

He did what he should never have done as a king, head of a family and an elder brother.  Anger, insult, guilt and greed had defeated his conscience.

Here Dharmaraja was alienated from the path of dharma.  But at that time, if Duryodhana had even a sense of dharma, he would have freed the Pandavas and left, even if he had kept his kingdom. He was  never insult to Draupadi.  But he was a sinner. He had sin in mind and the Pandavas were trapped in his trap.  Both Yudhishthira and Duryodhana are wrong, but there is a lot of difference in the intention of both and by this difference, even after going contrary to one dharma, Dharmaraja remained and the other fell far below dharma.

Secondly, the competition of Draupadi Swayamvar was won by Arjun itself, but some circumstances were created that even though the five Pandavas had to marry Draupadi, they did not want to.  There were many reasons behind this.  First, Lord Shiva's boon was given to Draupadi and second due to Kunti, Draupadi became the wife of five Pandavas. Apart from this, Draupadi was going to be married to Arjuna after Arjuna won the competition at Swayamvar.  But between the convertion of Yudhishthira and Drupada, there came Vedavyasa and he took King Drupada in solitude and explained to him the boon of Lord Shiva.  Drupada then agreed and accepted Draupadi's marriage to all the Pandavas.

In this way we saw that the Pandavas had never left the path of dharma, but every time a situation like trouble started to arise.  Actually, the intention of the Pandavas was never bad.  They worked only for dharma and truth, but the Kauravas fraudulently used to grab their property and dignity and they were fraudulently sent to exile.

Their early life was also spent in suffering and after years of exile they suffered.  But when they returned from exile, they were supposed to get their right but the Kauravas did not give their their right which resulted in war.

In the war, it was natural that Sri Krishna had to side with one.  Both Duryodhana and Arjuna were relatives for Lord Krishna.  Sri Krishna's son Samb was the son-in-law of Duryodhana.  Balaram also had a deep bond and friendship with Arjun and Duryodhana.

In such a situation, for Balaram it was a dire thing.  Balarama had also explained to Shri Krishna that you should not fall in between the battle of the two, but Krishna did not listen to Balarama.
 Sri Krishna analyzed both sides and he knew who was right and who was wrong.

When he told Arjuna that you had to choose me or one of my Narayani army in the war, then Arjuna chose Sri Krishna .  Duryodhana was very happy with this selection, because Duryodhana wanted to  Sri Krishna's army would come on my side.

Earlier, there were many occasions when the Pandavas expressed their devotion to Shri Krishna and Duryodhana had insulted Krishna.  The Kaurava side never accepted Sri Krishna's words, just as Duryodhana had displayed indignant anger in front of him when he took the treaty proposal.  Therefore, there were many reasons which showed that the Kauravas side was unrighteous and the Pandava side was righteous.

Sunday, October 18, 2020

Vikarna : The only Kaurava who to oppose Draupadi's cheera-harana.

Vikarna : The only Kaurava who to oppose Draupadi's cheera-harana.


The story of Mahabharata and the cycle of events are such that there is less talk about that. Every time there is an event cycle or a character that is left. Whereas, every small and big character of Mahabharata has an important relationship with every incident. The most important incident of Mahabharata was the Cheera-haran of Draupadi. This incident created a gap between Pandavas and Kauravas that deepened over time. Then one day all the important characters of Mahabharata went into that ditch. But there was someone among them, who was known for his dharma-karma work even after this fierce war.  Although he was Kaurava, but perhaps he was the only person who did not support the brothers in incident of Draupadi's Cheer-haran.
The name of that great warrior is Vikarna!
There are many serials have been made on story of Mahabharata and how many books have been written, but one of the characters who has not been judged in the time of overcrowding is Vikarna. Vikarna was the only Kaurava involved in the war of Mahabharata who supported lifelong dharma. While each Kaurava was unrighteous and plotting against his own family, Vikarna was such a Kaurava who went against his other brothers and tried hard to establish dharma, but despite this, the Vikarna was not given much space in the Mahabharata story. While following the path of dharma Vikarna tried hard to convince his unrighteous brothers, who were mad with pride of power, but due to he not being able to calm the flame of their anger, he could not convince them, which resulted in the war of Mahabharata.  All the Kauravas, including Vikarna, were killed, whose blood turned the land of Kurukshetra red.
So for today, let us we take the curtain from the character of Vikarna and know how this courage came in him.
Whenever it comes to Kauravas, the name of Duryodhana or Dushasana is mostly taken.  Vikarna was the name of the another brother of the Kauravas, whose necessary and war skill's education was done under the supervision of Kripacharya, Dronacharya and Bhishma himself, but he is ignored in most of the articles for not giving an important place in the Mahabharata.

In the Mahabharata, apart from Duryodhana and Dushasasana, there is only the Vikarna which has more fame. People do not know much about other Kauravas. Although Yuyatsu is also a famous son of Dhritarashtra, but due to being a maid's son, he did not get the honor he deserved.  However, Yuyutsu was the only one among the Kauravas who survived after the Mahabharata war. Among the Kauravas, Vikarna was the one which became famous due to his good character.

Like other Kauravas, Vikarna were also born from the collop delivered by Gandhari by the grace of Maharishi Vyas. It is said that all the Kauravas were good character in their childhood, but due to the association of Duryodhana and Dushasan, they all became unrighteous like them. But the only Vikarna of them was one that never let his character and thought fall.  In the Mahabharata, in childhood, there is also a description about Vikarna advice to Duryodhana not to be hostile to Bhima.  Apart from this, the Vikarna kept continue giving suitable suggestions to Duryodhana. 

Although Duryodhana was very arrogant but loved his brothers very much.  Duryodhana does not have any kind of malice towards any of his brothers in the Mahabharata.  He may not follow the words of his brothers, but he used to give importance to their suggestions. Among the Kauravas, only Vikarna was the one who repeatedly advised Duryodhana to make a treaty with the Pandavas.  However, no one gave importance to this matter. Vikarna was also present at the  Draupadi's Swayamvara with Duryodhana. 

Along with other Kauravas, the education of Vikarna was also completed first by Kripacharya and later by Guru Dronacharya.  Although Vikarna was proficient in the operation of many types of weapons, but his skill was more in archery. While being archers like Karna and Arjuna, Vikarna never gained fame as a great archer, but in the Mahabharata, it is mentioned at many places that Vikarna was also an amazing archer.  Dronacharya himself was also a big fan of Vikarna's archery. Describing the warriors of the Kaurava and Pandava sides before the Mahabharata war, Pitamaha Bhishma placed Vikarna as a Rathi and counted him among the chief warriors of the Kauravas.

When the Pandavas were humiliated by being slaves after being defeated in gaming, Vikarna did not say anything, but when Duryodhana ordered Draupadi's Cheer-haran in a packed assembly, seeing that someone not opposing else in that assembly . Vikarna had vocally opposed this work. Apart from Mahatma Vidur in that assembly, there was only Vikarna who openly opposed Draupadi's Cheer-haran. It is said that Duryodhana was so enraged at the way Vikarna protested that he got up to kill Vikarna.  However, Karna later stopped him from doing so.

Opposing Cheera-haran, Vikarna also made an argument that caused all Kauravas, including Duryodhana, to become silent.  Vikarna said - "Oh brother! Bhratashree Yudhishthira may have stake Bhabhishree Draupadi, but he is not only her husband. The other Pandava brothers are also Draupadi's husband and they have also possess right as brother Yudhishthira. Therefore Bhrata Yudhishthira had no right to stake his wife at stake without the consent of his brothers. Therefore, this bet of Dhyutkrida should be declared invalid. "Duryodhana became speechless after saying this by Vikarna, but he heard the various arguments by Karna,Shakuni etc. and came under pride and didn't listen to his younger brother.

Vikarna also played an important role in the Mahabharata war.  Like Bhishma, Drona, Vidur, etc., Vikarna also made several attempts to avert this war, but every effort was ultimately in vain.  Knowing that he is in favor of wrongdoing and the defeat of the Kauravas is certain, he did not leave Duryodhana and decided to fight in his favor. Here we see the same kind of fraternity in Vikarna as that of Kumbhakarna ,who was younger brother of demon's king Ravana. Kumbhakarna had also condemned Ravana , for the work done by him but did not leave him till the end. On the other hand Yuyutsu can be compared to Vibhishana, who left his brother for dharma.

On the fourth day of the battle, Vikarna attempted to stop Abhimanyu and the two fought fiercely.  In that battle, Vikarna had forcibly back Abhimanyu's chariot several times but eventually he got defeated by Abhimanyu. On the fifth day of the battle, Vikarna tried to break the protective armor made by Mahishmati's army alone but he could not succeed due to Bhima's arrival there.  On the seventh day of the war, he saved many of his brothers from Bhima's wrath. On the tenth day of the battle he single-handedly stopped the chariot of Arjuna and Shikhandi from going towards Bhishma but then Maharaj Drupada challenged him for, which gave Arjuna a chance to move on.

In the Mahabharata war, Vikarna emaciated the Pandava army by killing the chief warriors of Pandava army, Chitrauddha and Chitrayodhin.  Apart from them, he killed many warriors of the Pandava army in the war. Among the prominent warriors of the Pandava army, especially his war with Nakula, Sahadeva and Ghatotkacha, in which he showed extraordinary valor.  On the thirteenth day of the war, when many Maharathis killed Abhimanyu, he remained silent but he had no active role in Abhimanyu's slaughter.

On the fourteenth day of the battle, when Bhima was in extreme rage and was looking for Dushasan, Duryodhana sent Vikarna to stop Bhima.  When the Vikarna comes to  in front of Bhima, the conversation  between them is very emotional. While searching of Dushasan, when Bhima saw Vikarna coming in front of him, he said, "O younger brother , do not fight with me today because I do not want to kill you. I have not forgotten , only you were opposed the Cheera-haran of Panchali . If you fight with me today, you will surely be killed by me. So you go and fight with another warrior. "
On seeing Bhima speaking like this, then Vikarna said - "O brother! I know that I cannot defeat you and my death is certain if you fight with me, but still I must will fight you for my brother. I had opposed Bhabhishree's Cheera-harana in the dhyutkrida because it was my dharma at that time and today I am stopping you in this battlefield because now this is also my dharma. "This statement of Vikarna shows his bright character and firm determination.

Thereafter, Vikarna fought with Bhima and he received Veergati (death in battle field) by his hands . After Vikarna's death, Bhima's cry is also mentioned in the Mahabharata.  Seeing the dead body of Vikarna, Bhima cries - "O younger brother ! Just like a lotus blooms in mud, similarly you were the best character among all Kauravas. Like Pitamah, you too had knowledge of dharma.  Today by killing you , I feel as if I have lost a Pandava.  If I had to break my pledge to protect the life of a brother like you, I would not regret it. "

Draupadi was also deeply saddened by the death of Vikarna because at the time of Cheera-harana, Vikarna was the only one who stood by her side.  Even though the character of Vikarna in the Mahabharata is not as outspoken, but in history, his name will always remain immortal as the only true character and Kaurava who has knowledge of dharma.

Vikarna was the only Kaurava who not only raised voice against this act of his eldest brother but also tried to convince Duryodhana and Dushasan till the end that it was wrong to do so.  Although all these attempts of Vikarna failed, it proved one thing that not only the unrighteous sons but also the follower of dharma ,a son was born from Gandhari's womb.

It was possible that he become a bigger archer than Arjun.


Like the rest of all the Kauravas, Vikarna was raised like a prince, but his ethics remained different from the rest of the Kauravas.  This quality of his was also seen in the field of education.  There was no one among the Kauravas who could be a good archer like Pandu's son Arjun, but Vikarna had amazing talent.  He learned archery from Guru Drona and Kripacharya.

After the end of education, when the time of Gurudakshina came, the Kauravas asked Acharya Drona what he wanted in Guru Dakshina?  Drona said that I want you all to face Drupada's army and defeat him in battle.
The Kauravas followed Acharya's orders.  Acharya Drona knew that if not Duryodhana, at least  Vikarna has the courage that he can target the  Drupada's army with his arrows.
However, Duryodhana kept Vikarna behind in the battle.  Actually he wanted to show his courage.  Ultimately the Kauravas could not face Drupada's army.  After this the Pandavas did this work and they won with the army of Drupada.
It was only after victory in this war that everyone considered Arjun's unique archery talent.  It is believed that if Duryodhana had not show only own courage himself, he would have won the battle on the help of Vikarna and he would have been a better archer than Arjuna.
In the Bhagavad Gita, Vikarna is depicted as a great warrior.  According to Bhagwat, if there was any great archer in the Kaurava army apart from Karna and Ashwatthama, it was Vikarna.  But due to the presence of  Bhishma, Drona, Kripacharya, Eklavya, Ashwatthama, Karna and Arjuna in the Mahabharata, Vikarna was always kept separate.
Many historians and mythological experts experience the same condition between Vikarna and Kumbhakarna.  Although both the wars took place in separate yuga, but there was much in common between the two.  Just as Kumbhakarna was also involved in the Ram-Ravana war to support his brother despite being a follower of dharma and justice, in the same way, Vikarna also joined the war of Mahabharata that occurred only because of his unrighteous brother. Kumbhakarna also knew well that Ravana's victory over Lord Rama was impossible; similarly, despite predicting the outcome of the Mahabharata war, Vikarna also became part of the Mahabharata to support his brother.  Both of them lost their lives in the war.
However, if there was give more importance  on the character of Vikarna in the Mahabharata, it would have been counted among the best warriors after the Pandavas.  The situation in the Mahabharata of Vikarna was not much different from the Kumbhakarana of the Ramayana.  Both of these brothers knew that what their elder brothers are doing unrighteous work, but they had to support them to keep the promise of their brother.
But Vikarna was such a great warrior who, knowing that despite walking on the path of dharma, he had to receive death because of his brother, he neither left his brother nor his dharma.  In such a situation, it would not be wrong to say that the next time we mention the great warriors of Mahabharata as Pandavas and Krishna, we should not forget the name of great Vikarna.

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